Contactless smart card

contactless smartcardcontactlesscontactless cardscontactless cardsmartcardRFIDchipcontactless chipcontactless credit cardscontactless format
A contactless smart card is a contactless credential whose dimensions are credit-card size.wikipedia
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MIFARE

MIFARE ClassicDESFireMIFARE DESFire
The various standards emerging are local in focus and are not compatible, though the MIFARE Classic card from Philips has a large market share in the United States and Europe.
MIFARE is the NXP Semiconductors-owned trademark of a series of chips used in contactless smart cards and proximity cards.

Biometric passport

biometrice-passportbiometric passports
Contactless smart cards are being integrated into ICAO biometric passports to enhance security for international travel.
It uses contactless smart card technology, including a microprocessor chip (computer chip) and antenna (for both power to the chip and communication) embedded in the front or back cover, or centre page, of the passport.

EasyCard

Easy Card
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
The EasyCard is a contactless smartcard system operated by the EasyCard Corporation, which was previously named the "Taipei Smart Card Corporation", for payment on the Taipei Metro (also known as "Taipei MRT", or "Taipei Rapid Transit System"), buses, and other public transport services in Taipei since June 2002, expanded to multiple place of business.

Shanghai Public Transport Card

Shanghai Public Transportation CardPublic Transportation CardCPTC / Jiaotong Yikatong
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
The Shanghai Public Transportation Card (SPTC) or jiaotong yikatong ( also known as ) is a contactless card, utilizing RFID technology, which can be used to access many forms of public transport and related services in and around Shanghai.

Presto card

Presto
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
The Presto card (stylized as PRESTO) is a contactless smart card automated fare collection system used on participating public transit systems in the province of Ontario, Canada, specifically in Greater Toronto, Hamilton, and Ottawa.

Suica

Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
Suica is a rechargeable contactless smart card, electronic money used as a fare card on train lines in Japan, launched on November 18, 2001.

Clipper card

ClipperClipper cardsTranslink
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
The Clipper card is a reloadable contactless smart card used for electronic transit fare payment in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Myki

Melbourne's Myki CardMelbourne's public transport ticketing systemMyki smart card
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
Myki is a reloadable credit card-sized contactless smart card ticketing system used for electronic payment of fares on most public transport services in Melbourne and regional Victoria, Australia.

Opal card

Opal smart cardOpalOpal ticketing system
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
The card is a credit card-sized smartcard which includes a microchip and internal RFID aerial, allowing the card to communicate with readers.

Automated fare collection

automated fare collection systemAutomated Fare Collection (AFC)Automatic Fare Collection
Since the start of using the Seoul Transportation Card, numerous cities have moved to the introduction of contactless smart cards as the fare media in an automated fare collection system.
Since their introduction in 1997 with the Octopus card in Hong Kong, contactless smart cards have become the standard fare media in AFC systems, though many systems support multiple media types.

EMV

Chip and PINEMVCoEMV Chip
In general there are two classes of contactless bank cards: magnetic stripe data (MSD) and contactless EMV.
These include cards that must be physically inserted (or "dipped") into a reader, as well as contactless cards that can be read over a short distance using near-field communication (NFC) technology.

Resonant inductive coupling

resonant energy transferMagnetic phase synchronous couplingWireless non-radiative energy transfer
Instead, they use a built-in inductor, using the principle of resonant inductive coupling, to capture some of the incident electromagnetic signal, rectify it, and use it to power the card's electronics.
Deployed systems already generate magnetic fields, for example induction cookers in the tens of kHz where high fields are permitted, and contactless smart card readers, where higher frequency is possible as the required energies are lower.

Contactless payment

contactlesscontactless fare paymentcontactless payments
Starting around 2005, a major application of the technology has been contactless payment credit and debit cards.
Contactless smart cards that function as stored-value cards are becoming popular for use as transit system farecards, such as the Oyster card or RioCard.

American Express

American Express CompanyAmerican Express BankAmex
American Express offers various contactless credit cards.

UnionPay

China UnionPayChina Union PayCUP
On the introduction of EMV chips into China UnionPay cards, banks also introduced QuickPass, a contactless smart card feature similar to MasterCard's PayPass or Visa's payWave.

Access control

accessaccess rightsAccess Control Systems
There are many card technologies including magnetic stripe, bar code, Wiegand, 125 kHz proximity, 26-bit card-swipe, contact smart cards, and contactless smart cards.

Octopus card

OctopusOctopus CardsOctopus stored-value card
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
Launched in September 1997 to collect fares for the territory's mass transit system, the Octopus card system is the second contactless smart card system in the world, after the Korean Upass, and has since grown into a widely used payment system for all public transport in Hong Kong, leading to the development of Oyster Card in London, Opal Card in New South Wales and many other similar systems around the world.

Oyster card

OysterOyster CardsOystercard
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.

Public transport

public transportationpublic transitmass transit
The following tables list smart cards used for public transportation and other electronic purse applications.
Passengers may be issued with a paper ticket, a metal or plastic token, or a magnetic or electronic card (smart card, contactless smart card).

Smart card

smartcardIC Cardsmart cards
Others are contactless, and some are both.

Proximity card

contactless fare collection systemproximity cardsproximity
The term "proximity card" refers to the older 125 kHz devices as distinct from the newer 13.56 MHz contactless smartcards.

San Francisco Bay Area

Bay AreaSan FranciscoBay Area, California
Examples of widely used contactless smart cards are Taiwan's EasyCard, Hong Kong's Octopus card, Shanghai's Public Transportation Card, South Korea's T-money, London's Oyster card, Beijing's Municipal Administration and Communications Card, Southern Ontario's Presto card, Japan Rail's Suica Card, the San Francisco Bay Area's Clipper Card, Melbourne's Myki Card, Sydney's Opal Card and India's More Card which predate the ISO/IEC 14443 standard.
Most of these agencies accept the Clipper Card, a reloadable contactless smart card, as a universal electronic payment system.

RuPay

Magnetic stripe card

magnetic stripemagnetic stripmagnetic card
Some smart cards have metal contacts to electrically connect the card to the reader, and contactless cards use a magnetic field or radio frequency (RFID) for proximity reading.

Credit card

credit cardscreditcredit-card
A contactless smart card is a contactless credential whose dimensions are credit-card size.