Computer-aided design

CADcomputer aided designCAD softwareCAD programComputer Aided Draftingcomputer-aided draftingCAD modelcomputer-aided design (CAD)CADDcomputer assisted design
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computers (or workstations) to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.wikipedia
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Computer

computerscomputer systemdigital computer
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computers (or workstations) to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
This includes simple special purpose devices like microwave ovens and remote controls, factory devices such as industrial robots and computer-aided design, and also general purpose devices like personal computers and mobile devices such as smartphones.

Mechanical engineering

mechanical engineermechanicalmechanical engineers
In mechanical design it is known as mechanical design automation (MDA) or computer-aided drafting (CAD), which includes the process of creating a technical drawing with the use of computer software.
In addition to these core principles, mechanical engineers use tools such as computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), and product life cycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices, weapons, and others.

Prosthesis

prostheticprostheticsprostheses
CAD is an important industrial art extensively used in many applications, including automotive, shipbuilding, and aerospace industries, industrial and architectural design, prosthetics, and many more.
Prostheses can be created by hand or with Computer-Aided Design (CAD), a software interface that helps creators design and analyze the creation with computer-generated 2-D and 3-D graphics as well as analysis and optimization tools.

Engineering drawing

engineering drawingsdraftingconstruction drawing
As in the manual drafting of technical and engineering drawings, the output of CAD must convey information, such as materials, processes, dimensions, and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions.
Since the advent of computer-aided design (CAD), engineering drawing has been done more and more in the electronic medium with each passing decade.

Computational geometry

computational geometergeometric algorithmssearch space
Because of its enormous economic importance, CAD has been a major driving force for research in computational geometry, computer graphics (both hardware and software), and discrete differential geometry.
The main impetus for the development of computational geometry as a discipline was progress in computer graphics and computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM), but many problems in computational geometry are classical in nature, and may come from mathematical visualization.

Solid modeling

solid modellingparametric modelingparametric
Current computer-aided design software packages range from 2D vector-based drafting systems to 3D solid and surface modelers.
Together, the principles of geometric and solid modeling form the foundation of 3D-computer-aided design and in general support the creation, exchange, visualization, animation, interrogation, and annotation of digital models of physical objects.

Technical drawing

draftingdraughtsmandraftsman
In mechanical design it is known as mechanical design automation (MDA) or computer-aided drafting (CAD), which includes the process of creating a technical drawing with the use of computer software. As in the manual drafting of technical and engineering drawings, the output of CAD must convey information, such as materials, processes, dimensions, and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions.
Today, the mechanics of the drafting task have largely been automated and accelerated through the use of computer-aided design systems (CAD).

Product lifecycle

product lifecycle managementPLMproduct life cycle
CAD is one part of the whole digital product development (DPD) activity within the product lifecycle management (PLM) processes, and as such is used together with other tools, which are either integrated modules or stand-alone products, such as:
The first part in its quest for faster product development was computer-aided design (CAD) software system that made engineers more productive.

Computer-aided manufacturing

CAMComputer Aided Manufacturingmanufacturing
CAM is a subsequent computer-aided process after computer-aided design (CAD) and sometimes computer-aided engineering (CAE), as the model generated in CAD and verified in CAE can be input into CAM software, which then controls the machine tool.

Computer-aided technologies

CAD/CAMCAxCAD CAM
CAD has become an especially important technology within the scope of computer-aided technologies, with benefits such as lower product development costs and a greatly shortened design cycle.

Numerical control

CNCcomputer numerical controlCNC machine
The program can be written by a person or, far more often, generated by graphical computer-aided design (CAD) software.

Geometric modeling

geometric modelgeometric modelling3D models
The design of geometric models for object shapes, in particular, is occasionally called computer-aided geometric design (CAGD).
Three-dimensional models are central to computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM), and widely used in many applied technical fields such as civil and mechanical engineering, architecture, geology and medical image processing.

Computer-aided engineering

CAEcomputer aided engineeringComputer Aided Engineering (CAE)
It is included with computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) in the collective abbreviation "CAx".

4D BIM

4D scheduling4-D scheduling software4D
4D BIM is a type of virtual construction engineering simulation incorporating time or schedule related information for project management.
4D BIM, an acronym for 4-dimensional building information modeling and a term widely used in the CAD industry, refers to the intelligent linking of individual 3D CAD components or assemblies with time- or scheduling-related information.

Freeform surface modelling

freeform surfaceFreeform surface modelingfreeform surfaces
Current computer-aided design software packages range from 2D vector-based drafting systems to 3D solid and surface modelers.
Freeform surface modelling is a technique for engineering freeform surfaces with a CAD or CAID system.

Integrated circuit

integrated circuitsmicrochipchip
The benefits of CAD systems over manual drafting are the capabilities one often takes for granted from computer systems today; automated generation of bills of materials, auto layout in integrated circuits, interference checking, and many others.
Electronic Design Automation (EDA), also referred to as Electronic Computer-Aided Design (ECAD), is a category of software tools for designing electronic systems, including integrated circuits.

Geometric modeling kernel

CAD kernelgeometric modeling kitKernel
A CAD system can be seen as built up from the interaction of a graphical user interface (GUI) with NURBS geometry or boundary representation (B-rep) data via a geometric modeling kernel.
A geometric modeling kernel is a 3D solid modeling software component used in computer-aided design packages.

Boundary representation

B-repBREPnon-manifold model
A CAD system can be seen as built up from the interaction of a graphical user interface (GUI) with NURBS geometry or boundary representation (B-rep) data via a geometric modeling kernel.
In solid modeling and computer-aided design, boundary representation—often abbreviated as B-rep or BREP—is a method for representing shapes using the limits.

Non-uniform rational B-spline

NURBSNonuniform rational B-splineNURB
A CAD system can be seen as built up from the interaction of a graphical user interface (GUI) with NURBS geometry or boundary representation (B-rep) data via a geometric modeling kernel.
NURBS are commonly used in computer-aided design (CAD), manufacturing (CAM), and engineering (CAE) and are part of numerous industry wide standards, such as IGES, STEP, ACIS, and PHIGS.

Industrial arts

shopmanual artsshop class
CAD is an important industrial art extensively used in many applications, including automotive, shipbuilding, and aerospace industries, industrial and architectural design, prosthetics, and many more.

Electronic design automation

EDAelectronic designECAD
Its use in designing electronic systems is known as electronic design automation (EDA).

Product data management

PDMProduct DataEDM
The information being stored and managed (on one or more file servers) will include engineering data such as computer-aided design (CAD) models, drawings and their associated documents.

3Dconnexion

Spaceball (computing)Spacemouse/SpaceBallSpaceNavigator
Manipulation of the view of the model on the screen is also sometimes done with the use of a Spacemouse/SpaceBall.
Commonly utilized in CAD applications, 3D modeling, animation, 3D visualization and product visualization, users can manipulate the controller's pressure-sensitive handle (historically referred to as either a cap, ball, mouse or knob) to fly through 3D environments or manipulate 3D models within an application.

Vector graphics

vectorvector graphicvector image
Current computer-aided design software packages range from 2D vector-based drafting systems to 3D solid and surface modelers.

Autodesk 123D

123D123D Catch123D Circuits
Autodesk 123D was a suite of hobbyist CAD and 3D modelling tools created by Autodesk.