Composer

music composercomposedmusicmusical composerFilm composercomposingcompositioncomposecomposerscomposes
A composer (Latin compōnō; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.wikipedia
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Musical composition

compositionmusic compositioncomposing
Although a musical composition often has a single author, this is not always the case.
People who create new compositions are called composers.

Witold Lutosławski

Witold LutoslawskiLutosławskiLutoslawski
Music that makes heavy use of randomness and chance is called aleatoric music, and is associated with contemporary composers active in the 20th century, such as John Cage, Morton Feldman, and Witold Lutosławski.
Witold Roman Lutosławski (25 January 1913 – 7 February 1994) was a Polish composer and orchestral conductor.

Orchestration

orchestratororchestratedorchestrations
A work of music can have multiple composers, which often occurs in popular music when a band collaborates to write a song, or in musical theatre, where the songs may be written by one person, the orchestration of the accompaniment parts and writing of the overture is done by an orchestrator, and the words may be written by a third person.
An orchestrator is a trained musical professional who assigns instruments from an orchestra or other musical ensemble to a piece of music written by a composer, or who adapts music composed for another medium for an orchestra.

Instrumental

instrumental musicinstrumentalsContemporary instrumental
A composer (Latin compōnō; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.
An instrumental can exist in music notation, after it is written by a composer; in the mind of the composer (especially in cases where the composer himself will perform the piece, as in the case of a blues solo guitarist or a folk music fiddle player); as a piece that is performed live by a single instrumentalist or a musical ensemble, which could range in components from a duo or trio to a large Big Band, concert band or orchestra.

Songwriter

songwritingwrittenwriter
In popular and folk music, the composer is usually called a songwriter, since the music generally takes the form of a song.
A songwriter can also be called a composer, although the latter term tends to be used mainly for individuals from the classical music genre and film scoring, but is also associated writing and composing the original musical composition or musical bed.

Sheet music

scoremusical scorescores
This is distinct from a 19th-century conception of instrumental composition, where the work was represented solely by a musical score to be interpreted by performers.
If the songwriter or composer is known, her or his name is typically indicated along with the title.

Guillaume de Machaut

MachautGuillaume de MachaultGuillaume Machaut
Examples of composers from this period are Léonin, Pérotin and Guillaume de Machaut.
Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault; c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer.

Opera

opera singeroperasoperatic
The Baroque music era began when composers looked back to Ancient Greek music for the inspiration to create operas (dramatic vocal music accompanied by orchestra).
Such a "work" (the literal translation of Italian word "opera") is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet.

Claudio Monteverdi

MonteverdiC. MonteverdiMonterverdi
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (, also, ; baptized 15 May 1567 – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster.

Jean-Baptiste Lully

LullyJean Baptiste LullyJean-Baptist Lully
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Jean-Baptiste Lully (, ; ; born Giovanni Battista Lulli, ; 28 November 1632– 22 March 1687) was an Italian-born French composer, instrumentalist, and dancer who spent most of his life working in the court of Louis XIV of France.

Dieterich Buxtehude

Dietrich BuxtehudeBuxtehudeD. Buxtehude
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Dieterich Buxtehude (Diderich, ; c. 1637/39 – 9 May 1707) was a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period.

Arcangelo Corelli

CorelliCorelli schoolCORELLI, ARCANGELO
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Arcangelo Corelli (, also,, ; 17 February 1653 – 8 January 1713) was an Italian violinist and composer of the Baroque era.

Antonio Vivaldi

VivaldiAntonio Lucio VivaldiA. Vivaldi
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (, ; 4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque musical composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher, and priest.

Jean-Philippe Rameau

RameauJean Philippe RameauRameau, Jean-Philippe
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Jean-Philippe Rameau (September 25, 1683 – September 12, 1764) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the 18th century.

Georg Philipp Telemann

TelemannTWVG. P. Telemann
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
Georg Philipp Telemann (24 March 1681 – 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.

Symphony

symphoniessymphonicsymphonic works
It was dominated by further development of musical forms initially defined in the Baroque period: the sonata, the concerto, and the symphony.
A symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, most often written by composers for orchestra.

Musician

recording artistartistsartist
A composer (Latin compōnō; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

Joseph Haydn

HaydnFranz Joseph HaydnJ. Haydn
The best known composers of Classicism are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert.
Franz Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period.

Ludwig van Beethoven

BeethovenLudwig von BeethovenBeethoven, Ludwig van
The best known composers of Classicism are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven and Franz Schubert.
Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.

Orchestra

symphony orchestraorchestralchamber orchestra
The Baroque music era began when composers looked back to Ancient Greek music for the inspiration to create operas (dramatic vocal music accompanied by orchestra).
The composer's instrumentation almost always included paired flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, horns and trumpets.

Heinrich Schütz

SchützHeinrich SchutzH. Schütz
Some of the best-known composers from the Baroque era include Claudio Monteverdi, Heinrich Schütz, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Dieterich Buxtehude, Arcangelo Corelli, Henry Purcell, François Couperin, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel.
After a prolonged yet polite negotiation between the Landgrave and the Elector, Schütz moved to Dresden in 1615 to work as court composer to the Elector of Saxony.

Melody

melodicmelodieslead
The main style was homophony, where a prominent melody and a subordinate chordal accompaniment part are clearly distinct.

Acousmatic sound

acousmaticacousmatic listeningacousmatics
The invention of sound recording and the ability to edit music on tape gave rise to new subgenre of classical music, including the acousmatic and Musique concrète schools of electronic composition, in which composers made pieces using reel-to-reel tape recorders and electronic equipment.
More recently, in the article Space-form and the acousmatic image (2007), composer and academic Prof. Denis Smalley has expanded on some of Schaeffers' acousmatic concepts.

Accompaniment

accompanistaccompaniedaccompanying
The main style was homophony, where a prominent melody and a subordinate chordal accompaniment part are clearly distinct.
In some cases, an arranger or composer may give a bassist a bass part that is fully written out in music notation.