A report on GovernmentConstitution and Legislature

World administrative levels
Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)
Palace of Westminster in February 2007
Map of European nations coloured by percentage of vote governing party got in last election as of 2022
Constitution of the Kingdom of Naples in 1848.
Map showing the terminology for each country's national legislature
Governments recognised as "electoral democracies" by the Freedom in the World survey
Detail from Hammurabi's stele shows him receiving the laws of Babylon from the seated sun deity.
The Congress of the Republic of Peru, the country's national legislature, meets in the Legislative Palace in 2010
Separation of powers in the US government, demonstrating the tria politica model
Diagram illustrating the classification of constitutions by Aristotle.
The British House of Commons, its lower house
Third volume of the compilation of Catalan Constitutions of 1585
The German Bundestag, its theoretical lower house
The Cossack Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk, 1710.
The Australian Senate, its upper house
A painting depicting George Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution
Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). Polish King Stanisław August (left, in regal ermine-trimmed cloak), enters St. John's Cathedral, where Sejm deputies will swear to uphold the new Constitution; in background, Warsaw's Royal Castle, where the Constitution has just been adopted.
Presidential copy of the Russian Constitution.
Magna Carta
United States Constitution

In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary.

- Government

In many countries, the government has a kind of constitution, a statement of its governing principles and philosophy.

- Government

After that, many governments ruled by special codes of written laws.

- Constitution

Some political systems follow the principle of legislative supremacy, which holds that the legislature is the supreme branch of government and cannot be bound by other institutions, such as the judicial branch or a written constitution.

- Legislature

In parliamentary and semi-presidential systems of government, the executive is responsible to the legislature, which may remove it with a vote of no confidence.

- Legislature

The standard model, described by the Baron de Montesquieu, involves three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial.

- Constitution
World administrative levels

2 related topics with Alpha


John Locke

Separation of powers

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John Locke
George Washington at Constitutional Convention of 1787, signing of U.S. Constitution

Separation of powers refers to the division of a state's government into branches, each with separate, independent powers and responsibilities, so that the powers of one branch are not in conflict with those of the other branches.

The typical division is into three branches: a legislature, an executive, and a judiciary, which is sometimes called the trias politica model.

Constitutions with a high degree of separation of powers are found worldwide.

Presidential system

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A presidential system, or single executive system, is a form of government in which a head of government, typically with the title of president, leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch in systems that use separation of powers.

These countries modeled their constitutions after that of the United States, and the presidential system became the dominant political system in the Americas.