Consumers' co-operative

consumer co-operativeconsumers' cooperativeconsumer cooperativeconsumer cooperativesCo-opconsumers' co-operativescooperativeco-op storeCo-op supermarketconsumer co-operatives
A consumers' co-operative is an enterprise owned by consumers and managed democratically which aims at fulfilling the needs and aspirations of their members.wikipedia
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Business

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A consumers' co-operative is an enterprise owned by consumers and managed democratically which aims at fulfilling the needs and aspirations of their members.

Cooperative federation

co-operative federationfederationsecondary co-operative
Consumers' cooperatives may, in turn, form cooperative federations.
According to co-operative economist Charles Gide, the aim of a co-operative wholesale society, which is owned by retail consumer co-operatives, is to arrange "bulk purchases, and, if possible, organise production".

Retailers' cooperative

Co-operative SocietyMarketing cooperativecooperative
In some countries, consumers' cooperatives are known as cooperative retail societies or retail co-ops, though they should not be confused with retailers' cooperatives, whose members are retailers rather than consumers.
Consumers' cooperatives, sometimes referred to as retail cooperatives, should be distinguished from retailers' cooperatives.

Utility cooperative

cooperativeelectric cooperativerural electric cooperative
However, there are many types of consumers' cooperatives, operating in areas such as health care, insurance, housing, utilities and personal finance (including credit unions).
More recently established energy co-ops began with national coverage: Co-operative Energy in the UK and Enercoop in France are examples of consumer cooperatives.

Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers

Rochdale Pioneersindustrial co-operativesRochdale Equitable Pioneers Society
The first successful organization was the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, established in England in 1844.
The Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, founded in 1844, was an early consumer co-operative, and one of the first to pay a patronage dividend, forming the basis for the modern co-operative movement.

South Suburban Co-operative Society

BeckenhamBromleyCrays
Through the 20th century, smaller societies merged with CWS, such as the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (1973) and the South Suburban Co-operative Society (1984).
The South Suburban Co-operative Society (SSCS) was a co-operative retailer in south London, Surrey and Kent, England.

Co-operative economics

Cooperative economicsco-operative commonwealthco-operative economic system
Consumer cooperation has been a focus of study in the field of cooperative economics.
We can define two different modes of co-operative business enterprise: consumers' cooperative, in which the consumers of a co-operative's goods and services are defined as its members (including retail food co-operatives, credit unions, etc.), and worker cooperatives and producer co-operatives.

Fenwick Weavers' Society

The first documented consumer cooperative was founded in 1769, in a barely furnished cottage in Fenwick, East Ayrshire, when local weavers manhandled a sack of oatmeal into John Walker's whitewashed front room and began selling the contents at a discount, forming the Fenwick Weavers' Society.
In 1769, the society formed a consumer co-operative for the benefit of members.

The Co-operative brand

Co-opThe Co-operativeCo-operative
One of the world's largest consumer co-operative federations operates in the UK as The Co-op, which together operates over 5500 branches of 'Co-op' branded business including Co-op Food (The UK's sixth largest supermarket chain), Co-op Funeralcare, Co-op Travel, Co-op Legal Services and Co-op Electrical.
The Co-operative Group is the largest consumer co-operative in the UK and the biggest user of the Co-operative brand in its 4,500 trading outlets.

Co-op Food

Co-opThe Co-operative FoodCo-operative Food
One of the world's largest consumer co-operative federations operates in the UK as The Co-op, which together operates over 5500 branches of 'Co-op' branded business including Co-op Food (The UK's sixth largest supermarket chain), Co-op Funeralcare, Co-op Travel, Co-op Legal Services and Co-op Electrical.
Co-op Food, previously trading as The Co-operative Food, is a brand devised for the food retail business of the consumer co-operative movement in the United Kingdom.

The Co-operative Group

Co-operative Wholesale SocietyCo-opCo-operative Group
One of the world's largest consumer co-operative federations operates in the UK as The Co-op, which together operates over 5500 branches of 'Co-op' branded business including Co-op Food (The UK's sixth largest supermarket chain), Co-op Funeralcare, Co-op Travel, Co-op Legal Services and Co-op Electrical. These may come in the form of cooperative wholesale societies, through which consumers' cooperatives collectively purchase goods at wholesale prices and, in some cases, own factories. The Co-operative Group is by far the largest of these businesses, itself having over 4500 outlets and operating the collective buying group.
The Co-operative Group, trading as the Co-op, is a British consumer co-operative with a diverse family of retail businesses including food retail and wholesale; e-pharmacy; insurance services; legal services and funeralcare, with in excess of 3,600 locations.

Co-operative Federal Trading Services

Co-operative Retail Trading GroupFederal Retail and Trading ServicesCo-operative Retail Trading Group (CRTG)
The Co-operative Group is by far the largest of these businesses, itself having over 4500 outlets and operating the collective buying group.
The Co-operative Federal Retail and Trading Services is the central buying group for co-operative retail societies in the United Kingdom.

Dublin Food Co-op

Dublin Food Coop
In Ireland, the Dublin Food Coop has been in operation since 1983.
Dublin Food Co-operative Society Limited is a consumer co-operative founded in 1983 and based in Kilmainham, Dublin, with a focus on organic and wholefood products.

Beatrice Webb

BeatriceB WebbBeatrice Potter
Cooperative Federalists, a term coined in the writings of Beatrice Webb, were advocates for the formation of federations of consumer cooperatives as means of achieving social reform.
She identified herself as a co-operative federalist, a school of thought which advocates consumer co-operative societies.

Coop (Italy)

CoopCoop ItaliaIpercoop
In Italy, the Coop Italia chain formed by many sub-cooperatives controlled 17.7% of the grocery market in 2005.
Coop is a system of Italian consumers' cooperatives which operates the largest supermarket chain in Italy.

Credit union

credit unionscaisse populairefederal credit union
However, there are many types of consumers' cooperatives, operating in areas such as health care, insurance, housing, utilities and personal finance (including credit unions).

Kooperativa Förbundet

KFCOOPCoop Sverige
In Scandinavia, the national cooperations of Norway, Sweden and Denmark joined as Coop Norden in January 2002, but separated again in 2008.
KF (Kooperativa Förbundet, "Swedish Co-operative Union") is a federation of consumer co-operatives in Sweden and a retail group, with groceries as its core business.

The Co-operative Travel

Co-op TravelCo-operative Traveltravel
One of the world's largest consumer co-operative federations operates in the UK as The Co-op, which together operates over 5500 branches of 'Co-op' branded business including Co-op Food (The UK's sixth largest supermarket chain), Co-op Funeralcare, Co-op Travel, Co-op Legal Services and Co-op Electrical.
The Co-operative Travel brand was also used by some independent retail co-operatives such as Midcounties Co-operative through their access to The Co-operative brand, and their use of the brand has continued.

Cooperative federalism (economics)

Co-operative FederalismCo-operative FederalistsCooperative Federalists
Cooperative Federalists, a term coined in the writings of Beatrice Webb, were advocates for the formation of federations of consumer cooperatives as means of achieving social reform.
As a result, we can define two different modes of cooperative organisation: consumers' cooperatives, in which the consumers of a cooperatives goods and services are defined as its users (including food cooperatives, credit unions, etc.), and producer cooperatives, in which the producers of a cooperative's goods and services are defined as its users (which includes worker cooperatives, agricultural producer cooperatives, for example), as advocated by cooperative individualism.

Mountain Equipment Co-op

MECMountain Equipment Coop
Similarly, outdoor retailer Mountain Equipment Co-op (MEC) in Canada, is one of the country's major consumer cooperatives.
Mountain Equipment Co-op (MEC) is a Canadian consumers' cooperative that sells outdoor recreation gear and clothing exclusively to its members.

Recreational Equipment, Inc.

REIR.E.I.Recreational Equipment Inc.
Seattle-based R.E.I., which specializes in outdoor sporting equipment, is the largest consumer cooperative in the United States.
It is organized as a consumers' co-operative.

PCC Community Markets

PCC Natural MarketsPCC (Puget Consumers Cooperative) Natural Markets
In the United States, the PCC (Puget Consumers Cooperative) Natural Markets in Seattle is the largest consumer-owned food cooperative.
With over 58,000 members, it is the largest consumer-owned food cooperative in the United States.

Co-op Kobe

Co-op Kobe in the Hyōgo Prefecture is the largest retail cooperative in Japan and, with over 1.2 million members, is one of the largest cooperatives in the world.
Co-op Kobe, officially known as Consumer Co-operative Kobe, is a consumers' cooperative based in Kobe, Japan.

Food cooperative

food co-opfood co-operativefood co-ops
In the United States, the PCC (Puget Consumers Cooperative) Natural Markets in Seattle is the largest consumer-owned food cooperative. Consumers' cooperatives often take the form of retail outlets owned and operated by their consumers, such as food co-ops.
Food cooperatives are usually consumer cooperatives, where the decisions regarding the production and distribution of its food are chosen by its members.

Rochdale Principles

co-operative principlesRochdaleCo-operative Principle
The Rochdale Pioneers established the ‘Rochdale Principles’ on which they ran their cooperative.