ContactPoint

Universal Child DatabaseInformation Sharing IndexISI
ContactPoint was a government database that held information on all children under 18 in England.wikipedia
86 Related Articles

Murder of Victoria Climbié

Victoria ClimbiéVictoria ClimbieMarie Therese Kouao
It was created in response to the abuse and death of eight-year-old Victoria Climbié in 2000 in England.
Climbié's death was largely responsible for the formation of the Every Child Matters initiative; the introduction of the Children Act 2004; the creation of the ContactPoint project, a government database designed to hold information on all children in England (now defunct after closure by the government of 2010); and the creation of the Office of the Children's Commissioner chaired by the Children's Commissioner for England.

Children Act 2004

Children ActChildren Act of 2004 ("S58CA04")
The database, created under the Children Act 2004, cost £224m to set up and £41m a year to run.
The Act also created the ContactPoint database; this, however, has since been axed.

Herbert Laming, Baron Laming

The Lord LamingLord LamingWilliam Herbert Laming
Victoria's death led to a public inquiry, launched on 31 May 2001 and chaired by Herbert Laming, which investigated the role of the agencies involved in her care.
The report led to the formation of the Every Child Matters programme, a framework to improve the lives of children; the introduction of the Children Act 2004, an Act of Parliament that provides the legislative base for many of the reforms; the creation of ContactPoint, a database that will hold information on all children in England and Wales; and the creation of the post of children's commissioner, to co-ordinate efforts to improve child protection.

Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition agreement

coalition agreementConservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition Agreementcoalition government
Following the 2010 General Election the new government scrapped the database as one of their measures 'to reverse the substantial erosion of civil liberties under the Labour Government and roll back state intrusion.' A YouGov poll found that there was no consensus over whether this was the correct or wrong decision.
This included: the scrapping of the National Identity Card and register, the [[British passport#Next Generation biometric passports and national identity registration|next generation biometric passport]] and the ContactPoint database.

Information Commissioner's Office

Information CommissionerData Protection RegistrarInformation Commissioner’s Office
In August 2004, the information commissioner, Richard Thomas, drawing a parallel with the way that governments in Eastern Europe and Spain gained too much power and information in the 20th century, expressed concern over this and other national databases, including the Citizen Information Project, NHS National Programme for IT, and the introduction of identity cards, warning that there was a danger of the country 'sleepwalk[ing] into a surveillance society'.
During Richard Thomas' tenure as Commissioner, the ICO was particularly noted for raising serious concerns over the Government's proposed British national identity card and database, as well as other similar databases such as the Citizen Information Project, Universal Child Database, and the NHS National Programme for IT, stating that the country is in danger of sleepwalking into a surveillance society, drawing attention to the misuse of such information by the former states of the Eastern bloc and Francisco Franco's Spain.

Identity Cards Act 2006

National Identity RegisterID cardsidentity cards
In August 2004, the information commissioner, Richard Thomas, drawing a parallel with the way that governments in Eastern Europe and Spain gained too much power and information in the 20th century, expressed concern over this and other national databases, including the Citizen Information Project, NHS National Programme for IT, and the introduction of identity cards, warning that there was a danger of the country 'sleepwalk[ing] into a surveillance society'.
In the Conservative – Liberal Democrat Coalition Agreement that followed the 2010 general election, the new government announced that they planned to scrap the ID card scheme, including the National Identity Register (as well as the next generation of biometric passports and the ContactPoint database), as part of their measures "to reverse the substantial erosion of civil liberties under the Labour Government and roll back state intrusion."

NHS Connecting for Health

National Programme for ITNHS National Programme for ITConnecting for Health
In August 2004, the information commissioner, Richard Thomas, drawing a parallel with the way that governments in Eastern Europe and Spain gained too much power and information in the 20th century, expressed concern over this and other national databases, including the Citizen Information Project, NHS National Programme for IT, and the introduction of identity cards, warning that there was a danger of the country 'sleepwalk[ing] into a surveillance society'.

Government database

databaseGovernment databasesGovernmental database
ContactPoint was a government database that held information on all children under 18 in England.

Child abuse

abuseabusiveabused
It was created in response to the abuse and death of eight-year-old Victoria Climbié in 2000 in England.

Child protection

child welfarechild safetywelfare of children
ContactPoint aimed to improve child protection by improving the way information about children was shared between services.

Capgemini

Cap GeminiSerge KampfVolmac
It was designed by Capgemini and previously had the working titles of Information Sharing Index (or IS Index or ISI) and the Children's Index.

Pound sterling

£GBPpounds
The database, created under the Children Act 2004, cost £224m to set up and £41m a year to run.

Local government in England

Leadershiplocal governmentlocal authorities
It operated in 150 local authorities, and was accessible to at least 330,000 users.

Information security

securityINFOSECinformation
The database was heavily criticised by a wide range of groups, mainly for privacy, security and child protection reasons.

Abobo

Abobo-Doumé
In April 1999, Victoria Climbié (born 2 November 1991 in Abobo, Côte d'Ivoire, died 25 February 2000 at St. Mary's Hospital, London) and her great aunt Marie-Thérèse Kouao arrived in London, sent by her parents for a chance of an education.

Ivory Coast

Côte d'ivoireIvorianCote d'Ivoire
In April 1999, Victoria Climbié (born 2 November 1991 in Abobo, Côte d'Ivoire, died 25 February 2000 at St. Mary's Hospital, London) and her great aunt Marie-Thérèse Kouao arrived in London, sent by her parents for a chance of an education.

St Mary's Hospital, London

St Mary's HospitalSt. Mary's HospitalSt. Mary's Hospital, Paddington
In April 1999, Victoria Climbié (born 2 November 1991 in Abobo, Côte d'Ivoire, died 25 February 2000 at St. Mary's Hospital, London) and her great aunt Marie-Thérèse Kouao arrived in London, sent by her parents for a chance of an education.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
In April 1999, Victoria Climbié (born 2 November 1991 in Abobo, Côte d'Ivoire, died 25 February 2000 at St. Mary's Hospital, London) and her great aunt Marie-Thérèse Kouao arrived in London, sent by her parents for a chance of an education.

Law enforcement in the United Kingdom

British policepolicePolicing in the United Kingdom
In the period leading up to her death, the police, the social services of many local authorities, the NHS, the NSPCC, and local churches all had contact with her, and noted the signs of abuse.

Welfare

social welfarepublic assistancesocial assistance
In the period leading up to her death, the police, the social services of many local authorities, the NHS, the NSPCC, and local churches all had contact with her, and noted the signs of abuse.

National Health Service (England)

National Health ServiceNHSNHS England
In the period leading up to her death, the police, the social services of many local authorities, the NHS, the NSPCC, and local churches all had contact with her, and noted the signs of abuse.

National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children

NSPCCSociety for the Prevention of Cruelty to ChildrenNational Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC)
In the period leading up to her death, the police, the social services of many local authorities, the NHS, the NSPCC, and local churches all had contact with her, and noted the signs of abuse.

Child murder

child killerchild homicidechild murderer
On 20 November 2000, her guardians, Marie Thérèse Kouao and Carl Manning, were charged with child cruelty and murder; on 12 January 2001, both were found guilty, and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Public inquiry

Board of Inquirycommission of inquirypublic enquiry
Victoria's death led to a public inquiry, launched on 31 May 2001 and chaired by Herbert Laming, which investigated the role of the agencies involved in her care.

Every Child Matters

Every Child Matters: Change for Children
The Laming report led to, amongst other things, the creation of the Every Child Matters programme, which consists of three green papers: Every Child Matters, published in September 2003; Every Child Matters: The Next Steps, published in early 2004; and Every Child Matters: Change for Children, published in November 2004.