A report on Constitution

Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)
Constitution of the Kingdom of Naples in 1848.
Detail from Hammurabi's stele shows him receiving the laws of Babylon from the seated sun deity.
Diagram illustrating the classification of constitutions by Aristotle.
Third volume of the compilation of Catalan Constitutions of 1585
The Cossack Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk, 1710.
A painting depicting George Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution
Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). Polish King Stanisław August (left, in regal ermine-trimmed cloak), enters St. John's Cathedral, where Sejm deputies will swear to uphold the new Constitution; in background, Warsaw's Royal Castle, where the Constitution has just been adopted.
Presidential copy of the Russian Constitution.
Magna Carta
United States Constitution

Aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.

- Constitution
Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)

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Fresco detail of Saint Sava in Serbian Orthodox Patriarchate of Peć monastery, Serbia

Saint Sava

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Serbian prince and Orthodox monk, the first Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church, the founder of Serbian law, and a diplomat.

Serbian prince and Orthodox monk, the first Archbishop of the autocephalous Serbian Church, the founder of Serbian law, and a diplomat.

Fresco detail of Saint Sava in Serbian Orthodox Patriarchate of Peć monastery, Serbia
Sava blessing Serb youth, Uroš Predić (1921).
Crowning of Stefan, by Anastas Jovanović.
Fresco in Mileševa.
Sava reconciling his quarreling brothers, Paja Jovanović (1901)
Fresco detail of Saint Sava in Studenica Monastery, Serbia
Mar Saba, where Sava founded Serbian cells
Trojeručica, a serbian orthodox icon
Sava died ill on his way home from the Holy Land, on 12 January 1235, in Tarnovo, Bulgarian Empire.
Fresco from Saint Sava in Monastery Bogorodica Ljeviška
The burning of Saint Sava's relics by the Ottomans after the Banat Uprising, on April 27, 1595. Painting by Stevan Aleksić (1912)
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1262 transcript of the Zakonopravilo (1220).
Fresco in Gracanica Monastery.
Studenica
Mileševa
Hilandar

In the same year Sava published Zakonopravilo (or "St. Sava's Nomocanon"), the first constitution of Serbia; thus the Serbs acquired both forms of independence: political and religious.

Articles of Confederation

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1977 13-cent U.S. Postage stamp commemorating the Articles of Confederation bicentennial; the draft was completed on November 15, 1777
The Act of the Maryland legislature to ratify the Articles of Confederation, February 2, 1781
Preamble to Art. V, Sec. 1
Art. V, Sec. 2 to Art. VI
Art. VII to Art. IX, Sec. 2
Art. IX, Sec. 2 to Sec. 5
Art. IX, Sec. 5 to Art. XIII, Sec. 2
Art. XIII, Sec. 2 to signatures

The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union was an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first frame of government.

Gustav III of Sweden

Instrument of Government (1772)

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Gustav III of Sweden

The 1772 Instrument of Government (regeringsform) was the constitution of the Kingdom of Sweden from 1772 to 1809.

Golden Bull of 1356

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Page from the Golden Bull manuscript of King Wenceslaus, about 1400, Austrian National Library.
The Holy Roman Empire in 1356
Imperial Diet in Metz during which the Golden Bull of 1356 was issued.
Incunable of the Golden Bull in Early New High German, late 15th century, University of Jena

The Golden Bull of 1356 (, Goldene Bulle,, Bulla Aurea, Bolla d'oro) was a decree issued by the Imperial Diet at Nuremberg and Metz (Diet of Metz, 1356/57) headed by the Emperor Charles IV which fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, important aspects of the constitutional structure of the Holy Roman Empire.

Humble Petition and Advice

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The Humble Petition and Advice was the second and last codified constitution of England after the Instrument of Government.

Hans Järta, the principal author of the Instrument of Government.

Instrument of Government (1809)

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Hans Järta, the principal author of the Instrument of Government.

The 1809 Instrument of Government (1809 års regeringsform), adopted on 6 June 1809 by the Riksdag of the Estates and King Charles XIII, was the constitution of the Kingdom of Sweden from 1809 to the end of 1974.

The first page of the Bendery Constitution (Latin-language version, National Archives of Sweden). The tile reads: Contenta Pactorum inter Ducem et Exercitum Zaporoviensem conventorum, in Compendium brevi Stylo collecta

Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk

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Pylyp Orlyk’s Constitution (Конституція Пилипа Орлика (Konstytutsiya Pylypa Orlyka), also known The Treaties and Resolutions of the Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporozhian Army (Договори і Постановлення Прав і вольностей Війська Запорозького (Dohovory i Postanovlennya Prav i volʹnostey Viysʹka Zaporozʹkoho)

Pylyp Orlyk’s Constitution (Конституція Пилипа Орлика (Konstytutsiya Pylypa Orlyka), also known The Treaties and Resolutions of the Rights and Freedoms of the Zaporozhian Army (Договори і Постановлення Прав і вольностей Війська Запорозького (Dohovory i Postanovlennya Prav i volʹnostey Viysʹka Zaporozʹkoho)

The first page of the Bendery Constitution (Latin-language version, National Archives of Sweden). The tile reads: Contenta Pactorum inter Ducem et Exercitum Zaporoviensem conventorum, in Compendium brevi Stylo collecta
Charles XII and Mazepa at the Dnipro River
Hetman Pylyp Orlyk
The monument in Bender Fortress

is a constitutional document written by the Hetman of Ukraine, Pylyp Orlyk, the Cossack elders and the Cossacks of the Zaporozhian Army on the 5 April 1710 in the city of Ukraine.

Opening session of the 2021 Chilean constitutional convention

Constituent assembly

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Opening session of the 2021 Chilean constitutional convention
Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy (1940)
The Virginia Constitutional Convention, 1830 (George Catlin, ca. 1830). Many state constituent assemblies, like the 1830 Virginia Constitutional Convention, were highly formalized but the legitimacy of the constitution they drafted depended on whether it was authorized by the people, not whether a particular procedure was followed.

A constituent assembly (also known as a constitutional convention, constitutional congress, or constitutional assembly) is a body assembled for the purpose of drafting or revising a constitution.

Seating plan for an inauguration of the Imperial Diet in the Regensburg Town Hall from a 1675 engraving: Emperor and Prince-electors at the head, secular Princes to the left, ecclesiastical to the right, deputies of Imperial Cities in the foreground.

Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire)

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The deliberative body of the Holy Roman Empire.

The deliberative body of the Holy Roman Empire.

Seating plan for an inauguration of the Imperial Diet in the Regensburg Town Hall from a 1675 engraving: Emperor and Prince-electors at the head, secular Princes to the left, ecclesiastical to the right, deputies of Imperial Cities in the foreground.
The summons for Luther to appear at the Diet of Worms, signed by Charles V. The text on the left was on the reverse side.
"Here I stand": Martin Luther at the Diet of Worms, 1521 19th-century painting by Hermann Wislicenus
The coats of arms of prince electors surround the Holy Roman Emperor's, from flags book of Jacob Köbel (1545).

After the conquest of Italy, the 1158 Diet of Roncaglia finalized four laws that would significantly alter the (never formally written) constitution of the Empire, marking the beginning of the steady decline of the central power in favour of the local dukes.

Geoffrey Hosking suggests that fear of being enslaved was a central motivating force for the development of the Greek sense of citizenship. Sculpture: a Greek woman being served by a slave-child.

Citizenship

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Relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection.

Relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection.

Geoffrey Hosking suggests that fear of being enslaved was a central motivating force for the development of the Greek sense of citizenship. Sculpture: a Greek woman being served by a slave-child.
Portrait of Dred Scott, the plaintiff in the infamous Dred Scott v. Sandford case at the Supreme Court of the United States, commissioned by a "group of Negro citizens" and presented to the Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, in 1888
Citizenship ceremony on beach near Cooktown, Queensland. 2012
Diagram of relationship between; Citizens, Politicians + Laws

State constitutions may grant certain rights above and beyond what is granted under the United States Constitution and may impose their own obligations including the sovereign right of taxation and military service; each state maintains at least one military force subject to national militia transfer service, the state's national guard, and some states maintain a second military force not subject to nationalization.