Constitution of India

Indian ConstitutionConstitutionconstitutionalIndia's ConstitutionThe Constitution of Indiaconstitution for IndiaConstitution of independent IndiaIndianational Constitutionrepublican constitution
The Constitution of India (IAST: ) is the supreme law of India.wikipedia
1,708 Related Articles

Constituent Assembly of India

Constituent AssemblyIndian Constituent AssemblyCentral Assembly
It imparts constitutional supremacy (not parliamentary supremacy, since it was created by a constituent assembly rather than Parliament) and was adopted by its people with a declaration in its preamble.
The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India.

B. R. Ambedkar

Babasaheb AmbedkarAmbedkarB.R. Ambedkar
B. R. Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is widely considered to be its chief architect. B. R. Ambedkar, Sanjay Phakey, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Vallabhbhai Patel, Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar, Sandipkumar Patel, Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Nalini Ranjan Ghosh, and Balwantrai Mehta were key figures in the assembly, which had over 30 representatives of the scheduled classes.
He was independent India's first law and justice minister, the architect of the Constitution of India, and a founding father of the Republic of India.

Directive Principles

Directive Principles of State PolicyDirective Principle of State PolicyDirective Principles in India
The document lays down the framework demarcating fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.
These provisions, contained in Part IV (Article 36–51) of the Constitution of India, are not enforceable by any court, but the principles laid down there in are not considered in the governance of the country, making it the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws to establish a just society in the country.

Preamble to the Constitution of India

PreamblePreamble to the Constitutionits preamble
It imparts constitutional supremacy (not parliamentary supremacy, since it was created by a constituent assembly rather than Parliament) and was adopted by its people with a declaration in its preamble.
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out guidelines, which guides the people of the nation, and to present the principles of the Constitution, and to indicate the source from which the document derives its authority, and meaning The hopes and aspirations of the people are described in it.

Republic Day (India)

Republic DayIndian Republic DayRepublic Day of India
India celebrates its constitution on 26 January as Republic Day.
Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
The Constitution of India (IAST: ) is the supreme law of India.
The term Bharat, mentioned in both Indian epic poetry and the Constitution of India, is used in its variations by many Indian languages.

Dominion of India

Indian UnionUnion of IndiaIndia
The constitution replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 as the country's fundamental governing document, and the Dominion of India became the Republic of India. From 1947 to 1950, the same legislation continued to be implemented as India was a dominion of Britain for these three years, as each princely state was convinced by Sardar Patel and V.P.Menon to sign the articles of integration with India, and the British government continued to be responsible for the external security of the country.
It was created by the Indian Independence Act 1947 and was transformed into the Republic of India by the promulgation of the Constitution of India in 1950.

The Emergency (India)

Emergencythe EmergencyIndian Emergency
The words "secular" and "socialist" were added to the preamble in 1976 during the emergency.
Officially issued by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed under Article 352 of the Constitution because of the prevailing "internal disturbance", the Emergency was in effect from 26 June 1975 until its withdrawal in January 1977.

Democracy

democraticdemocraciesdemocratically
The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens justice, equality and liberty, and endeavours to promote fraternity.
In India, parliamentary sovereignty is subject to the Constitution of India which includes judicial review.

Ouster clause

privative clauseconstitutional supremacyouster
Parliament cannot override the constitution.
Similarly, in India ouster clauses are almost always ineffective because judicial review is regarded as part of the basic structure of the constitution that cannot be excluded.

Parliament of India

Indian ParliamentParliamentIndia's Parliament
It imparts constitutional supremacy (not parliamentary supremacy, since it was created by a constituent assembly rather than Parliament) and was adopted by its people with a declaration in its preamble.
The Indian Constitution was framed in the Central Hall.

Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha constituenciesLok Sabha constituencyparliamentary
The council is answerable to the lower house under Article 75(3).
The maximum strength of the House allotted by the Constitution of India is 552.

New Delhi

New Delhi, IndiaNew DehliDelhi
The original 1950 constitution is preserved in a helium-filled case at the Parliament House in New Delhi.
The Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.

Harendra Coomar Mookerjee

H.C. MukherjeeH. C. Mukherjee
Harendra Coomar Mookerjee, a Christian assembly vice-president, chaired the minorities committee and represented non-Anglo-Indian Christians.
Harendra Coomar Mookerjee (1887–1956), also spelt as H.C. Mookherjee or H.C. Mukherjee or H.C. Mukerji or H.C. Mukerjee, was the Vice-President of the Constituent Assembly of India for drafting the Constitution of India before Partition of India, and the third Governor of West Bengal after India became a republic with partition into India and Pakistan.

B. N. Rau

Benegal Narsing RauSir Benegal Narsing RauBengal Narsing Rau
Judges, such as Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, Benegal Narsing Rau, K. M. Munshi and Ganesh Mavlankar were members of the assembly.
Sir Benegal Narsing Rau, CIE, (26 February 1887 – 30 November 1953) was an Indian civil servant, jurist, diplomat and statesman known for his key role in drafting the Constitution of India.

Jawaharlal Nehru

NehruPandit Jawaharlal NehruJawahar Lal Nehru
B. R. Ambedkar, Sanjay Phakey, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Vallabhbhai Patel, Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar, Sandipkumar Patel, Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Nalini Ranjan Ghosh, and Balwantrai Mehta were key figures in the assembly, which had over 30 representatives of the scheduled classes.
The Constitution of India was enacted in 1950, after which he embarked on an ambitious program of economic, social and political reforms.

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

Scheduled casteScheduled tribeScheduled Castes
B. R. Ambedkar, Sanjay Phakey, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Vallabhbhai Patel, Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar, Sandipkumar Patel, Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Nalini Ranjan Ghosh, and Balwantrai Mehta were key figures in the assembly, which had over 30 representatives of the scheduled classes.
The terms are recognised in the Constitution of India and the groups are designated in one or other of the categories.

Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra PrasadDr Rajendra PrasadPresident Rajendra Prasad
B. R. Ambedkar, Sanjay Phakey, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Vallabhbhai Patel, Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi, Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar, Sandipkumar Patel, Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Nalini Ranjan Ghosh, and Balwantrai Mehta were key figures in the assembly, which had over 30 representatives of the scheduled classes.
Upon independence in 1947, Prasad was elected as President of the Constituent Assembly of India, which prepared the Constitution of India and served as its provisional parliament.

Political integration of India

Part C Statepolitical integrationAccession to the Union of India
From 1947 to 1950, the same legislation continued to be implemented as India was a dominion of Britain for these three years, as each princely state was convinced by Sardar Patel and V.P.Menon to sign the articles of integration with India, and the British government continued to be responsible for the external security of the country.
Clause 7 provided that the princes would not be bound to the Indian constitution as and when it was drafted.

Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer

Sir Alladi Krishnaswami Iyer
Judges, such as Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, Benegal Narsing Rau, K. M. Munshi and Ganesh Mavlankar were members of the assembly.
Dewan Bahadur Sir Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer (14 May 1883 – 3 October 1953) was an Indian lawyer and member of the Constituent Assembly of India, which was responsible for framing the Constitution of India.

Beohar Rammanohar Sinha

Rammanohar
The original constitution is hand-written, with each page decorated by artists from Shantiniketan including Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose.
Beohar Rammanohar Sinha (15 June 1929 – 25 October 2007) was an Indian artist who is very well known for his illustrations in the original final manuscript of Constitution of India, including the complete Preamble-page, which was brought to fruition in 1949 as one of the most beautiful Constitutions in the world in addition to being the most comprehensive one.

Amrit Kaur

Rajkumari Amrit KaurRajkumari Bibiji'' Amrit Kaur
Female members included Sarojini Naidu, Hansa Mehta, Durgabai Deshmukh, Amrit Kaur and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit.
Kaur was also a member of the Indian Constituent Assembly, the body that framed the Constitution of India.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian stateUnion Territory
Two days later, on 26 January 1950, it became the law of India.
The Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State.

Anglo-Indian

Anglo-IndiansAnglo IndianNominated
Frank Anthony represented the Anglo-Indian community, and the Parsis were represented by H. P. Modi.
India constitutionally guarantees of the rights of communities and religious and linguistic minorities, and thus permits Anglo-Indians to maintain their own schools and to use English as the medium of instruction.

Constitution Day (India)

Constitution DayIndian Constitution DayLaw Day (India)
The day is celebrated as National Law Day, or Constitution Day.
Constitution Day (National Law Day), also known as Samvidhan Divas, is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.