Page one of the officially engrossed copy of the Constitution signed by delegates. A print run of 500 copies of the final version preceded this copy.
Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)
Signing of the Constitution, September 17, 1787 (1940 by Howard Chandler Christy)
Constitution of the Kingdom of Naples in 1848.
Dates the 13 states ratified the Constitution
Detail from Hammurabi's stele shows him receiving the laws of Babylon from the seated sun deity.
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Diagram illustrating the classification of constitutions by Aristotle.
"We the People" in an original edition
Third volume of the compilation of Catalan Constitutions of 1585
Closing endorsement section of the United States Constitution
The Cossack Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk, 1710.
United States Bill of Rights
Currently housed in the National Archives.
A painting depicting George Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution
John Jay, 1789–1795
Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). Polish King Stanisław August (left, in regal ermine-trimmed cloak), enters St. John's Cathedral, where Sejm deputies will swear to uphold the new Constitution; in background, Warsaw's Royal Castle, where the Constitution has just been adopted.
John Marshall, 1801–1835
Presidential copy of the Russian Constitution.
Salmon P. Chase {{refn|group= lower-alpha|The Chase Court, 1864–1873, in 1865 were Salmon P. Chase (chief Justice); Hon. Nathan Clifford, Maine; Stephen J. Field, Justice Supreme Court, U.S.; Hon. Samuel F. Miller, U.S. Supreme Court; Hon. Noah H. Swayne, Justice Supreme Court, U.S.; Judge Morrison R. Waite}}
Magna Carta
William Howard Taft {{refn|group= lower-alpha|The Taft Court, 1921–1930, in 1925 were James Clark McReynolds, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., William Howard Taft (chief justice), Willis Van Devanter, Louis Brandeis. Edward Sanford, George Sutherland, Pierce Butler, Harlan Fiske Stone}}
United States Constitution
Earl Warren {{refn|group= lower-alpha|The Warren Court, 1953–1969, in 1963 were Felix Frankfurter; Hugo Black; Earl Warren (chief justice); Stanley Reed; William O. Douglas. Tom Clark; Robert H. Jackson; Harold Burton; Sherman Minton}}
William Rehnquist {{refn|group= lower-alpha|The Rehnquist Court, 1986–2005.}}
José Rizal
Sun Yat-sen

A constitutional amendment is a modification of the constitution of a polity, organization or other type of entity.

- Constitutional amendment

It superseded the Articles of Confederation, the nation's first constitution.

- Constitution of the United States

The Constitution of San Marino might be the world's oldest active written constitution, since some of its core documents have been in operation since 1600, while the Constitution of the United States is the oldest active codified constitution.

- Constitution

The use of appended articles of amendment is most famous as a feature of the United States Constitution, but it is also the method of amendment in a number of other jurisdictions, such as Venezuela.

- Constitutional amendment

In addition, exceptional procedures are often required to amend a constitution.

- Constitution

The precedent for this practice was set in 1789, when Congress considered and proposed the first several Constitutional amendments.

- Constitution of the United States
Page one of the officially engrossed copy of the Constitution signed by delegates. A print run of 500 copies of the final version preceded this copy.

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Supermajority

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Requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of more than one-half used for a simple majority.

Requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support which is greater than the threshold of more than one-half used for a simple majority.

Changes to constitutions, especially those with entrenched clauses, commonly require supermajority support in a legislature.

In Turkey, constitutional amendments need a three fifths majority (360 votes) to be put forward to a referendum and a two-thirds majority (400 votes) to be ratified directly.

The Constitution of the United States requires supermajorities in order for certain significant actions to occur.