Competition

competitorcompetitionscompetitivecontestdirect competitioncompetitorssports competitioncompetitive sportcompetingcontests
Competition arises whenever at least two parties strive for a goal which cannot be shared: where one's gain is the other's loss (an example of which is a zero-sum game).wikipedia
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Rivalry

rivalrivalsarch-rival
It is, in general, a rivalry between two or more entities: animals, organisms, economic groups, individuals, social groups, etc., for group or social status, leadership, profit, and recognition: awards, goods, mates, prestige, a niche, scarce resources, or a territory.
A rivalry is the state of two people or groups engaging in a lasting competitive relationship.

Cooperation

co-operationcooperativecooperate
Competition is often considered to be the opposite of cooperation, however in the real world, mixtures of cooperation and competition are the norm.
Cooperation (written as co-operation in British English) is the process of groups of organisms working or acting together for common, mutual, or some underlying benefit, as opposed to working in competition for selfish benefit.

Resource

resourceslimited resourceassets
It is, in general, a rivalry between two or more entities: animals, organisms, economic groups, individuals, social groups, etc., for group or social status, leadership, profit, and recognition: awards, goods, mates, prestige, a niche, scarce resources, or a territory.
The concept of resources has been developed across many established areas of work, in economics, biology and ecology, computer science, management, and human resources for example - linked to the concepts of competition, sustainability, conservation, and stewardship.

Sweepstake

sweepstakesprize draw$weepstake$
In Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, competitions or lottos are the equivalent of what are commonly known as sweepstakes in the United States.
In Australia, a sweepstake is known as a competition, however the technical name for a consumer competition is a trade promotion lottery.

Oligopoly

oligopolisticoligopoliesoligopolists
The greater selection typically causes lower prices for the products, compared to what the price would be if there was no competition (monopoly) or little competition (oligopoly). Applications include a wide array of economic phenomena and approaches, such as auctions, bargaining, mergers & acquisitions pricing, fair division, duopolies, oligopolies, social network formation, agent-based computational economics, general equilibrium, mechanism design, and voting systems; and across such broad areas as experimental economics, behavioral economics, information economics, industrial organization, and political economy.
Oligopolistic competition can give rise to both wide-ranging and diverse outcomes.

Extinction

extinctspecies extinction
As a result, species less suited to compete for the resources may die out unless they adapt by character dislocation, for instance.
Humans can cause extinction of a species through overharvesting, pollution, habitat destruction, introduction of invasive species (such as new predators and food competitors), overhunting, and other influences.

Market economy

market economiesfree market economymarket
Competition is a major tenet of market economies and business, often associated with business competition as companies are in competition with at least one other firm over the same group of customers.
Due to the fractal nature of any fair market and being market participants subject to the law of competition which impose reinvesting an increasing part of profits, the mean statistical chance of bankruptcy within the half life of any participant is also 50% and 100% whether an infinite sample of time is considered.

Market failure

market failuresmarket imperfectionmarket imperfections
Markets are seen as the most efficient method of allocating resources, although sometimes they fail, and regulation becomes necessary to protect the ideal market model.
This can also lead to resource depletion in the case of common-pool resources, where, because use of the resource is rival but non-excludable, there is no incentive for users to conserve the resource.

Sport

sportsathleticathletics
While some sports and games (such as fishing or hiking) have been viewed as primarily recreational, most sports are considered competitive.
Sport includes all forms of competitive physical activity or games which, through casual or organised participation, at least in part aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.

Game

gamesgamingMultiplayer
While some sports and games (such as fishing or hiking) have been viewed as primarily recreational, most sports are considered competitive.
In his Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein argued that the elements of games, such as play, rules, and competition, all fail to adequately define what games are.

Championship

championshipstitlePremiers
A regularly scheduled (for instance annual) competition meant to determine the "best" competitor of that cycle is called a championship.
In sport, a championship is a competition in which the aim is to decide which individual or team is the champion.

Agent-based computational economics

agent-basedagent-based computational modelingAgent-based models
Applications include a wide array of economic phenomena and approaches, such as auctions, bargaining, mergers & acquisitions pricing, fair division, duopolies, oligopolies, social network formation, agent-based computational economics, general equilibrium, mechanism design, and voting systems; and across such broad areas as experimental economics, behavioral economics, information economics, industrial organization, and political economy.
The subject has been applied to research areas like asset pricing, competition and collaboration, transaction costs, market structure and industrial organization and dynamics, welfare economics, and mechanism design, information and uncertainty, macroeconomics, and Marxist economics.

Privatization

privatisationprivatizedprivatised
Hence competition law is closely connected with the law on deregulation of access to markets, providing state aids and subsidies, the privatisation of state-owned assets and the use of independent sector regulators, such as the United Kingdom telecommunications watchdog Ofcom.
Studies show that private market factors can more efficiently deliver many goods or service than governments due to free market competition.

Social Darwinism

Social DarwinistSocial Darwiniansocial Darwinists
Some social Darwinists claim that competition also serves as a mechanism for determining the best-suited group; politically, economically and ecologically.
Many such views stress competition between individuals in laissez-faire capitalism, while others were used in support of authoritarianism, eugenics, racism, imperialism, fascism, Nazism, and struggle between national or racial groups.

Ecological model of competition

ecological approach
The ecological model of competition is a reassessment of the nature of competition in the economy.

Mathematical economics

mathematical economisteconomicsmathematical
Game theory is a major method used in mathematical economics and business for modeling competing behaviors of interacting agents.
Other dimensions of the approach include such standard economic subjects as competition and collaboration, market structure and industrial organization, transaction costs, welfare economics and mechanism design, information and uncertainty, and macroeconomics.

Cartel

cartelsprice fixing cartelTrusts
For example, a cartel of sports shops who together fix football jersey prices higher than normal is illegal.

Student competition

Student competitionsstudent technology competition
There can be a competition between students or teams of students within a classroom or across different schools and across geographical regions.

Zero-profit condition

In economic competition theory, the zero-profit condition is the condition that occurs when an industry or type of business has an extremely low (near-zero) cost of entry to or exit from the industry.

Conflict of interest

conflicts of interestconflict-of-interestconflict of interests
COI is sometimes termed competition of interest rather than "conflict", emphasizing a connotation of natural competition between valid interests—rather than the classical definition of conflict, which would include by definition including a victim and unfair aggression.

War

warfarearmed conflictconflict
The result of this type of competition often leads to worldwide tensions, and may sometimes erupt into warfare.
There are two main schools: One sees organized warfare as emerging in or after the Mesolithic as a result of complex social organization and greater population density and competition over resources; the other sees human warfare as a more ancient practice derived from common animal tendencies, such as territoriality and sexual competition.

Goal

objectiveobjectivesvision
Competition arises whenever at least two parties strive for a goal which cannot be shared: where one's gain is the other's loss (an example of which is a zero-sum game).

Leadership

leaderleadersLeader of the
It is, in general, a rivalry between two or more entities: animals, organisms, economic groups, individuals, social groups, etc., for group or social status, leadership, profit, and recognition: awards, goods, mates, prestige, a niche, scarce resources, or a territory.

Profit (economics)

profitprofitsprofitability
It is, in general, a rivalry between two or more entities: animals, organisms, economic groups, individuals, social groups, etc., for group or social status, leadership, profit, and recognition: awards, goods, mates, prestige, a niche, scarce resources, or a territory.