Fresco detail of Saint Sava in Serbian Orthodox Patriarchate of Peć monastery, Serbia
Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)
Remains of Ras, medieval capital of Serbia (12th-13th century)
Sava blessing Serb youth, Uroš Predić (1921).
Constitution of the Kingdom of Naples in 1848.
Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Dečani, built in the 14th century
Crowning of Stefan, by Anastas Jovanović.
Detail from Hammurabi's stele shows him receiving the laws of Babylon from the seated sun deity.
Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Gračanica
Fresco in Mileševa.
Diagram illustrating the classification of constitutions by Aristotle.
Byzantine provinces on the territory of modern Serbia during the 6th century
Sava reconciling his quarreling brothers, Paja Jovanović (1901)
Third volume of the compilation of Catalan Constitutions of 1585
Principality of Serbia and other Slavic principalities in ca. 814 AD.
Fresco detail of Saint Sava in Studenica Monastery, Serbia
The Cossack Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk, 1710.
Seal of prince Strojimir of Serbia, from the late 9th century
Mar Saba, where Sava founded Serbian cells
A painting depicting George Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution
Byzantine Emperor Basil I receiving delegations of Serbs and Croats
Trojeručica, a serbian orthodox icon
Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). Polish King Stanisław August (left, in regal ermine-trimmed cloak), enters St. John's Cathedral, where Sejm deputies will swear to uphold the new Constitution; in background, Warsaw's Royal Castle, where the Constitution has just been adopted.
Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul in Stari Ras, finished in the 9th century
Sava died ill on his way home from the Holy Land, on 12 January 1235, in Tarnovo, Bulgarian Empire.
Presidential copy of the Russian Constitution.
Serbian Principality in the 10th century
Fresco from Saint Sava in Monastery Bogorodica Ljeviška
Magna Carta
Icon representing prince Jovan Vladimir, the first canonized Serb
The burning of Saint Sava's relics by the Ottomans after the Banat Uprising, on April 27, 1595. Painting by Stevan Aleksić (1912)
United States Constitution
Serbs massacre the Byzantines in the mountain passes, Madrid Skylitzes.
Serbian king Mihailo Vojislavljević. Fresco in the Church of Saint Michael in Ston
1262 transcript of the Zakonopravilo (1220).
Seal of Constantine Bodin (11th century)
Fresco in Gracanica Monastery.
State of Constantine Bodin (c. undefined 1090)
Fresco of the grand župan Vukan, who established the Vukanović dynasty
Serbia on the map of Europe in 1135, during the reign of Uroš I
The medieval fresco of Saint Simeon (Stefan Nemanja) in Studenica Monastery
Map of Southeastern Europe in 1265, including the Medieval Kingdom of Serbia
The Proclamation of Dušan's Law Codex, by Paja Jovanović (1900)
Map of the Serbian Empire in 1355
States that emerged after the dissolution of Serbian Empire in the second half of the 14th century
Serbian Despotate in 1421–1427
Serbian Despotate in 1455-1459
Smederevo Fortress today. With its fall in 1459, the medieval Serbian state was extinguished.
Possible representation of Serbian nobleman Paskač and his family, monastery Psača near Kriva Palanka, North Macedonia. Dated middle of the 14th century.
Representation of the Radič, the Grand Čelnik in the Vraćevšnica monastery. Radič, the nobleman and a dignitary, lived in the 15th century.
Dušan's Code, the "constitution" of the 14th century Serbia
Medieval Serbian weapons The National Museum in Požarevac
The tradition of badnjak predates the Christianization, but the custom survived being incorporated into the modern celebration of Christmas
Temnić inscription (11th century)
The futhark found in Breza, Bosnia
Miroslav Gospel, one of the oldest surviving documents written in Serbian recension of Church Slavonic, created by order of Prince Miroslav of Hum
Neumes - medieval musical notes by Serbian composer Kir Stefan the Serb, museum of Smederevo
Hemp fiber, once extensively used for the cloths by the commoners, today is rarely used as a fabric.
Serbian medieval noblewoman, National museum in Požarevac
Part of the fresco "Mourning of Anna Dandolo", which depicts noblemen in their attire
Modern rendering of the ancient cooking "under the sač"
Malvasia grapes, one of the most popular varieties in Medieval Serbia
Illustration from a 16th-century illustrated manuscript copy of the Mining Code, issued by despot Stefan Lazarević (d. 1427)
Princess Jelena Lazarević (1365-1443)
Slavic migrations to the Balkans.
Approximate location of South Slavic tribes, per V. V. Sedov 1995.

In the same year Sava published Zakonopravilo (or "St. Sava's Nomocanon"), the first constitution of Serbia; thus the Serbs acquired both forms of independence: political and religious.

- Saint Sava

The Nomocanon of Saint Sava (Законоправило/Zakonopravilo) was the first Serbian constitution from 1219.

- Constitution

Its basic purpose was to organize the functioning of the young Serbian kingdom and the Serbian church.

- Constitution

Sava was canonized, and his relics were considered miraculous; his cult remained throughout the Middle Ages and the Ottoman rule.

- Saint Sava

Stefan Nemanja's youngest son Rastko became a monk (as Sava), turning all his efforts to spread religion among his people.

- Serbia in the Middle Ages

In the same year Sava issued the first constitution in Serbia, the Zakonopravilo.

- Serbia in the Middle Ages
Fresco detail of Saint Sava in Serbian Orthodox Patriarchate of Peć monastery, Serbia

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First page of St. Sava's Nomocanon, 1262 manuscript


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First page of St. Sava's Nomocanon, 1262 manuscript
Fresco of Saint Sava, Studenica Monastery

The Nomocanon of Saint Sava, known in Serbian as Zakonopravilo (Законоправило) or Krmčija (Крмчија), was the highest code in the Serbian Orthodox Church, finished in 1219.

This legal act was written in simple folk language and its basic purpose was to organize continuation and functioning of the Serbian kingdom and the Serbian church.

Today it is considered to be Serbia's first Serbian language church-state Constitution.