Consumer activism

consumer activistconsumer movementconsumer advocatecommunicate effectivelyConsumer activists
Consumer activism is a process by which activists seek to influence the way in which goods or services are produced or delivered.wikipedia
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Activism

activistpolitical activistsocial activist
Consumer activism consists of activism carried out on behalf of consumers for consumer protection or by consumers themselves.

Boycott

boycottsboycottedboycotting
Consumer activist tactics can include boycotts, petitioning the government, media activism, and organizing interest groups.
Sometimes, a boycott can be a form of consumer activism, sometimes called moral purchasing.

Consumer

consumersconsumer marketend consumer
Concern over the interests of consumers has spawned consumer activism, where organized activists do research, education and advocacy to improve the offer of products and services.

Marc Kasky

Notable consumer activists include Carol Tucker-Foreman, Marc Kasky, Richard Kessel, Virginia H. Knauer, Eileen Hoats, Ralph Nader, Frances Perkins, Michael Pertschuk, and Peter A. Peyser.
Marc Kasky (born 1944) is a consumer activist best known for bringing a lawsuit against Nike Inc. in 1998 under a California law against false advertising and unfair competition for their advertising claims about treatment of Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese workers at company subcontractors.

Consumer Federation of America

CFAConsumer FederationCalifornia Public Interest Research Group
Notable consumer organizations include Grahak Shakti (India), Public Citizen, Consumers Union, and Consumer Federation of America.
It is generally regarded as liberal in the modern American sense of the term, and is associated with the consumer movement.

Consumer protection

consumer rightsconsumer affairsconsumer advocate
One of the first consumer protection laws in the United States and worldwide, the Pure Food and Drug Act, was passed in 1906. Consumer activism may also target the state in order to implement some form of regulation for consumer protection.
Consumer protection can also be asserted via non-government organisations and individuals as consumer activism.

Eileen Hoats

Notable consumer activists include Carol Tucker-Foreman, Marc Kasky, Richard Kessel, Virginia H. Knauer, Eileen Hoats, Ralph Nader, Frances Perkins, Michael Pertschuk, and Peter A. Peyser.
Eileen M. Hoats (born 1949) is an American consumer activist.

Lawrence B. Glickman

Lawrence GlickmanGlickman, Lawrence B.
Historian Lawrence B. Glickman identifies the free produce movement of the late 1700s as the beginning of consumer activism in the United States.

Free-produce movement

free produce movementfree laborFree Produce Society
Historian Lawrence B. Glickman identifies the free produce movement of the late 1700s as the beginning of consumer activism in the United States.

Abolitionism in the United Kingdom

abolitionistabolition of slaveryabolition
Like members of the British abolitionist movement, free produce activists were consumers themselves, and under the idea that consumers share in the responsibility for the consequences of their purchases, boycotted goods produced with slave labor in an attempt to end slavery.

Cooperative

co-operativeco-opcooperatives
Other early consumer activism included the creation of consumer cooperatives in Northwestern England in 1844 as a measure against local monopolies and high commodity prices.

Consumer organization

consumer advocacyconsumer organisationconsumer group
Notable consumer organizations include Grahak Shakti (India), Public Citizen, Consumers Union, and Consumer Federation of America. It was during this time that consumer organizations began to emerge in the United States, starting with a Consumers League in New York in 1891 which merged with other regional branches to form the National Consumers League in 1898. Consumer activists may also be part of various consumer organizations or portray themselves as members of a larger consumer movement.

National Consumers League

National Consumers' LeagueConsumers LeagueConsumer's League
It was during this time that consumer organizations began to emerge in the United States, starting with a Consumers League in New York in 1891 which merged with other regional branches to form the National Consumers League in 1898.

Pure Food and Drug Act

Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906Pure Food and Drugs ActFood and Drugs Act of 1906
One of the first consumer protection laws in the United States and worldwide, the Pure Food and Drug Act, was passed in 1906.

List of boycotts

boycotts
During this time consumer-led activism like boycotts continued, largely in response to domestic and international socio-political concerns.

Unsafe at Any Speed

Unsafe at Any Speed: The Designed-In Dangers of the American AutomobileUnsafe at any speed; the designed-in dangers of the American automobile
The publication of Unsafe at Any Speed by Ralph Nader in 1965 gave rise to a new type of legal-focused, anti-corporate activism.

Ralph Nader

NaderNader's RaidersRalph Nader's presidential campaigns
Notable consumer activists include Carol Tucker-Foreman, Marc Kasky, Richard Kessel, Virginia H. Knauer, Eileen Hoats, Ralph Nader, Frances Perkins, Michael Pertschuk, and Peter A. Peyser. The publication of Unsafe at Any Speed by Ralph Nader in 1965 gave rise to a new type of legal-focused, anti-corporate activism.

Consumer behaviour

consumer behaviorConsumer psychologycustomer behavior
As a result, consumer activism challenges existing corporate practices in order to effect a direct change in production, or attempts to modify some aspect of the behavior of consumers themselves.

Consumer Movement

American consumer movementconsumer movement in the United States
Consumer activists may also be part of various consumer organizations or portray themselves as members of a larger consumer movement.

Regulation

regulationsregulatorygovernment regulation
Consumer activism may also target the state in order to implement some form of regulation for consumer protection.

Media activism

media activistsocial media activismactivist
Consumer activist tactics can include boycotts, petitioning the government, media activism, and organizing interest groups.

Advocacy group

interest grouppressure grouplobby group
Consumer activist tactics can include boycotts, petitioning the government, media activism, and organizing interest groups.