Conservation area (United Kingdom)

conservation areaconservation areasConservation villageconservationEnglish Conservation AreasSt Stephen's Conservation Area
In the United Kingdom, the term conservation area nearly always applies to an area (usually urban or the core of a village) of special architectural or historic interest the character of which is considered worthy of preservation or enhancement.wikipedia
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Stamford, Lincolnshire

StamfordStamford, EnglandStamford Art Centre
Stamford, Lincolnshire was the first conservation area to be designated.
Stamford was the first conservation area to be designated in England and Wales under the Civic Amenities Act 1967.

Listed building

Grade II listedlistedGrade II* listed
It is the role of the listed building process to protect individual buildings, although it is common for many listed buildings to also be located within designated conservation areas where those individual buildings make a contribution to the special architectural or historic character of the area.
Sometimes large areas comprising many buildings may not justify listing but receive the looser protection of designation as a conservation area.

General Permitted Development Order

permitted developmentTown and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995permitted development right
Conservation area status also removes some permitted development rights that apply in undesignated areas.

List of conservation areas in England

This article is intended to list all of the Urban Conservation Areas in England divided by Ceremonial counties of England and subdivided by the Districts/Unitary Authorities etc. Due to different local authorities constantly revising their lists of Conservation Areas this will not be a definitive list.

Urban area

Urbanurban agglomerationagglomeration
In the United Kingdom, the term conservation area nearly always applies to an area (usually urban or the core of a village) of special architectural or historic interest the character of which is considered worthy of preservation or enhancement.

Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990

planning control
The current legislation in England and Wales, the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 (Section 69 and 70), defines the quality of a conservation area as being: "the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance".

Alexandra Palace

LondonAlexandra Palace, LondonAlexandra Palace and Park
For example, in the historic centres of town and cities such as Alexandra Palace and Park; model housing estates; historic mining, fishing and transport areas e.g. Crosby Garrett and rural villages such as Osmotherley.

Crosby Garrett

Crosby Garret
For example, in the historic centres of town and cities such as Alexandra Palace and Park; model housing estates; historic mining, fishing and transport areas e.g. Crosby Garrett and rural villages such as Osmotherley.

Osmotherley, North Yorkshire

Osmotherley
For example, in the historic centres of town and cities such as Alexandra Palace and Park; model housing estates; historic mining, fishing and transport areas e.g. Crosby Garrett and rural villages such as Osmotherley.

National Planning Policy Framework

NPPF
Current Government planning policy on conservation areas is laid down (for England) mainly in section 12 'Conserving and enhancing the historic environment' of the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) and (for Wales) in Welsh Office Circular 61/96 – Planning and the Historic Environment: Historic Buildings and Conservation Areas.

Demolition

demolisheddemolishrazed
For example, demolition within conservation areas requires consent.

Historic England

Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for EnglandEnglish HeritageHistoric Building and Monuments Commission for England
In exceptional circumstances, Historic England can designate conservation areas in London, but it has to consult the relevant Borough Council and obtain the consent of the Secretary of State for Culture Media and Sport.

Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport

Secretary of State for Culture, Media and SportCulture SecretarySecretary of State for National Heritage
In exceptional circumstances, Historic England can designate conservation areas in London, but it has to consult the relevant Borough Council and obtain the consent of the Secretary of State for Culture Media and Sport.

Barnes, London

BarnesBarnes, SurreyBarnes and Mortlake History Society
Together they make up the Barnes Village conservation area where along with its west riverside, pictured, most of the mid-19th century properties are concentrated.

Bethnal Green

Globe TownBethnal Green, LondonBethnal Green Road
Part of the area has been designated by the council as a conservation area which includes a number of important listed buildings.

Bedford Park, London

Bedford ParkBedford Park EstateBedford Park Society
It forms a conservation area that is mostly within the London Borough of Ealing, with a small part to the east within the London Borough of Hounslow.

Isle of Lewis

LewisBreasclete Primary SchoolIsles of Lewis
The island's diverse habitats are home to an assortment of flora and fauna, such as the golden eagle, red deer and seal, and are recognised in a number of conservation areas.

List of conservation areas in Brighton and Hove

34 conservation areas in the city of Brighton and Hove34 conservation areas in Brighton and Hoveconservation areas in the city of Brighton and Hove
The definition of a conservation area is a principally urban area "of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance".

Old Market, Bristol

Old MarketBristolOld Market Conservation area
Old Market is a Conservation Area of national significance, to the east of the city centre in Bristol, England.

Great Malvern

Malvernmanor of Malvernthe manor of Malvern
It is a designated conservation area in recognition of the special architectural and historic interest of the area.

The Hundred Parishes

The Hundred Parishes - a grouping of parishes in NW Essex, NE Herts and southern Cambridgeshire
It contains over 6,000 listed buildings and many conservation areas, village greens, ancient hedgerows, protected features and a historical pattern of small rural settlements in close proximity to one another.