Preamble of the Constitution
Reconstruction of a Jōmon family from the Sannai-Maruyama Site.
The constitution of Japan was largely drafted by US lawyers in the occupation authority. This image is of a secret memo written by members of the authority on the subject of the new constitution.
The Empire of Japan at its peak in 1942:
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A Yayoi period bronze bell (dōtaku) of the 3rd century CE
The Preamble to the Constitution
The Naval Battle of Hakodate, May 1869; in the foreground, and of the Imperial Japanese Navy
Daisenryō Kofun, Osaka
The Imperial Signature (upper right) and Seal
The Empire of Japan at its peak in 1942:
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Territorial extent of Yamato court during the Kofun period
The Constitution of Japan signed by Emperor Showa and Ministers of State
Prominent members of the Iwakura mission. Left to right: Kido Takayoshi, Yamaguchi Masuka, Iwakura Tomomi, Itō Hirobumi, Ōkubo Toshimichi
Buddhist temple of Horyu-ji is the oldest wooden structure in the world. It was commissioned by Prince Shotoku and represents the beginning of Buddhism in Japan.
Politics under the Post-war Constitution
Emperor Meiji, the 122nd emperor of Japan
The word Nihon written in kanji (horizontal placement of characters). The text means "Japan" in Japanese.
Ōura Church, Nagasaki
Prince Shōtoku was a semi-legendary regent of the Asuka period, and considered to be the first major sponsor of Buddhism in Japan.
Interior of the Japanese Parliament, showing the Prime Minister speaking addressing the House of Peers, 1915
The Daibutsu-den, within the complex of Tōdai-ji. This Buddhist temple was sponsored by the Imperial Court during the Nara period.
Prince Aritomo Yamagata, who was twice Prime Minister of Japan. He was one of the main architects of the military and political foundations of early modern Japan.
Miniature model of the ancient capital Heian-kyō
Baron Masuda Tarokaja, a member of the House of Peers (Kazoku). His father, Baron Masuda Takashi, was responsible for transforming Mitsui into a zaibatsu.
Later Three-Year War in the 11th century.
The Tokyo Industrial Exhibition, 1907 (Mitsubishi pavilion and Exhibition halls)
A handscroll painting dated c. 1130, illustrating a scene from the "Bamboo River" chapter of The Tale of Genji
Marunouchi District in 1920, looking towards the Imperial Palace
Minamoto no Yoritomo was the founder of the Kamakura shogunate in 1192. This was the first military government in which the shogun with the samurai were the de facto rulers of Japan.
A 1-yen banknote, 1881
Portrait of Ashikaga Takauji who was the founder and first shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate
Thomas Blake Glover was a Scottish merchant in Bakumatsu and received Japan's second highest order from Emperor Meiji in recognition of his contributions to Japan's industrialization.
Kinkaku-ji was built in 1397 by Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
Prince Katsura Tarō, thrice Prime Minister and the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan. Katsura commanded the IJA 3rd Division under his mentor, Field Marshal Yamagata Aritomo, during the First Sino-Japanese War.
Map showing the territories of major daimyō families around 1570 CE
Map of the Japanese Empire in 1895. This map was issued shortly after the Japanese invasion of Taiwan and is consequently one of the first Japanese maps to include Taiwan as a possession of Imperial Japan.
Japan (Iapam) and Korea, in the 1568 Portuguese map of the cartographer João Vaz Dourado.
Marquess Komura Jutaro, 1911. Komura became Minister for Foreign Affairs under the first Katsura administration, and signed the Boxer Protocol on behalf of Japan.
The Black Ship Portuguese traders that came from Goa and Macau once a year.
French illustration of a Japanese assault on entrenched Russian troops during the Russo-Japanese War
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Japanese riflemen during the Russo-Japanese War
Japan in 1582, showing territory conquered by Oda Nobunaga in gray
Count Tadasu Hayashi was the resident minister to the United Kingdom. While serving in London from 1900, he worked to successfully conclude the Anglo-Japanese Alliance and signed on behalf of the government of Japan on January 30, 1902.
Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate.
Port Arthur viewed from the Top of Gold Hill, after its capitulation in 1905. From left are the wrecks of Russian pre-dreadnought battleships Peresvet, Poltava, Retvizan, Pobeda and the protected cruisers Pallada
Samurai could kill a commoner for the slightest insult and were widely feared by the Japanese population. Edo period, 1798.
Emperor Taishō, the 123rd emperor of Japan
Samurai of the Satsuma Domain during the Boshin War
Topographic map of the Empire of Japan in November, 1918
Emperor Meiji, the 122nd Emperor of Japan
Native Micronesian constables of Truk Island, circa 1930. Truk became a possession of the Empire of Japan under a mandate from the League of Nations following Germany's defeat in World War I.
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Commanding Officers and Chiefs of Staff of the Allied Military Mission to Siberia, Vladivostok during the Allied Intervention
The Japanese Empire in 1939
Groundbreaking ceremony of Ginza Line, the oldest subway line in Asia, 1925. Front row, right to left: Rudolf Briske, Noritsugu Hayakawa, Furuichi Kōi, Ryutaro Nomura.
Japanese experts inspect the scene of the 'railway sabotage' on South Manchurian Railway, leading to the Mukden Incident and the Japanese occupation of Manchuria.
Count Itagaki Taisuke is credited as being the first Japanese party leader and an important force for liberalism in Meiji Japan.
Planes from the Japanese aircraft carrier Shōkaku preparing the attack on Pearl Harbor
Count Katō Komei, the 14th Prime Minister of Japan from June 11, 1924, until his death on January 28, 1926
The Empire of Japan at its peak in 1942:
Emperor Shōwa during an Army inspection on January 8, 1938
Atomic cloud over Hiroshima, 1945
Tokyo Kaikan was requisitioned as the meeting place for members of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association (Taisei Yokusankai) in the early days.
General Douglas MacArthur and Emperor of Japan, Hirohito, at their first meeting, September 1945
Japanese Pan-Asian writer Shūmei Ōkawa
US Secretary of State Dean Acheson signing the Treaty of Peace with Japan, 8 September 1951
Rebel troops assembling at police headquarters during the February 26 Incident
Shigeru Yoshida was one of the longest serving PMs in Japanese history (1946–1947 and 1948–1954).
A bank run during the Shōwa financial crisis, March 1927
Tokyo in 2010
National Diet Building, 1930
Wreckage at a railway station destroyed during the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.
Political map of the Asia-Pacific region, 1939
Social structure of the Edo period
Japanese troops entering Shenyang, Northeast China during the Mukden Incident, 1931
A vase from the early Jōmon period (11000–7000 BC)
The Japanese occupation of Peiping (Beijing) in China, on August 13, 1937. Japanese troops are shown passing from Peiping into the Tartar City through Zhengyangmen, the main gate leading onward to the palaces in the Forbidden City.
Middle Jōmon vase (2000 BC)
IJN Special Naval Landing Forces armed with the Type 11 Light Machine Gun during the Battle of Shanghai, 1937
Dogū figurine of the late Jōmon period (1000–400 BC)
Signing ceremony for the Axis Powers Tripartite Pact
Ancient drawing depicting a samurai battling forces of the Mongol Empire
Founding ceremony of the Hakkō ichiu (All the world under one roof) monument in 1940
Samurai Mitsui Sukenaga (right) defeating the Mongolian invasion army (left)
A map of the Japanese advance from 1937 to 1942
Shiraishi clan
Victorious Japanese troops march through the city center of Singapore following the city's capture in February 1942 (Photo from the Imperial War Museum)
Japan at the Last Glacial Maximum in the Late Pleistocene about 20,000 years ago
regions above sea level
unvegetated
sea
black outline indicates present-day Japan
Imperial Japanese Army paratroopers are landing during the Battle of Palembang, February 13, 1942.
Daisenryō Kofun, Osaka
A model representing the attack by dive bombers from USS Yorktown (CV-5) and USS Enterprise (CV-6) on the Japanese aircraft carriers, and in the morning of June 4, 1942, during the Battle of Midway
Group of Type 2 Ka-Mi tanks on board of 2nd class transporter of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1944–1945
The rebuilt battlecruiser sank at her moorings in the naval base of Kure on July 24 during a series of bombings.
The Japanese archipelago and the Korean Peninsula in 1945 (National Geographic)
A drawing depicting a speech in the Imperial Japanese Diet on November 1, 1945, the end of the Second World War. In the foreground there are several Allied soldiers watching the proceedings from the back of the balcony.
From left to right: Marshal Admiral Heihachirō Tōgō (1848–1934), Field Marshal Oku Yasukata (1847–1930), Marshal Admiral Yoshika Inoue (1845–1929), Field Marshal Kageaki Kawamura (1850–1926), at the unveiling ceremony of bronze statue of Field Marshal Iwao Ōyama
Population density map of the Empire of Japan (1920).
Population density map of the Empire of Japan (1940).
War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army
Naval ensign of the Empire of Japan
Flag of the Japanese Emperor

The Empire of Japan, (大日本帝国) also known as the Japanese Empire or Imperial Japan, was a historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 until the enactment of the post-World War II 1947 constitution and subsequent formation of modern Japan.

- Empire of Japan

The Meiji Constitution was the fundamental law of the Empire of Japan, propagated during the reign of Emperor Meiji ((r.

- Constitution of Japan

The new national leadership of the following Meiji period transformed the isolated feudal island country into an empire that closely followed Western models and became a great power.

- History of Japan

The Allies occupied Japan until 1952, during which a new constitution was enacted in 1947 that transformed Japan into a constitutional monarchy.

- History of Japan

History of Japan

- Constitution of Japan

This was the only time in Japanese history that it was occupied by a foreign power.

- Empire of Japan
Preamble of the Constitution

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