Constable

police constableconstablesDetective ConstablePCSenior ConstableDCHigh ConstableGrand ConstableConnétablepolice constables
A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement.wikipedia
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Police

policingpolice forcepolice department
A constable is a person holding a particular office, most commonly in criminal law enforcement. Most constables in modern jurisdictions are law enforcement officers; in the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth of Nations and some Continental European countries, a constable is the lowest rank of police officer (it is also, when preceded by the term 'sworn', used to describe any police officer with arrest and other powers), while in the United States a constable is generally an elected peace officer with lesser jurisdiction than a sheriff.
Members may be referred to as police officers, troopers, sheriffs, constables, rangers, peace officers or civic/civil guards.

Constable of the Tower

Constable of the Tower of LondonConstableLieutenant of the Tower
Even today, there is a Constable of the Tower of London.
In the Middle Ages a constable was the person in charge of a castle when the owner—the king or a nobleman—was not in residence.

Marshal

city marshaltown marshalmarshals
An equivalent position is that of marshal, which derives from Old High German marah "horse" and schalh "servant", and originally meant "stable keeper", which has a similar etymology.
The late Roman and Byzantine title of comes stabuli ("count of the stables") was a calque of the Germanic, which became Old French con(n)estable and modern connétable, and, borrowed from the Old French, the English word "constable".

Law enforcement officer

peace officerpeace officerslawman
Most constables in modern jurisdictions are law enforcement officers; in the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth of Nations and some Continental European countries, a constable is the lowest rank of police officer (it is also, when preceded by the term 'sworn', used to describe any police officer with arrest and other powers), while in the United States a constable is generally an elected peace officer with lesser jurisdiction than a sheriff.
The phrase can include police officers, municipal law enforcement officers, special police officers, customs officers, state troopers, special agents, secret agents, special investigators, border patrol officers, immigration officers, court officers, probation officers, parole officers, arson investigators, auxiliary officers, game wardens, sheriffs, constables, corrections, marshals, deputies, detention officers, correction officers, and public safety officers (at public institutions).

Chief constable

Senior Assistant Inspector-GeneralChief Police Officerdistrict superintendent
In addition, the chief officers of some municipal police services in Canada, notably Vancouver Police Department, carry the title of chief constable
Constable and constabulary were terms adopted in an attempt to provide a historical link with the older forces - the term is derived from the Latin comes stabuli (keeper of the stables) - and to emphasise local control.

Military rank

rankwar substantivetemporary
The title was imported to the monarchies of medieval Europe, and in many countries developed into a high military rank and great officer of State (e.g. the Constable of France, in French Connétable de France, who was the commander-in-chief of all royal armed forces (second to the king) until prime minister Cardinal Richelieu abolished the charge in 1627).
Outside of campaigns, the High Constable had authority over the local constables, and commanders of the garrisons of major castles.

Singapore Police Force

policeSingapore policeSingapore Police Force (SPF)
In Singapore, a police constable (abbreviated to PC) is the lowest rank in the Singapore Police Force.
In 1843, the force comprised a sitting magistrate doubling up as a superintendent, three European constables and an assistant native constable, 14 officers and 110 policemen.

Special Constabulary

special constablesSpecial ConstableSpecial Constabularies
From 1673 to 1831, a special constable was a citizen who was appointed to act as constable on special occasions, such as to quell a riot.
All have only the legal powers vested of a constable no matter what rank title they hold, meaning they cannot make use of legal powers that full-time officers of rank can such as authorising a search of a property belonging to a person arrested.

Cambridge University Constabulary

Cambridge University constables
The Cambridge University Constabulary is a body of constables that patrol the precincts of the University of Cambridge.

Powers of the police in England and Wales

stop and searchstopped and searchedstop-and-search
In law, police powers are given to constables (both full-time and volunteer special constables).

Collar number

shoulder numberpersonal identification numbershoulder numbers
Constables wear an epaulette attached to the uniform, displaying their collar number (also called a shoulder number).
A collar number, also known as a shoulder number, force identification number (FIN) or occasionally as force number (although this can also refer to ID number of a force itself), identifies police officers, police community support officers (PCSO), special constables (SC or SPC) and some police staff in UK police forces - other law enforcement agencies, such as Immigration Enforcement, have also adopted identification numbers.

Police ranks of the United Kingdom

Police ConstableDIrank
Constable is the first rank, one rank below a sergeant and five ranks below chief superintendent in all police forces in the United Kingdom.
When police tunics had closed collars (not open collars as worn with ties), constables and sergeants did not wear epaulettes but had their divisional call number on their collar (hence they are still often referred to as collar numbers).

New South Wales Police Force

New South Wales PoliceNSW PoliceNSW Police Force
The New South Wales Police Force has three grades of senior constable, namely senior constable (two chevrons), incremental senior constable (two chevrons and a horizontal bar) and leading senior constable (two chevrons and two horizontal bars).

Royal Newfoundland Constabulary

RNCThe Royal Newfoundland Constabulary
In Newfoundland the provincial police are the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary whereby all officers are addressed by the term "constable".

Comes

comes rei militariscomitescomes Africae
Historically, the title comes from the Latin comes stabuli (attendant to the stables, literally count of the stable) and originated from the Roman Empire; originally, the constable was the officer responsible for keeping the horses of a lord or monarch.
Others filled the highest offices, e. g. the Comes Palatii and Comes Stabuli (from which the contemporary title of "constable" derives).

Sergeant

Detective SergeantSenior SergeantSgt
The next highest rank (equivalent to a police sergeant in the English-speaking world) is ylikonstaapeli (yli- "leading"), literally "over-constable".
In the ranking system of the Indonesian police force, this rank is known as brigadir or "brigadier" which is roughly equivalent to the police constable ranks.

Police ranks and insignia of India

ACPInspectorAdditional Director-General of Police
Since each state has its own police force, the uniforms and insignia of the police vary, though the rank structure is the same.

List of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom, Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories

List of law enforcement agencies in the United KingdomPoliceList of police forces in the United Kingdom
Constable is the first rank, one rank below a sergeant and five ranks below chief superintendent in all police forces in the United Kingdom.
Members of the constabularies are sworn as constables under article 18 of the Greater London Parks and Open Spaces Order 1967.

Hong Kong Police Force

Hong Kong PoliceRoyal Hong Kong Police ForceRoyal Hong Kong Police
The Hong Kong Police Force have two ranks for constables:

Police uniforms and equipment in the United Kingdom

uniformbobbiesBritish Metropolitan Police
Constables wear an epaulette attached to the uniform, displaying their collar number (also called a shoulder number).
Officers of the rank of inspector and above wear rank badges on the epaulettes or shoulders of their tunics and shirts, while constables and sergeants also wear "collar numbers" on them.

Sri Lanka Police

policeCeylon Police ForceSri Lanka Police Service
In Sri Lanka, the Sri Lanka Police has the rank of "Police Constable" with four classes.

Sheriff

County SheriffDeputy Sheriffsheriffs
Most constables in modern jurisdictions are law enforcement officers; in the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth of Nations and some Continental European countries, a constable is the lowest rank of police officer (it is also, when preceded by the term 'sworn', used to describe any police officer with arrest and other powers), while in the United States a constable is generally an elected peace officer with lesser jurisdiction than a sheriff.
Quebec has a two-tiered court security system where armed provincial special constables perform court security and the provincial correctional officers perform prisoner escort/transport duties.

Parish constable

constableconstablewicksattendant police jurisdiction
Constables were appointed or elected at the local level for specific terms and, like their UK counterparts the parish constable, were not paid and did not wear a uniform.
The position evolved from the ancient chief pledge of a tithing, and takes its name from the office of constable, with which it was originally unconnected.

Water bailiff

water bailiffs
They may "seize and detain" any person found committing an offence against the Act and deliver such person to a constable.

Warrant (law)

warrantRoyal Warrantwarrants
However, they were often paid a fee by the courts for each writ served and warrant executed.
A warrant is usually issued by a court and is directed to a sheriff, a constable, or a police officer.