Conquistador

conquistadorsconquistadoresSpanish conquistadorsSpanish conquistadorSpanish explorersSpanish ConquistadoresSpanishSpaniardsconquerorSpanish conquerors
Conquistadors (, also,, ; from Spanish and ) were the knights, soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire.wikipedia
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Hernán Cortés

CortésHernan CortesCortez
From 1519 to 1521, Hernán Cortés waged a campaign against the Aztec Empire, ruled by Moctezuma II.
Don Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro Altamirano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca (1485 – December 2, 1547) was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of what is now mainland Mexico under the rule of the King of Castile in the early 16th century.

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

Spanish conquestSpanish conquest of MexicoConquest
From 1519 to 1521, Hernán Cortés waged a campaign against the Aztec Empire, ruled by Moctezuma II.
There are multiple 16th-century narratives of the events by Spanish conquerors, their indigenous allies, and the defeated Aztecs.

Juan Ponce de León

Ponce de LeonPonce de LeónExpedition of Juan Ponce de León
Florida fell to Juan Ponce de León after 1513.
Juan Ponce de León (1474 – July 1521 ), commonly known as Ponce de León (, also, ), was a Spanish explorer and conquistador known for leading the first official European expedition to Florida and the first governor of Puerto Rico.

Francisco Pizarro

PizarroFrancisco PizzaroFrancisco
As Francisco Pizarro subdued the empire in a manner similar to Cortés other conquistadores used Peru as base for conquering much of Ecuador and Chile. After present-day Peruvian territories fell to Spain, Francisco Pizarro dispatched El Adelantado, Diego de Almagro, before they became enemies to the Inca Empire's northern city of Quito to claim it.
1471-1476 – 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who led the Spanish conquest of Peru.

Age of Discovery

Age of ExplorationAge of Discoveriesexplorer
During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes.
East and west exploration overlapped in 1522, when a Castilian (Spanish) expedition, led by Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan and later by Spanish Basque navigator Juan Sebastián Elcano, sailing westward, completed the first circumnavigation of the world, while Spanish conquistadors explored the interior of the Americas, and later, some of the South Pacific islands.

Moctezuma II

MontezumaMoctezumaMoctezuma Xocoyotzin
From 1519 to 1521, Hernán Cortés waged a campaign against the Aztec Empire, ruled by Moctezuma II.
The first contact between indigenous civilizations of Mesoamerica and Europeans took place during his reign, and he was killed during the initial stages of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, when conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men fought to take over the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaMaynila
Conquistadors founded numerous cities, many of them on locations with pre-existing pre-colonial settlements including Manila and the capitals of most Latin American countries.
The Spanish city of Manila was founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi.

Paraguay

ParaguayanRepublic of ParaguayEstablished
In Colombia, Bolivia, and Argentina conquistadors from Peru linked up with other conquistadors arriving more directly from the Caribbean and Río de la Plata-Paraguay respectively.
Spanish conquistadores arrived in 1524 after navigating northwards from the Río de la Plata to the Paraná River, and finally up the Paraguay River.

Florida

FLState of FloridaFloridian
Florida fell to Juan Ponce de León after 1513.
The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León.

Bolivia

BOLBolivianPlurinational State of Bolivia
In Colombia, Bolivia, and Argentina conquistadors from Peru linked up with other conquistadors arriving more directly from the Caribbean and Río de la Plata-Paraguay respectively.
Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
Other conquistadors took over the Inca Empire after crossing the Isthmus of Panama and sailing the Pacific to northern Peru.
An alternative history is provided by the contemporary writer Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, son of an Inca princess and a conquistador.

Chile

Republic of ChileChileanCHI
As Francisco Pizarro subdued the empire in a manner similar to Cortés other conquistadores used Peru as base for conquering much of Ecuador and Chile.
The Spanish conquistadors heard about this name from the Incas, and the few survivors of Diego de Almagro's first Spanish expedition south from Peru in 1535–36 called themselves the "men of Chilli".

Nikolaus Federmann

Nicolaus FedermannNicolás de FedermanFedermann
German-born Nikolaus Federmann, Hispanicised as Nicolás de Federmán, was a conquistador in Venezuela and Colombia.
1505, Ulm – February 1542, Valladolid) was a German adventurer and conquistador in the colonies of Venezuela and Colombia.

Colombia

COLRepublic of ColombiaColombian
In Colombia, Bolivia, and Argentina conquistadors from Peru linked up with other conquistadors arriving more directly from the Caribbean and Río de la Plata-Paraguay respectively.
Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada led an expedition to the interior in April 1536, and christened the districts through which he passed "New Kingdom of Granada".

Diego de Almagro

AlmagroAlmagristasDiego Almagro
After present-day Peruvian territories fell to Spain, Francisco Pizarro dispatched El Adelantado, Diego de Almagro, before they became enemies to the Inca Empire's northern city of Quito to claim it.
1475 – July 8, 1538), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo, was a Spanish conquistador known for his exploits in western South America.

Aleixo Garcia

Alejo García
The Venetian Sebastiano Caboto was Sebastián Caboto, Georg von Speyer Hispanicised as Jorge de la Espira, Eusebio Francesco Chini Hispanicised as Eusebio Kino, Wenceslaus Linck was Wenceslao Linck, Ferdinand Konščak, was Fernando Consag, Amerigo Vespucci was Américo Vespucio, and the Portuguese Aleixo Garcia was known as Alejo García in the Castilian army.
1525 Paraguay) was a Portuguese explorer and conquistador who explored the Rio de la Plata in service to Spain, and later Paraguay and Bolivia.

Sebastián de Belalcázar

Sebastián de BenalcázarSebastian de BelalcázarBenalcazar
Their fellow conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar, who had gone forth without Pizarro's approval, had already reached Quito.
Sebastián de Belalcázar (1479/1480 – 1551) was a Spanish conquistador.

Hernando Pizarro

HernandoHernándo Pizarro
De Almagro was executed in 1538, by Hernando Pizarro's orders.
Hernando Pizarro y de Vargas (born between 1501 and 1508, died 1578) was a Spanish conquistador and one of the Pizarro brothers who ruled over Peru.

Pedro de Alvarado

AlvaradoPedro of AlvaradoDon Pedro de Alvarado
The arrival of Pedro de Alvarado from the lands known today as Mexico in search of Inca gold further complicated the situation for De Almagro and Belalcázar.
1485 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala.

Pedro de Valdivia

Pedro ValdiviaLa muerte de Pedro de ValdiviaPedro de '''Valdivia
Gasca convinced Pedro de Valdivia, explorer of Chile, Alonso de Alvarado another searcher for El Dorado, and others that if he were unsuccessful, a royal fleet of 40 ships and 15,000 men was preparing to sail from Seville in June.
Pedro Gutiérrez de Valdivia or Valdiva (April 17, 1497 – December 25, 1553 ) was a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile.

Gonzalo Pizarro

Gonzalo
Gonzalo Pizarro, another brother of Francisco Pizarro, rose in revolt, killed viceroy Blasco Núñez Vela and most of his Spanish army in the battle in 1546, and Gonzalo attempted to have himself crowned king.
Gonzalo Pizarro y Alonso (1510 – April 10, 1548) was a Spanish conquistador and younger paternal half-brother of Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Inca Empire.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
From the territories of the Aztec Empire conquistadors expanded Spanish rule to northern Central America and parts of what is now southern and western United States and from Mexico sailing the Pacific Ocean to the Philippines.
After relocating to Panay island and consolidating an alliance of native Filipino (Visayan) allies, Hispanic soldiers and Latin-American recruits, led by conquistadors such as Mexico-born Juan de Salcedo, had invaded Muslim Manila.

Lope de Aguirre

a dramatic El Dorado expeditionLope de '''Aguirre
Pedro de Ursúa was killed by his subordinate Lope de Aguirre who crowned himself king while searching for El Dorado.
Lope de Aguirre (8 November 1510 – 27 October 1561) was a Basque Spanish conquistador who was active in South America.

El Dorado

EldoradoEl DaraAkator
Pedro de Ursúa was killed by his subordinate Lope de Aguirre who crowned himself king while searching for El Dorado.
In pursuit of the legend, Spanish conquistadors and numerous others searched what is today Colombia, Venezuela, and parts of Guyana and northern Brazil, for the city and its fabulous king.

Alonso de Alvarado

Alonzo de Alvarado
Gasca convinced Pedro de Valdivia, explorer of Chile, Alonso de Alvarado another searcher for El Dorado, and others that if he were unsuccessful, a royal fleet of 40 ships and 15,000 men was preparing to sail from Seville in June.
Alonso de Alvarado Montaya González de Cevallos y Miranda (1508–1555) was a Spanish conquistador and knight of the Order of Santiago.