Constructed language

constructedconlangconstructed languagesImaginarya priori languagea prioriplanned languagea posteriori languageimaginary languageinvented language
A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, instead of having developed naturally, are consciously devised.wikipedia
592 Related Articles

Fictional language

invented languagefictional languagesfictional
Constructed languages may also be referred to as artificial languages, planned languages or invented languages and in some cases fictional languages.
Fictional languages are a subset of constructed languages, and are distinct from the former in that they have been created as part of a fictional setting (i.e. for use in a book, movie, television show, or video game).

Artistic language

personal languageInvented languageInvented languages
There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language, such as to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to give fiction or an associated constructed setting an added layer of realism; for experimentation in the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and machine learning; for artistic creation; and for language games.
An artistic language, or artlang, is a constructed language designed for aesthetic pleasure.

Esperanto

EsperantistEsperanto languageEsperantists
For example, the Hungarian census of 2011 found 8397 speakers of Esperanto, and the census of 2001 found 10 of Romanid, two each of Interlingua and Ido and one each of Idiom Neutral and Mundolinco. Some speakers of Esperanto and Esperantidos also avoid the term "artificial language" because they deny that there is anything "unnatural" about the use of their language in human communication. Codes for constructed languages include the ISO 639-2 "art" for conlangs; however, some constructed languages have their own ISO 639 language codes (e.g. "eo" and "epo" for Esperanto, "jbo" for Lojban, "ia" and "ina" for Interlingua, "tlh" for Klingon and "io" and "ido" for Ido).
Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language.

International auxiliary language

auxiliary languageinternational languageauxiliary languages
There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language, such as to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to give fiction or an associated constructed setting an added layer of realism; for experimentation in the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and machine learning; for artistic creation; and for language games.
For this and other reasons, some have turned to the idea of promoting an artificial or constructed language as a possible solution, by way of "auxiliary" language.

Esperanto culture

cultureEsperantistEsperanto movement
Outside Esperanto culture, the term language planning means the prescriptions given to a natural language to standardize it; in this regard, even a "natural language" may be artificial in some respects, meaning some of its words have been crafted by conscious decision.
Despite being a constructed language, Esperanto has a history dating back to the late 19th century, and shared cultural social mores have developed among its speakers.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, instead of having developed naturally, are consciously devised.
The word is sometimes used to refer to codes, ciphers, and other kinds of artificially constructed communication systems such as formally defined computer languages used for computer programming.

Esperantido

PopidoEsperantreform of Esperanto
Some speakers of Esperanto and Esperantidos also avoid the term "artificial language" because they deny that there is anything "unnatural" about the use of their language in human communication.
An Esperantido is a constructed language derived from Esperanto.

Natural language

linguisticnaturalnatural languages
A constructed language (sometimes called a conlang) is a language whose phonology, grammar, and vocabulary, instead of having developed naturally, are consciously devised.
They are distinguished from constructed and formal languages such as those used to program computers or to study logic.

Klingon language

KlingonKlingonaasetlhIngan Hol
A member of the Klingon Language Institute, d'Armond Speers, attempted to raise his son as a native (bilingual with English) Klingon speaker. Codes for constructed languages include the ISO 639-2 "art" for conlangs; however, some constructed languages have their own ISO 639 language codes (e.g. "eo" and "epo" for Esperanto, "jbo" for Lojban, "ia" and "ina" for Interlingua, "tlh" for Klingon and "io" and "ido" for Ido).
The Klingon language (,, in ) is the constructed language spoken by the fictional Klingons in the Star Trek universe.

Láadan

ldnwomen's language
Thus, a "better" language should allow the speaker to think more clearly or intelligently or to encompass more points of view; this was the intention of Suzette Haden Elgin in creating Láadan, a feminist language embodied in her feminist science fiction series Native Tongue.
Láadan is a feminist constructed language created by Suzette Haden Elgin in 1982 to test the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis, specifically to determine if development of a language aimed at expressing the views of women would shape a culture; a subsidiary hypothesis was that Western natural languages may be better suited for expressing the views of men than women.

Mundolinco

For example, the Hungarian census of 2011 found 8397 speakers of Esperanto, and the census of 2001 found 10 of Romanid, two each of Interlingua and Ido and one each of Idiom Neutral and Mundolinco.
Mundolinco is a constructed language created by the Dutch author J. Braakman in 1888.

Toki Pona

Sonja LangSonja Elen KisaSonja Kisa
A constructed language could also be used to restrict thought, as in George Orwell's Newspeak, or to simplify thought, as in Toki Pona.
Toki Pona is an oligoisolating constructed language, created by Canadian linguist and translator Sonja Lang as a philosophical language for the purpose of simplifying thoughts and communication.

Suzette Haden Elgin

Elgin, Suzette HadenSuzette ElginSuzette Hayden Elgin
Thus, a "better" language should allow the speaker to think more clearly or intelligently or to encompass more points of view; this was the intention of Suzette Haden Elgin in creating Láadan, a feminist language embodied in her feminist science fiction series Native Tongue.
She founded the Science Fiction Poetry Association and is considered an important figure in the field of science fiction constructed languages.

Slovio

The Russian census of 2010 found that there were in Russia about 992 speakers of Esperanto (on place 120), nine of Ido, one of Edo and no speakers of Slovio or Interlingua.
Slovio (from the Slavic word "slovo") is a constructed language begun in 1999 by Mark Hučko.

Communication

communicationsSocial Communicationcommunicate
There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language, such as to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to give fiction or an associated constructed setting an added layer of realism; for experimentation in the fields of linguistics, cognitive science, and machine learning; for artistic creation; and for language games.
Constructed languages such as Esperanto, programming languages, and various mathematical formalisms are not necessarily restricted to the properties shared by human languages.

Lojban

jboLogical Language GroupThe Logical Language Group
Codes for constructed languages include the ISO 639-2 "art" for conlangs; however, some constructed languages have their own ISO 639 language codes (e.g. "eo" and "epo" for Esperanto, "jbo" for Lojban, "ia" and "ina" for Interlingua, "tlh" for Klingon and "io" and "ido" for Ido). Individual authors, typically unaware of the history of the idea, continued to propose taxonomic philosophical languages until the early 20th century (e.g. Ro), but most recent engineered languages have had more modest goals; some are limited to a specific field, like mathematical formalism or calculus (e.g. Lincos and programming languages), others are designed for eliminating syntactical ambiguity (e.g., Loglan and Lojban) or maximizing conciseness (e.g., Ithkuil ).
Lojban (pronounced ) is a constructed, syntactically unambiguous human language, succeeding the Loglan project.

Linguistic relativity

Sapir–Whorf hypothesisSapir-Whorf hypothesisPrinciple of linguistic relativity
The famous but disputed Sapir–Whorf hypothesis is sometimes cited; this claims that the language one speaks influences the way one thinks.
The principle of linguistic relativity and the relation between language and thought has also received attention in varying academic fields from philosophy to psychology and anthropology, and it has also inspired and coloured works of fiction and the invention of constructed languages.

Experimental language

experimental
An experimental language is a constructed language designed for linguistics research, often on the relationship between language and thought.

Engineered language

logical languagelogicalengineered
Individual authors, typically unaware of the history of the idea, continued to propose taxonomic philosophical languages until the early 20th century (e.g. Ro), but most recent engineered languages have had more modest goals; some are limited to a specific field, like mathematical formalism or calculus (e.g. Lincos and programming languages), others are designed for eliminating syntactical ambiguity (e.g., Loglan and Lojban) or maximizing conciseness (e.g., Ithkuil ).
Engineered languages (often abbreviated to engelangs, or, less commonly, engilangs) are constructed languages devised to test or prove some hypotheses about how languages work or might work.

Philosophical language

philosophicalideal languagephilosophical languages
Others, known as philosophical or taxonomic languages, try to categorize their vocabulary, either to express an underlying philosophy or to make it easier to recognize new vocabulary.
A philosophical language is any constructed language that is constructed from first principles, like a logical language, but may entail a strong claim of absolute perfection or transcendent or even mystical truth rather than satisfaction of pragmatic goals.

Ithkuil

IlakshJohn Quijada
Individual authors, typically unaware of the history of the idea, continued to propose taxonomic philosophical languages until the early 20th century (e.g. Ro), but most recent engineered languages have had more modest goals; some are limited to a specific field, like mathematical formalism or calculus (e.g. Lincos and programming languages), others are designed for eliminating syntactical ambiguity (e.g., Loglan and Lojban) or maximizing conciseness (e.g., Ithkuil ).
Ithkuil is an experimental constructed language created by American linguist John Quijada, designed to express deeper levels of human cognition briefly yet overtly and clearly, particularly with regard to human categorization.

Dothraki language

Dothrakiown language
By the beginning of the first decade of the 21st century, it had become common for science-fiction and fantasy works set in other worlds to feature constructed languages, or more commonly, an extremely limited but defined vocabulary which suggests the existence of a complete language, and constructed languages are a regular part of the genre, appearing in Star Wars, Star Trek, Lord of the Rings (Elvish), Stargate SG-1, Atlantis: The Lost Empire, Game of Thrones (Dothraki language and Valyrian languages), Avatar, Dune and the Myst series of computer adventure games.
The Dothraki language is a constructed fictional language in George R. R. Martin's fantasy novel series A Song of Ice and Fire and its television adaptation Game of Thrones.

AUI (constructed language)

aUIaUI (language)
aUI (IPA://) is a philosophical, a priori language created in the 1950s by W. John Weilgart, Ph.D. (March 9, 1913– January 26, 1981; born Johann Wolfgang Weixlgärtner, and also known as John W. Weilgart ) a philosopher and psychoanalyst originally from Vienna, Austria.

Languages constructed by J. R. R. Tolkien

languages of Middle-earthlanguages invented by Tolkienlanguages of Arda
The philologist and author J. R. R. Tolkien created a number of constructed languages, including languages devised for fictional settings.

Brithenig

bzt
Brithenig is an invented language, or constructed language ("conlang").