Conquest of Shu by Wei

fall of ShuShu was conqueredWei invasion of Shuconqueredconquest of Shua campaigncampaignconquer Shuconquestfall of Shu Han
The Conquest of Shu by Wei was a military campaign launched by the state of Cao Wei ("Wei") against its rival Shu Han ("Shu") in late 263 during the Three Kingdoms period of China.wikipedia
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Three Kingdoms

Three Kingdoms periodThree Kingdoms eraThe Three Kingdoms
The Conquest of Shu by Wei was a military campaign launched by the state of Cao Wei ("Wei") against its rival Shu Han ("Shu") in late 263 during the Three Kingdoms period of China.
The later part of the era was marked by the conquest of Shu by Wei (263), the usurpation of Wei by the Jin dynasty (266), and the conquest of Wu by the Jin (280).

Jiang Wei's Northern Expeditions

a series of military campaignsa military campaignanother 11 military campaigns
However, between 240 and 262, the Shu general Jiang Wei followed up on Zhuge Liang's legacy by launching another 11 military campaigns against Wei.
The campaigns drained Shu's already limited resources and preceded the eventual fall of Shu in 263.

Jiang Wei

BoyueJiang JiongKeung Wai
However, between 240 and 262, the Shu general Jiang Wei followed up on Zhuge Liang's legacy by launching another 11 military campaigns against Wei.
In 263, when Wei launched a massive invasion of Shu, Jiang Wei led Shu forces to resist the invaders at Tazhong, Yinping and Jiange, but he was caught off guard when the Wei forces under Deng Ai took a shortcut and showed up at Chengdu unexpectedly.

Zhong Hui

Among those he consulted, only Zhong Hui agreed that Wei was capable of conquering Shu.
In 263, the Wei imperial court ordered Zhong Hui, Deng Ai and Zhuge Xu to lead separate armies to attack and conquer Wei's rival state, Shu Han.

Deng Ai

Deng Zhong
The Wei general Deng Ai, who had been leading Wei forces to resist multiple Shu incursions along the Wei–Shu border since 255, voiced strong objections to the campaign against Shu.
He is best known for his pivotal role in the Wei conquest of its rival state, Shu, in 263.

Cao Wei

WeiKingdom of WeiWei Dynasty
The Conquest of Shu by Wei was a military campaign launched by the state of Cao Wei ("Wei") against its rival Shu Han ("Shu") in late 263 during the Three Kingdoms period of China.
In 263, Wei armies led by Zhong Hui and Deng Ai conquered Shu.

Huang Hao

The eunuch Huang Hao, whom Liu Shan trusted, believed fortune-tellers' prediction that Wei would not invade Shu, so he advised the emperor to ignore Jiang Wei's memorial and not put it up for discussion in the imperial court.
Highly favoured by Liu Shan, he was commonly blamed for misguiding the latter into surrendering to Shu's rival state, Cao Wei, in 263 during the Wei invasion of Shu.

Eastern Wu

WuKingdom of WuWu Kingdom
The other two, Shu and Wu, reestablished their alliance against Wei in 223.
Sun Xiu died of illness in 264, a year after Shu was conquered by Wei.

Zhuge Liang

Zhuge(Zhuge) LiangChu-kot Leung
Between 228 and 234, the Shu regent Zhuge Liang, who advocated an aggressive foreign policy towards Wei, launched a series of five military campaigns (known as the "Northern Expeditions") to attack Wei territories in Yong and Liang provinces (covering parts of present-day Gansu and Shaanxi).
His elder son, Zhuge Zhan, served as a general in Shu and was killed in action during the Conquest of Shu by Wei.

Qian Hong (Jin dynasty)

Qian Hong
Between 20 October and 17 November 263, Sima Zhao ordered three commandery administrators to lead their garrison forces to join the campaign: Wang Qi to lead troops from Tianshui Commandery to attack Jiang Wei's camp; Qian Hong to lead troops from Longxi Commandery and launch a frontal assault on Jiang Wei's position; and Yang Xin to lead troops from Jincheng Commandery (金城郡; around present-day Yuzhong County, Gansu) to attack Gansong.
In 263, he participated in the campaign against Wei's rival state, Shu Han, as a subordinate of the Wei general Deng Ai.

Zhang Yi (Bogong)

Zhang Yi
At the same time, they also sent Zhang Yi, Dong Jue and others to lead troops to Yang'an Pass (陽安關; a.k.a. Yangping Pass 陽平關; in present-day Ningqiang County, Shaanxi) and assist the Shu forces defending the external perimeter.
In 263, he surrendered to Wei forces along with the Shu emperor Liu Shan when Wei launched a large-scale invasion of Shu.

Dong Jue

At the same time, they also sent Zhang Yi, Dong Jue and others to lead troops to Yang'an Pass (陽安關; a.k.a. Yangping Pass 陽平關; in present-day Ningqiang County, Shaanxi) and assist the Shu forces defending the external perimeter.
He continued serving as an official in the state of Cao Wei, which conquered Shu Han in 263.

Shu Han

ShuKingdom of ShuShu-Han
The Conquest of Shu by Wei was a military campaign launched by the state of Cao Wei ("Wei") against its rival Shu Han ("Shu") in late 263 during the Three Kingdoms period of China. The other two, Shu and Wu, reestablished their alliance against Wei in 223.

Fu Qian

The Shu general Fu Qian was in charge of guarding Yang'an Pass.
In 263, during the campaign on Shu by the rival state of Cao Wei, Fu Qian was sent into battle to resist the enemy.

Zhuge Xu

In 263, he participated in the campaign against one of Wei's rival states, Shu.

Xu Chu

Xu ZhuXu YiHui Chu
Zhong Hui had ordered Xu Yi, a son of the veteran Wei general Xu Chu, to oversee the construction of a road leading into Shu.
In 263, when the Wei state launched a major campaign to conquer its rival state Shu, Xu Yi served as an officer under the Wei general Zhong Hui, who tasked him with overseeing the construction of a road leading into Shu.

Jiang Wan

Gongyan
After Zhuge Liang died in 234, his successors Jiang Wan and Fei Yi adopted a more defensive stance against Wei and focused on policies promoting internal development and stability in Shu. In 258, Jiang Wei ordered Hu Ji, Jiang Bin and Wang Han, who oversaw Hanzhong's defences, to dismantle the interlocking camps and move their troops and resources to Hanshou (漢壽; northeast of present-day Jiange County, Sichuan), Hancheng and Lecheng respectively.
In 263, during the Wei invasion of Shu, when Wei general Zhong Hui and his troops approached Hancheng County, he wrote a letter to Jiang Bin as follows: "There are many talented and virtuous people in Shu. People like you and Zhuge Siyuan are like me and there are so many others like you too. It has been our ancestors' practice to pay respects to great sages of the past. Today, when I come to Shu, I want to visit your father's tomb, clean it up, and pay my respects to him. I hope you will tell me where it is."

Sichuan

Sichuan ProvinceSzechuanSzechwan
In 258, Jiang Wei ordered Hu Ji, Jiang Bin and Wang Han, who oversaw Hanzhong's defences, to dismantle the interlocking camps and move their troops and resources to Hanshou (漢壽; northeast of present-day Jiange County, Sichuan), Hancheng and Lecheng respectively.
In 263, the Jin dynasty of North China, conquered the Kingdom of Shu-Han as its first step on the path to reunify China, under their rule.

Zhuge Shang

Zhuge Zhan, along with his son Zhuge Shang and subordinates Huang Chong, Li Qiu and Zhang Zun, were all killed in action at Mianzhu.
In 263, Deng Ai, a general from Shu's rival state Cao Wei, led an army to attack Shu and showed up in Fu (涪; in present-day Mianyang, Sichuan) after taking a shortcut from Yinping (陰平; present-day Wen County, Longnan, Gansu).

Liao Hua

Liao ChunLiu Fa
Upon receiving news of the Wei invasion, the Shu government ordered Liao Hua to lead reinforcements to support Jiang Wei at Tazhong.
In late 263, Shu's rival state, Cao Wei, launched a campaign to conquer Shu and succeeded in doing so within a year when the Shu emperor Liu Shan surrendered.

Tian Xu

Zhong Hui led his army to Fu County and ordered Hu Lie, Tian Xu, Pang Hui and others to lead troops to pursue Jiang Wei.
In 263, Tian Xu participated in the campaign against Wei's rival state, Shu Han, as an officer under the Wei general Deng Ai.

Qiao Zhou

Liu Shan ultimately heeded Qiao Zhou's suggestion to give up resistance and surrender to Deng Ai.
Qiao Zhou served in the Shu government from the time when Liu Bei ascended the throne (in 221) to the fall of Shu in 263.

Wei Guan

In late February 264, the Wei imperial court ordered Zhong Hui and Wei Guan to arrest Deng Ai, relieve him of his command, and send him back to Luoyang in a prison cart.
After the fall of Shu that year, Zhong Hui planned a rebellion, and the first step of his preparation was to falsely accuse Deng Ai of treason.

Zhang Fei

Cheung FeiZhang YideZhang Zun
Zhuge Zhan, along with his son Zhuge Shang and subordinates Huang Chong, Li Qiu and Zhang Zun, were all killed in action at Mianzhu.
In 263, during the Conquest of Shu by Wei, he followed Zhuge Zhan to defend Mianzhu from the Wei general Deng Ai but was killed in action.

Luo Xian

Yan Yu's deputy, Luo Xian, remained behind with only 2,000 troops to guard Yong'an (永安; present-day Fengjie County, Chongqing), the capital of Badong Commandery.
He is best known for defending his position at Yong'an (present-day Fengjie County, Chongqing) for about six months against attacks from Shu's former ally state Wu after the fall of Shu.