The prevalence of mental illness is higher in more economically unequal countries

Federal law governs social science research that involves human subjects, and tasks institutional review boards (IRBs) at universities, federal or state agencies, and tribal organizations to oversee social science research that involves human subjects and to make decisions about whether or not informed consent is necessary for a social scientific study to go forward.

- Consent

They were often performed illegally, without the knowledge, consent, or informed consent of the test subjects.

- Human subject research
The prevalence of mental illness is higher in more economically unequal countries

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Example of informed consent document from the PARAMOUNT trial

Informed consent

Principle in medical ethics and medical law that a patient should have sufficient information before making their own free decisions about their medical care.

Principle in medical ethics and medical law that a patient should have sufficient information before making their own free decisions about their medical care.

Example of informed consent document from the PARAMOUNT trial
In this Ottoman Empire document from 1539 a father promises to not sue a surgeon in case of death following the removal of his son's urinary stones.

A health care provider may ask a patient to consent to receive therapy before providing it, a clinical researcher may ask a research participant before enrolling that person into a clinical trial, and a researcher may ask a research participant before starting some form of controlled experiment.

Historians cite a series of human subject research experiments to trace the history of informed consent in research.