A report on Computer file

A punched card file
The twin disk files of an IBM 305 system
Files and folders arranged in a hierarchy

Computer resource for recording data in a computer storage device, primarily identified by its file name.

- Computer file
A punched card file

44 related topics with Alpha

Overall

An example of slack space, demonstrated with 4,096-byte NTFS clusters: 100,000 files, each five bytes per file, which equal to 500,000 bytes of actual data but require 409,600,000 bytes of disk space to store

File system

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Method and data structure that the operating system uses to control how data is stored and retrieved.

Method and data structure that the operating system uses to control how data is stored and retrieved.

An example of slack space, demonstrated with 4,096-byte NTFS clusters: 100,000 files, each five bytes per file, which equal to 500,000 bytes of actual data but require 409,600,000 bytes of disk space to store
File systems may become fragmented
Directory listing in a Windows command shell

Taking its name from the way a paper-based data management system is named, each group of data is called a "file."

Filename extension

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A filename extension, file name extension or file extension is a suffix to the name of a computer file (e.g.,, , ).

File format

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A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.

Screenshot of a Windows command shell showing filenames in a directory

Filename

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Screenshot of a Windows command shell showing filenames in a directory
Filename list, with long filenames containing comma and space characters as they appear in a software display.

A filename or file name is a name used to uniquely identify a computer file in a directory structure.

A simplified structure of the Linux kernel. File systems are implemented as part of the I/O subsystem.

Device file

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A simplified structure of the Linux kernel. File systems are implemented as part of the I/O subsystem.

In Unix-like operating systems, a device file or special file is an interface to a device driver that appears in a file system as if it were an ordinary file.

Extended file attributes

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Extended file attributes are file system features that enable users to associate computer files with metadata not interpreted by the filesystem, whereas regular attributes have a purpose strictly defined by the filesystem (such as permissions or records of creation and modification times).

OS/360 was used on most IBM mainframe computers beginning in 1966, including computers used by the Apollo program.

Operating system

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System software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs.

System software that manages computer hardware, software resources, and provides common services for computer programs.

OS/360 was used on most IBM mainframe computers beginning in 1966, including computers used by the Apollo program.
PC DOS was an early personal computer OS that featured a command-line interface.
Mac OS by Apple Computer became the first widespread OS to feature a graphical user interface. Many of its features such as windows and icons would later become commonplace in GUIs.
The first server for the World Wide Web ran on NeXTSTEP, based on BSD.
Ubuntu, desktop Linux distribution
Linux, a unix-like operating system was first time released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds. Picture of Tux the penguin, mascot of Linux.
A kernel connects the application software to the hardware of a computer.
Privilege rings for the x86 microprocessor architecture available in protected mode. Operating systems determine which processes run in each mode.
Many operating systems can "trick" programs into using memory scattered around the hard disk and RAM as if it is one continuous chunk of memory, called virtual memory.
File systems allow users and programs to organize and sort files on a computer, often through the use of directories (or "folders").
A screenshot of the Bash command line. Each command is typed out after the 'prompt', and then its output appears below, working its way down the screen. The current command prompt is at the bottom.
A screenshot of the KDE Plasma 5 graphical user interface. Programs take the form of images on the screen, and the files, folders (directories), and applications take the form of icons and symbols. A mouse is used to navigate the computer.

Computers store data on disks using files, which are structured in specific ways in order to allow for faster access, higher reliability, and to make better use of the drive's available space.

File copying

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In digital file management, copying is a file operation that creates a new file which has the same content as an existing file.

System resource

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Any physical or virtual component of limited availability within a computer system.

Any physical or virtual component of limited availability within a computer system.

Virtual system resources include files (concretely file handles), network connections (concretely network sockets), and memory areas.

The Alto Neptune file manager program

File manager

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The Alto Neptune file manager program
Midnight Commander, an orthodox file manager with a text-based user interface
File Manager in Windows 10, displaying the contents of partition X:
Nemo
The Miller Column browser from GNUstep is a type of Navigational file manager.
The Nautilus file manager had a spatial mode, which was removed with the arrival of GNOME (and with it Nautilus) version 3.x. Each of these windows displays an open directory.
File System Visualizer, one example of a 3D file manager
In Cubix, files sharing the same attributes are represented by cubes in a 3D environment.

A file manager or file browser is a computer program that provides a user interface to manage files and folders.