Congress of the Philippines

CongressPhilippine CongressPhilippine LegislatureCongressmanCongressionalNational Assemblyrepresentative17th CongressAct of CongressBicameral Congress
The Congress of the Philippines is the national legislature of the Philippines.wikipedia
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House of Representatives of the Philippines

DistrictHouse of RepresentativesPhilippine House of Representatives
It is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate (upper chamber), and the House of Representatives (lower chamber), although colloquially, the term "congress" commonly refers to just the latter.
The House of Representatives of the Philippines (, Cámara de Representantes de Filipinas) is the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines.

Senate of the Philippines

SenateSenatorPhilippine Senate
It is a bicameral body consisting of the Senate (upper chamber), and the House of Representatives (lower chamber), although colloquially, the term "congress" commonly refers to just the latter.
The Senate of the Philippines (Filipino: Senado ng Pilipinas, also Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or "upper chamber") is the upper house of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress; the House of Representatives is the lower house.

Cities of the Philippines

CityComponentcities
Several cities also have their own congressional districts, with some composed of two or more representatives.
As corporate entities, cities have the power to take, purchase, receive, hold, lease, convey, and dispose of real and personal property for its general interests, condemn private property for public use (eminent domain), contract and be contracted with, sue and exercise all the powers conferred to it by Congress.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The Congress of the Philippines is the national legislature of the Philippines. Upon the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, Republic Act No.
The bicameral Congress is composed of the Senate, serving as the upper house, with members elected to a six-year term, and the House of Representatives, serving as the lower house, with members elected to a three-year term.

Philippine Legislature

bicameral legislature
The Philippine Bill of 1902 mandated the creation of a bicameral or a two-chamber Philippine Legislature with the Philippine Commission as the Upper House and the Philippine Assembly as the Lower House.
The Philippine Legislature was the legislature of the Philippines from 1907 to 1935, during the American colonial period, and predecessor of the current Congress of the Philippines.

List of Philippine laws

Republic ActBatas PambansaCommonwealth Act
Upon the inauguration of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, Republic Act No.
Only laws passed by the Congress of the Philippines and other preceding bodies are listed here; presidential decrees and other executive issuances which may otherwise carry the force of law are excluded.

Corazon Aquino

Corazon C. AquinoCory AquinoCorazón Aquino
Marcos was overthrown after the 1986 People Power Revolution; President Corazon Aquino then ruled by decree.
As President, Aquino oversaw the promulgation of the 1987 Constitution, which limited the powers of the Presidency and re-established the bicameral Congress.

President of the Philippines

PresidentPhilippine PresidentPresidents
The President may, however, call special sessions which are usually held between regular legislative sessions to handle emergencies or urgent matters.
The State of the Nation Address (abbreviated SONA) is an annual event in the Philippines, in which the President of the Philippines reports on the status of the nation, normally to the resumption of a joint session of the Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate).

Provinces of the Philippines

provinceprovincesPhilippine province
All provinces in the country are composed of at least one congressional district.

Commission on Appointments

CACommission on Appointment
While often associated with the Congress of the Philippines, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and mistakenly referred to as a congressional committee, the Commission on Appointments is an independent body from the legislature although its membership is confined to members of the Congress

Manuel L. Quezon

Manuel QuezonManuel Luis QuezonQuezon
Through the leadership of then Speaker Sergio Osmeña and then-Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress were substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature.
144''. This highest of advisory bodies to the President was henceforth to be composed of the President, the Vice-President, Senate President, House Speaker, Senate President pro tempore, House Speaker pro tempore, Majority Floor leader of both chambers of Congress, former Presidents of the Philippines, and some three to five prominent citizens.

Sergio Osmeña

OsmeñaSergio OsmenaSergio Osmeña Sr.
Through the leadership of then Speaker Sergio Osmeña and then-Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress were substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature.
Prompted by this congressional action, President Sergio Osmeña called the Philippine Congress to a three-day special session.

Quezon City

CubaoDilimanNovaliches
Marcos built a new seat of a unicameral parliament at Quezon City, which would eventually be the Batasang Pambansa Complex.
Quezon City hosts a number of government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex (the seat of the House of Representatives, the lower chamber of the Philippine Congress), and the Quezon City Reception House (the current seat of the Vice President of the Philippines).

Legislative districts of the Philippines

Districtlegislative districts1st District
Changes in the composition of legislative districts were later added as new provinces and cities were created, and the composition was modified through laws enacted by Congress.

Commonwealth of the Philippines

Philippine CommonwealthPhilippinesCommonwealth
The 1935 Constitution, aside from instituting the Commonwealth which gave the Filipinos more role in government, established a unicameral National Assembly.
During 1939 and 1940, after an amendment in the Commonwealth's Constitution, a bicameral Congress, consisting of a Senate, and of a House of Representatives, was restored, replacing the National Assembly.

National Assembly of the Philippines

National AssemblyPhilippine National AssemblyAssembly
The 1935 Constitution, aside from instituting the Commonwealth which gave the Filipinos more role in government, established a unicameral National Assembly.
It provided for the replacement of the National Assembly by the Congress of the Philippines, composed of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

List of Philippine Senate committees

Philippine Senate Cultural Communities CommitteeSenate Committee40 standing committees
This is a complete list of Philippine Congressional committees (standing committees, and special committees) that are currently operating in the Senate of the Philippines, the upper house of the Philippine Congress.

Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines

SpeakerHouse SpeakerSpeaker of the House of Representatives
Through the leadership of then Speaker Sergio Osmeña and then-Floor Leader Manuel L. Quezon, the Rules of the 59th United States Congress were substantially adopted as the Rules of the Philippine Legislature.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines is the presiding officer and the highest-ranking official of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives, as well as the fourth highest and most powerful official of the Government of the Philippines.

List of Philippine House of Representatives committees

List of Philippine House committeesCommittee on Local Governmentcommittees
This is a complete list of Philippine Congressional committees (standing committees, and special committees) that are currently operating in the House of Representatives of the Philippines, the lower house of the Philippine Congress.

People Power Revolution

EDSA Revolution1986 EDSA Revolution1986 People Power Revolution
Marcos was overthrown after the 1986 People Power Revolution; President Corazon Aquino then ruled by decree.
President Marcos also dissolved the Philippine Congress and shut down media establishments critical of the Marcos Administration.

Batasang Pambansa Complex

Batasang PambansaBatasan
Marcos built a new seat of a unicameral parliament at Quezon City, which would eventually be the Batasang Pambansa Complex. In what could be a unique setup, the two houses of Congress meet at different places in Metro Manila, the seat of government: the Senate sits at a building shared with the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) at Pasay, while the House of Representatives sits at the Batasang Pambansa Complex.
Under the 1973 constitution, it replaced the bicameral Congress of the Philippines established under the 1935 Commonwealth constitution.

Prime Minister of the Philippines

Prime Ministercomplete listMinistries involved
The batasan elected a prime minister.
On April 7, 1978, the first election for the Batasang Pambansa, was held since the abolition of the bicameral Congress under the 1973 Constitution.

Batasang Pambansa

Batasan PambansaBatasan Pambansa ComplexBatasang Pambansâ
It abolished the bicameral Congress and created a unicameral National Assembly, which would ultimately be known as the Batasang Pambansa in a semi-presidential system of government.
The Batasan was instituted under the 1973 Constitution promulgated by then-President Ferdinand Marcos, replacing the earlier Congress of the Philippines established by the 1935 Commonwealth Constitution.

Nationalist People's Coalition

NPCNationalist Peoples CoalitionNationalist People’s Coalition
In Background Note: Philippines, under Government and Political Relations, the U.S. Department of State writes: "Members of the Congress tend to have weak party loyalties and change party affiliation easily. There is no clear majority in the Senate, which changed its President in 2006."