Compulsory education

compulsorycompulsory schoolingmass educationcompulsory school attendancecompulsory attendancecompulsory schoolnot compulsory9 years of educationcompulsorily taughtcompulsory attendance at school
Compulsory education refers to a period of education that is required of all people and is imposed by the government.wikipedia
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School

schoolsschoolingnight school
Depending on the country, this education may take place at a registered school (schooling) or at home (homeschooling).
Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory.

Free education

freefree schooltuition-free
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights requires, within a reasonable number of years, the principle of compulsory education free of charge for all.
Primary school and other comprehensive or compulsory education is free in many countries (often not including primary textbook as well as certain post-secondary administrative and sundry fees), including post-graduate studies in the Nordic countries.

Homeschooling

homeschooledhomeschoolhome-schooled
Depending on the country, this education may take place at a registered school (schooling) or at home (homeschooling).
Before the introduction of compulsory school attendance laws, most childhood education was done by families and local communities.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICESCRInternational Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural RightsEconomic, Social and Cultural Rights
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights requires, within a reasonable number of years, the principle of compulsory education free of charge for all.
Article 14 of the Covenant requires those parties which have not yet established a system of free compulsory primary education, to rapidly adopt a detailed plan of action for its introduction "within a reasonable number of years".

Elementary Education Act 1870

Education Act 18701870 Education ActEducation Act
In England and Wales, the Elementary Education Act 1870 paved the way for compulsory education by establishing school boards to set up schools in any places that did not have adequate provision.
One was because many people remained hostile to the idea of mass education.

Massachusetts

MACommonwealth of MassachusettsMass.
In 1852, Massachusetts was the first U.S. state to pass a contemporary universal public education law.
In 1852, Massachusetts became the first state to pass compulsory education laws.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The Protestant Reformation prompted the establishment of compulsory education for boys and girls, first in regions that are now part of Germany, and later in Europe and in the United States.
Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years.

Hungary

HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
In Austria, Hungary and the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech lands), mandatory primary education was introduced by Empress Maria Theresa in 1774.
Preschool-kindergarten education is compulsory and provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is also compulsory until the age of sixteen.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
School attendance is compulsory for nine years, i.e. usually to the age of fifteen.

Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009

Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education ActRight to Education ActThe Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Due to population growth and the proliferation of compulsory education, UNESCO calculated in 2006 that over the subsequent 30 years, more people would receive formal education than in all prior human history.
In 1948, UNESCO recommended that Member States should make free primary education compulsory and universal.

Wisconsin v. Yoder

Wisconsin v. Jonas Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972), is the case in which the United States Supreme Court found that Amish children could not be placed under compulsory education past 8th grade.

Raising of school leaving age

raising of the school leaving ageROSLAeducational reforms
The raising of school leaving age (often shortened to ROSLA) is an act brought into force when the legal age a child is allowed to leave compulsory education increases.

State school

Publicpublic high schoolpublic school
In 1922 an attempt was made by the voters of Oregon to enact the Oregon Compulsory Education Act, which would require all children between the ages of 8 and 16 to attend public schools, only leaving exceptions for mentally or physically unfit children, exceeding a certain living distance from a state school, or having written consent from a county superintendent to receive private instruction.
There is a 12 years compulsory education program from government.

Anti-schooling activism

Anti-schooling,over-education
Anti-schooling activism or radical education reform describes multiple positions critical of compulsory schooling laws.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
In the country, education is secular, free, compulsory and based on three levels of education which is segmented in primary, secondary and tertiary education.

Middle school

junior high schoolmiddlejunior high
In the Czech Republic after completing the nine-year elementary school (compulsory school attendance) a student may apply for high school or grammar school.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
Jewish communities in the Levant were the first to introduce compulsory education for which the organized community, not less than the parents was responsible.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
Primary and secondary education are compulsory and free in public schools.

Child labour

child laborchildrenlabor
This saw an increase in schooling, with the eventual introduction of compulsory schooling.

Amish

Old Order AmishAmish CommunityThe Amish
In 1972, the United States Supreme Court exempted Amish pupils from compulsory education past eighth grade.

Sierra Leone

Sierra LeoneanRepublic of Sierra LeoneSLE
Primary education is free and compulsory in government-sponsored public schools.

History of education

educational historyAmerican educational historyand education
Today, there is some form of compulsory education in most countries.

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues
Plato's The Republic (c.

Republic (Plato)

RepublicThe RepublicPlato's Republic
Plato's The Republic (c.