Concessions and leases in international relations


A "synallagmatic act by which a State transfers the exercise of rights or functions proper to itself to a foreign private test which, in turn, participates in the performance of public functions and thus gains a privileged position vis-a-vis other private law subjects within the jurisdiction of the State concerned."

- Concessions and leases in international relations

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Kiautschou Bay Leased Territory

Kiautschou Bay Leased Territory
Map of the Jiaozhou Bay with Qingdao, 1905
Postcard of Deutschland and Gefion arriving at Kiautschou Bay in 1899
Main gate of a Chinese munitions depot, taken over by the Imperial German Navy, 1898
Pier with German naval personnel, apparent expansion in progress, 1898
Disembarkation of the landing force
Civilian administration flag of Kiautschou
The branch office of the Deutsch-Asiatische Bank in Tsingtau
The residence of the Governor in Tsingtau

The Kiautschou Bay Leased Territory was a German leased territory in Imperial and Early Republican China from 1898 to 1914.

British Weihaiwei

Location of Weihaiwei (blue) in 1921
Waterfront, Seymour Street in Weihaiwei, circa 1905-1910
Location of Weihaiwei (blue) in 1921
Map of Weihaiwei in 1906
Sir James Stewart Lockhart, Commissioner of Weihaiwei, 1902-1921
Commissioner staff and headmen of the territory in 1908
One of the revenue stamps of Weihaiwei issued in 1921

British Weihaiwei or Wei-hai-wei, on the northeastern coast of China, was a leased territory of the United Kingdom from 1898 until 1930.

Tati Concessions Land


The Tati Concession was a land and mining concession created in the western borderlands of the Matabele Kingdom.

Belgian concession of Tianjin

Belgian consulate in the British concession
Tianjin trams, owned by the Belgian Tientsin Tramway and Lighting Company
Main road of the Belgian Tianjin concession

The Belgian concession of Tianjin (Belgische concessie in Tianjin; Concession belge de Tianjin; ) was a 120 acre Belgian Colonial concession in the Chinese city of Tianjin between 1902 and 1931, the only Belgian concession in China.

Russian concession of Tianjin

The Russian consulate of Tianjin
The Church of Our Lady in Tianjin

The Russian concession of Tianjin (Chinese: 天津俄租界, pinyin: Tiānjīn é zūjiè, Russian: Российская концессия Тяньцзиня) was a territory (concession) in the Chinese city of Tientsin occupied colonially by the Russian Empire between 1900 to 1924, and one of the Russian concessions in the late Qing dynasty (others including the Russian concessions in Hankou, Dalian, Harbin, and Port Arthur).

Special member state territories and the European Union

The special territories of the European Union are 32 territories of EU member states which, for historical, geographical, or political reasons, enjoy special status within or outside the European Union.

Angra do Heroísmo, oldest continuously settled town in the archipelago of the Azores and UNESCO World Heritage Site.
French Guiana tropical forest, looking toward Cacao
Willemstad, the capital city of Curaçao.
Ceuta in Spanish North Africa.
The internationally unrecognised Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Kunoy island, Faroe Islands
Sermiligaaq, Greenland

Finland leases the 19.6 km-long Russian part of the Saimaa Canal from Russia and is granted extraterritoriality rights.

List of countries that border only one other country

List of countries that have a land border with only one other country.

Passport Island, site of the land border between Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, is seen at the far left. Each nation has a border checkpoint on the island on opposite sides of the border.

Weihaiwei: 1898–1930, British colony on a leased territory from China's Qing Dynasty. Transferred to the Republic of China in 1930.

Zambia Railways

National railway of Zambia, one of the two major railway organisations in Zambia, which may also be referred to as Railway Systems of Zambia (RSZ).

Railway bridge between Zambia and Zimbabwe at Victoria Falls
Part of the railway near Kabwe under construction
Kapiri Mposhi station
A freight train crosses the Victoria Falls bridge into Zambia from Zimbabwe, 2006

The Consortium was declared the winner with the signing of the Freight Concession Agreement on 14 February 2003.

Yoshiko Kawashima

Qing dynasty princess of the Aisin-Gioro clan.

Yoshiko Kawashima
Shanqi (1866–1922), Kawashima's biological father
Kawashima's mother Lady Janggiya, the 4th consort of Prince Suzhong
Yoshiko in Kimono with her signature to her friends
Yoshiko in Kimono with her signature to her friends
Yoshiko in Kimono with her signature to her friends
Yoshiko Kawashima in her high school days
Yoshiko Kawashima with her brothers and foster-father Naniwa Kawashima
Yoshiko Kawashima
Renko Kawashima, Naniwa Kawashima, Yoshiko Kawashima, and Chizuko (Yoshiko's secretary) in Matsumoto.
Yoshiko Kawashima's marriage with Ganjuurjab in 1927
Kawashima Yoshiko visiting the home of Tōyama Mitsuru.
Kawashima Yoshiko adolescent
Kawashima in Manchurian military uniform
Autographed Photo of Kawashima Yoshiko
Kawashima (left) with Naniwa Kawashima (centre) and Ryukichi Tanaka (right), 1933
Kawashima Yoshiko
Photo of executed Yoshiko Kawashima in 1948

Kawashima moved to the foreign concession in Shanghai.

Sphere of influence

Spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity.

A 1912 newspaper cartoon highlighting the United States' influence in Latin America following the Monroe Doctrine.
Map of Africa in 1897 shows European "sphere[s] of influence".
Delimitation of British and Russian influence in Iran
Spheres of influence in Chinese empire in early 20th century
German and Japanese direct spheres of influence at their greatest extents in fall 1942.
Greatest extent of Soviet influence, after the Cuban Revolution but before the Sino-Soviet Split
An 1878 British cartoon about The Great Game between the United Kingdom and Russia over influence in Central Asia

These do not include the lease and concession territories where the foreign powers had full authority.