A report on Constitution

Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)
Constitution of the Kingdom of Naples in 1848.
Detail from Hammurabi's stele shows him receiving the laws of Babylon from the seated sun deity.
Diagram illustrating the classification of constitutions by Aristotle.
Third volume of the compilation of Catalan Constitutions of 1585
The Cossack Constitution of Pylyp Orlyk, 1710.
A painting depicting George Washington at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 signing of the U.S. Constitution
Constitution of May 3, 1791 (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). Polish King Stanisław August (left, in regal ermine-trimmed cloak), enters St. John's Cathedral, where Sejm deputies will swear to uphold the new Constitution; in background, Warsaw's Royal Castle, where the Constitution has just been adopted.
Presidential copy of the Russian Constitution.
Magna Carta
United States Constitution

Aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.

- Constitution
Constitution of the Year XII (First French Republic)

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Rule by decree

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Style of governance allowing quick, unchallenged promulgation of law by a single person or group.

Style of governance allowing quick, unchallenged promulgation of law by a single person or group.

Thus, it is allowed by many constitutions, including the French, Argentine, Indian and Hungarian constitutions.

Constitutional references to God

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Constitutional references to God exist in the constitutions of a number of nations, most often in the preamble.

Allegory of the parliamentarians of 1822: Manuel Fernandes Tomás, Manuel Borges Carneiro, and Joaquim António de Aguiar (Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, 1926)

Liberal Revolution of 1820

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Portuguese political revolution that erupted in 1820.

Portuguese political revolution that erupted in 1820.

Allegory of the parliamentarians of 1822: Manuel Fernandes Tomás, Manuel Borges Carneiro, and Joaquim António de Aguiar (Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro, 1926)

The Revolution resulted in the return in 1821 of the Portuguese Court to Portugal from Brazil, where it had fled during the Peninsular War, and initiated a constitutional period in which the 1822 Constitution was ratified and implemented.

Aristotle's classification of constitutions

Politics (Aristotle)

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Work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.

Work of political philosophy by Aristotle, a 4th-century BC Greek philosopher.

Aristotle's classification of constitutions

Classification of constitution and common good.

Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Putney, where the Putney Debates were held

Putney Debates

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The Putney Debates were a series of discussions following the abolition of the monarchy in Britain, about what form of government would replace it in the new republican commonwealth.

The Putney Debates were a series of discussions following the abolition of the monarchy in Britain, about what form of government would replace it in the new republican commonwealth.

Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Putney, where the Putney Debates were held

The fundamental ideas of the Case of the Armie came to be reflected in a written constitutional draft: the Agreement of the People.

The Constitution Act, 1982 recognizes treaties between the Crown and Canada's Aboriginal people, such as these Numbered Treaties.

List of Canadian constitutional documents

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Large number of documents that have been entrenched in the constitution by various means.

Large number of documents that have been entrenched in the constitution by various means.

The Constitution Act, 1982 recognizes treaties between the Crown and Canada's Aboriginal people, such as these Numbered Treaties.
Canadians cannot claim rights mentioned in the Act of Settlement, 1701, but its rules about the monarchy cannot be changed without going through the 1982 amending formula, and it can be influential when interpreting the Constitution.
Michael Hendricks and René Leboeuf become the first same-sex couple to legally marry in Quebec after the Quebec Court of Appeal finds that sexual orientation is an unwritten protected ground in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in the case Hendricks and Leboeuf v Quebec.

Regardless of how documents became entrenched, together those documents form the supreme law of Canada; no non-constitutional law may conflict with them, and none of them may be changed without following the amending formula given in Part V of the Constitution Act, 1982.

Court of Justice building in Kartal, Istanbul.

Constitution of Turkey

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Court of Justice building in Kartal, Istanbul.
Seal of the Assembly
Constitutional Court of Turkey is placed in Ankara.
Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace is a courthouse in the Şişli district of Istanbul.

The Constitution of the Republic of Türkiye (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Anayasası), also known as the Constitution of 1982, is Turkey's fundamental law.

Basic law

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Denomination of a law providing constitutional powers.

Denomination of a law providing constitutional powers.

In Germany basic law ("Grundgesetz") is the name given to the codified constitution.

Constitution of Venezuela

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The Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela (CRBV)) is the current and twenty-sixth constitution of Venezuela.

Suffrage universel dédié à Ledru-Rollin, Frédéric Sorrieu, 1850

Suffrage

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Right to vote in public, political elections and referendums .

Right to vote in public, political elections and referendums .

Suffrage universel dédié à Ledru-Rollin, Frédéric Sorrieu, 1850
The Peterloo Massacre of 1819
German election poster from 1919: Equal rights – equal duties!
A British postcard against women's suffrage postcard from c.1908. It shows unflattering caricatures of suffragettes in front of parliament and the caption: 'This is the house that man built' with a poem. From the People's History Museum, Manchester.
Women's Suffrage Headquarters on Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio in 1912
Demonstration for universal right to vote, Prague, Austria-Hungary, 1905
Countries with universal suffrage granted to women, 2017
The Chartists' National Convention at the British Coffee House in February 1839

1809 – New constitution adopted and separation of powers outlined in the Instrument of Government.