Confectionery

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Confectionery is the art of making confections, which are food items that are rich in sugar and carbohydrates.wikipedia
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Candy

sweetscandieshard candy
The words candy (US and Canada), sweets (UK and Ireland), and lollies (Australia and New Zealand) are common words for the most common varieties of sugar confectionery.
Candy, also called sweets or lollies, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient.

Dessert

dessertssweetsweet dish
Bakers' confectionery includes sweet baked goods, especially those that are served for the dessert course.
The course usually consists of sweet foods, such as confections dishes or fruit, and possibly a beverage such as dessert wine or liqueur, but in America it may include coffee, cheeses, nuts, or other savory items regarded as a separate course elsewhere.

Doughnut

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Major categories include cakes, sweet pastries, doughnuts, scones, and cookies.
A doughnut (American and British English) or donut (American English) (both: or ; see etymology section) is a type of fried dough confection or dessert food.

Pastry

pastriespastry doughcrust
Major categories include cakes, sweet pastries, doughnuts, scones, and cookies.
Sweetened pastries are often described as bakers' confectionery.

Medieval cuisine

Middle Agesmedievalcooking
Traditional confectionery goes back to ancient times and continued to be eaten through the Middle Ages into the modern era.
Before a meal, the stomach would preferably be "opened" with an apéritif (from Latin aperire, "to open") that was preferably of a hot and dry nature: confections made from sugar- or honey-coated spices like ginger, caraway and seeds of anise, fennel or cumin, wine and sweetened fortified milk drinks.

List of candies

boiled sweetsList of Polish candyvarieties of sugar confectionery
The words candy (US and Canada), sweets (UK and Ireland), and lollies (Australia and New Zealand) are common words for the most common varieties of sugar confectionery.
Confectionery

Candy bar

chocolate barcandy barschocolate bars
In 1847, the candy bar was invented by Joseph Fry, who discovered a way to mix melted cacao butter back into cocoa powder along with sugar by creating a paste that could press into a mold.
A candy bar is a type of sugar confectionery that is in the shape of a bar.

Toffee

English Toffeetoffeestoffies
Dodol: A toffee-like delicacy popular in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Toffee is a confection made by caramelizing sugar or molasses (creating inverted sugar) along with butter, and occasionally flour.

Halva

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Halvah: Confectionery based on tahini, a paste made from ground sesame seeds.
Halva (halawa, alva, haleweh, halava, helava, helva, halwa, halua, aluva, chalva, chałwa, halvah ) is any of various dense, sweet confections with roots in West Asia (Levant), Central Asia or the Indian subcontinent.

Cookie

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Major categories include cakes, sweet pastries, doughnuts, scones, and cookies.
Cookies also may be decorated with an icing, especially chocolate, and closely resemble a type of confectionery.

Dragée

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Dragée: Sugar-coated almonds and other types of sugar panned candies.
A dragée is a bite-sized form of confectionery with a hard outer shell—which is often used for another purpose (e.g. decorative, symbolic, medicinal, etc.) in addition to consumption.

Praline

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Chocolates: Bite-sized confectioneries generally made with chocolate, considered different from a candy bar made of chocolate.
Praline (New Orleans, Cajun and ) is a form of confection containing at a minimum nuts and sugar; cream is a common third ingredient.

Dodol

Dodol GarutMont kalama
Dodol: A toffee-like delicacy popular in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Dodol is a sweet toffee-like sugar palm-based confection commonly found in Southeast Asia and South Asia.

Rock candy

rock sugarmisriAmber Sugar Crystals
In Britain, Ireland, and some Commonwealth countries, sweets (the Scottish Gaelic word suiteis is a derivative). Candy is used specifically for rock candy and occasionally for (brittle) boiled sweets. Lollies are boiled sweets fixed on sticks. Hard candy: Based on sugars cooked to the hard-crack stage. Examples include lollipops, jawbreakers (or gobstoppers), lemon drops, peppermint drops and disks, candy canes, rock candy, etc. Also included are types often mixed with nuts such as brittle.
Rock candy or sugar candy (in British English), also called rock sugar, is a type of confection composed of relatively large sugar crystals.

Brittle (food)

peanut brittlebrittlenut brittle
Hard candy: Based on sugars cooked to the hard-crack stage. Examples include lollipops, jawbreakers (or gobstoppers), lemon drops, peppermint drops and disks, candy canes, rock candy, etc. Also included are types often mixed with nuts such as brittle.
Brittle is a type of confection consisting of flat broken pieces of hard sugar candy embedded with nuts such as pecans, almonds, or peanuts.

Turkish delight

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Jelly candies: Including those based on sugar and starch, pectin, gum, or gelatin such as Turkish delight (lokum), jelly beans, gumdrops, jujubes, gummies, etc.
Turkish delight or lokum is a family of confections based on a gel of starch and sugar.

Divinity (confectionery)

Divinitypecan divinity
Divinity: A nougat-like confectionery based on egg whites with chopped nuts.
Divinity is a nougat-like confection made with egg white, corn syrup, and sugar.

Marzipan

MarsipanBadem ezmesiGoan Catholic version of marzipan
Marzipan: An almond-based confection, doughy in consistency.
Marzipan is a confection consisting primarily of sugar or honey and almond meal (ground almonds), sometimes augmented with almond oil or extract.

Marshmallow

marshmallowsfluffy confectionguimauve
Marshmallow: For example, circus peanuts.
A marshmallow is a sugar-based confectionery that in its modern form typically consists of sugar, water and gelatin whipped to a squishy consistency, molded into small cylindrical pieces, and coated with corn starch.

Sweets from the Indian subcontinent

sweetsmithaisweet from the Indian subcontinent
Mithai: A generic term for confectionery in the Indian subcontinent, typically made from dairy products and/or some form of flour. Sugar or molasses are used as sweeteners.
Sweets from the Indian subcontinent are the confectionery and desserts of the Indian subcontinent.

Liquorice (confectionery)

liquoriceblack licoricelicorice
Liquorice: Containing extract of the liquorice root, this candy is chewier and more resilient than gums or gelatin candies. For example, Liquorice allsorts. It has a similar taste to star anise.
Liquorice (British English) or licorice (American English) is a confection usually flavoured with the extract of the roots of the liquorice plant Glycyrrhiza glabra.

Liquorice allsorts

liquorice allsortBassettsBassetts Licorice Allsorts
Liquorice: Containing extract of the liquorice root, this candy is chewier and more resilient than gums or gelatin candies. For example, Liquorice allsorts. It has a similar taste to star anise.
Liquorice allsorts are assorted liquorice confectionery sold as a mixture.

Tablet (confectionery)

Tabletsugary confection
Tablet: A crumbly milk-based soft and hard candy, based on sugars cooked to the soft ball stage. Comes in several forms, such as wafers and heart shapes. Not to be confused with tableting, a method of candy production.
Tablet (taiblet in Scots ) is a medium-hard, sugary confection from Scotland.

Rock (confectionery)

rockBlackpool rockpeppermint rocks
For example, visitors to Vienna eat Sachertorte and visitors to seaside resorts in the UK eat Blackpool rock candy.
Rock (often known by its place of origin, for instance Blackpool rock or Brighton rock) is a type of hard stick-shaped boiled sugar confectionery most usually flavoured with peppermint or spearmint.

Caramel corn

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Many sugar confections, especially caramel-coated popcorn and the different kinds of sugar candy, are defined in US law as foods of minimal nutritional value.
Caramel corn or caramel popcorn is a confection made of popcorn coated with a sugar or molasses based caramel candy shell.