Congress of the Philippines

CongressPhilippine CongressPhilippine LegislatureCongressman17th CongressCongressionalNational AssemblyrepresentativeAct of CongressBicameral Congress
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House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
| houses = Senate House of Representatives | meeting_place = Senate: Government Service Insurance System Building, Pasay House of Representatives: Batasang Pambansa Complex, Quezon City
The House of Representatives of the Philippines (, Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas), is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines.

Senate of the Philippines

SenateSenatorSenator of the Philippines
| houses = Senate House of Representatives | meeting_place = Senate: Government Service Insurance System Building, Pasay House of Representatives: Batasang Pambansa Complex, Quezon City
The Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Senado ng Pilipinas, also Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or "upper chamber") is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress; the House of Representatives is the lower house.

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo

Gloria Macapagal-ArroyoArroyoPresident Arroyo
| leader2 = Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is a Filipino professor and politician who was the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 until 2010, as the 10th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, as the deputy speaker of the 17th Congress from 2016 to 2017, and a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga since 2010.

Quezon City

CubaoNovalichesQuezon
| meeting_place = Senate: Government Service Insurance System Building, Pasay House of Representatives: Batasang Pambansa Complex, Quezon City
Quezon City hosts a number of government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex (the seat of the House of Representatives, the lower chamber of the Philippine Congress), and the Quezon City Reception House (the current seat of the Vice President of the Philippines).

List of Philippine Senate committees

Philippine Senate Agrarian Reform CommitteePhilippine Senate National Defense and Security CommitteeSenate Committee
| joint_committees = [[List of Philippine Senate committees#Congressional ad hoc and oversight committees|Joint committees are chaired by senators]]
This is a complete list of Philippine Congressional committees (standing committees, and special committees) that are currently operating in the Senate of the Philippines, the upper house of the Philippine Congress.

Cities of the Philippines

CityComponentcities
Several cities also have their own congressional districts, with some composed of two or more representatives.
As corporate entities, cities have the power to take, purchase, receive, hold, lease, convey, and dispose of real and personal property for its general interests, condemn private property for public use (eminent domain), contract and be contracted with, sue and exercise all the powers conferred to it by Congress.

Batasang Pambansa Complex

Batasang Pambansa
| meeting_place = Senate: Government Service Insurance System Building, Pasay House of Representatives: Batasang Pambansa Complex, Quezon City
Under the 1973 constitution, it replaced the bicameral Congress of the Philippines established under the 1935 Commonwealth constitution.

Philippines

🇵🇭FilipinoPhilippine
The Congress of the Philippines ({{lang-fil|Kongreso ng Pilipinas}}), is the national legislature of the Philippines. Upon the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, Republic Act No. 6 was enacted providing that on the date of the proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines, the existing Congress would be known as the First Congress of the Republic. When the Philippines was under American colonial rule, the legislative body was the Philippine Commission which existed from 1900 to 1907.
The bicameral Congress is composed of the Senate, serving as the upper house, with members elected to a six-year term, and the House of Representatives, serving as the lower house, with members elected to a three-year term.

Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines

SpeakerHouse SpeakerSpeaker of the House of Representatives
| leader2_type = Speaker of the House of Representatives Through the leadership of then Speaker Sergio Osmeña and then Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress was substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives, as well as the fourth highest and most powerful official of the Government of the Philippines.

Philippine Legislature

bicameral legislature
The Philippine Bill of 1902 mandated the creation of a bicameral or a two-chamber Philippine Legislature with the Philippine Commission as the Upper House and the Philippine Assembly as the Lower House.
The Philippine Legislature was the legislature of the Philippines from 1907 to 1935, during the American colonial period, and predecessor of the current Congress of the Philippines.

List of Philippine laws

Republic ActCommonwealth ActAct
Upon the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, Republic Act No. 6 was enacted providing that on the date of the proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines, the existing Congress would be known as the First Congress of the Republic.
Only laws passed by the Congress of the Philippines and other preceding bodies are listed here, and exclude presidential decrees and other executive issuances which may otherwise carry the force of law.

President of the Philippines

PresidentPhilippine PresidentPresidents
The President may, however, call special sessions which are usually held between regular legislative sessions to handle emergencies or urgent matters.
The State of the Nation Address (abbreviated SONA) is an annual event in the Philippines, in which the President of the Philippines reports on the status of the nation, normally to the resumption of a joint session of the Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate).

Provinces of the Philippines

provinceprovincesprovince of the Philippines
All provinces in the country are composed of at least one congressional district.
Shariff Kabunsuan (2006–2008) – Republic Act No. 9054 conferred to the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao expanded powers, especially the capacity to create provinces (Article VI, Section 19). Based on this, the ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly enacted Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act No. 201 on 28 August 2006. The Act created a new province, comprising all the municipalities in the first congressional district of Maguindanao (except Cotabato City), with its capital at Datu Odin Sinsuat. The province's creation was approved on 28 October 2006 by a majority vote in a plebiscite. Responding to requests for clarification as to which congressional districts form Shariff Kabunsuan for the 2007 elections (specifically whether Cotabato City was part of the representation of the new province), COMELEC issued Resolution No. 7845, which initially held Cotabato City to be the sole remaining LGU in the First District of Maguindanao. COMELEC later amended this with Resolution No. 7902, which maintained the status quo before the province's creation. The COMELEC resolutions became the subject of a case in which the Supreme Court opined that because "the power to create new a province or city inherently involves the power to create a legislative district"—a power that Congress did not explicitly delegate to the ARMM Regional Assembly—the creation of a province by a lower legislative body (the ARMM Regional Assembly) will necessarily entail the creation of a legislative district for a higher legislative body (Congress). Therefore, on July 16, 2008, the Supreme Court declared Section 19, Article VI of RA No. 9054 unconstitutional, MMA Act No. 201 void, and COMELEC Resolution No. 7902 valid.

Corazon Aquino

Corazon C. AquinoAquinoCorazon "Cory" Aquino
Marcos was overthrown after the 1986 People Power Revolution; President Corazon Aquino then ruled by decree.
As President, Aquino oversaw the promulgation of the 1987 Constitution, which limited the powers of the Presidency and re-established the bicameral Congress.

Commission on Appointments

CA
Confirming presidential appointees through the Commission on Appointments;
The Commission on Appointments (, abbreviated as CA) is a body of the Congress of the Philippines as provided by the Constitution.

Manuel L. Quezon

Manuel QuezonQuezonPresident Quezon
Through the leadership of then Speaker Sergio Osmeña and then Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress was substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature.
In 1938, President Quezon enlarged the composition of the Council of State through Executive Order No. 44. This highest of advisory bodies to the President was henceforth to be composed of the President, the Vice-President, Senate President, House Speaker, Senate President pro tempore, House Speaker pro tempore, Majority Floor leader of both chambers of Congress, former Presidents of the Philippines, and some three to five prominent citizens.

Sergio Osmeña

OsmeñaSergio Suico OsmeñaOsmena
Through the leadership of then Speaker Sergio Osmeña and then Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress was substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature.
Prompted by this congressional action, President Sergio Osmeña called the Philippine Congress to a three-day special session.

Commonwealth of the Philippines

PhilippinesCommonwealthPhilippine Commonwealth
The 1935 Constitution, aside from instituting the Commonwealth which gave the Filipinos more role in government, established a unicameral National Assembly.
During 1939 and 1940, after an amendment in the Commonwealth's Constitution, a bicameral Congress, consisting of a Senate, and of a House of Representatives, was restored, replacing the National Assembly.

National Assembly of the Philippines

National AssemblyPhilippine National AssemblyAssembly
The 1935 Constitution, aside from instituting the Commonwealth which gave the Filipinos more role in government, established a unicameral National Assembly.
It provided for the replacement of the National Assembly by the Congress of the Philippines, composed of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

List of Philippine House of Representatives committees

Committee on Local GovernmentcommitteesHouse Committee on Health
List of Philippine House committees
This is a complete list of Philippine Congressional committees (standing committees, and special committees) that are currently operating in the House of Representatives of the Philippines, the lower house of the Philippine Congress.

Philippine Commission

ActAmerican colonial administrationCommissioner
The Philippine Bill of 1902 mandated the creation of a bicameral or a two-chamber Philippine Legislature with the Philippine Commission as the Upper House and the Philippine Assembly as the Lower House. When the Philippines was under American colonial rule, the legislative body was the Philippine Commission which existed from 1900 to 1907.
*Congress of the Philippines

Batasang Pambansa

ParliamentBatasan Pambansa ComplexBatasang Pambansa Complex
It abolished the bicameral Congress and created a unicameral National Assembly, which would ultimately be known as the Batasang Pambansa in a semi-presidential system of government.
The Batasan was instituted under the 1973 Constitution promulgated by then-President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the earlier Congress of the Philippines established by the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution.

Prime Minister of the Philippines

Prime Ministercomplete listMinistries involved
The batasan elected a prime minister.
On April 7, 1978, the first election for the Batasang Pambansa, was held since the abolition of the bicameral Congress under the 1973 Constitution.

People Power Revolution

EDSA Revolution1986 EDSA Revolution1986 People Power Revolution
Marcos was overthrown after the 1986 People Power Revolution; President Corazon Aquino then ruled by decree.
President Marcos also dissolved the Philippine Congress and shut down media establishments critical of the Marcos Administration.