Continent

Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. Depending on the convention and model, some continents may be consolidated or subdivided: for example, Eurasia is most often subdivided into Asia and Europe (red shades), while North and South America are sometimes recognised as one American continent (green shades)
Map of island countries: these states are often grouped geographically with a neighbouring continental landmass
Reconstruction of the supercontinent Pangaea approximately 200 million years ago.
The Indian subcontinent
The Ancient Greek geographer Strabo holding a globe showing Europa and Asia
Medieval T and O map showing the three continents as domains of the sons of Noah—Asia to Sem (Shem), Europe to Iafeth (Japheth), and Africa to Cham (Ham).
Universalis Cosmographia, Waldseemüller's 1507 world map—the first to show the Americas separate from Asia
Hollandia Nova, 1659 map prepared by Joan Blaeu based on voyages by Abel Tasman and Willem Jansz, this image shows a French edition of 1663
Principal tectonic plates of the continents and the floor of the oceans

Any of several large landmasses.

- Continent

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Oceania

Geographical region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.

Ethnocultural subregions of Oceania.
A German map of Oceania from 1884, showing the region to encompass Australia and all islands between Asia and Latin America.
A map of member states for the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF), the member states are depicted in blue. The PIF is a governing organization for the Pacific, and all of its members are politically within Oceania. Territories geographically associated with Oceania, but not politically associated with Oceania, such as Easter Island, Hawaii and Western New Guinea, have considered gaining representation in the PIF.
An exclusive economic zone map of the Pacific which includes territories not politically associated with Oceania, that may be considered geographically or geologically within Oceania.
A 19th-century engraving of an Aboriginal Australian encampment
Stone money transport to Yap Island in Micronesia (1880)
Chronological dispersal of Austronesian people across the Pacific (per Bellwood in Chambers, 2008)
Moai at Ahu Tongariki on Rapa Nui (Easter Island)
1852 map of Oceania by J. G. Barbié du Bocage. Includes regions of Polynesia, Micronesia, Melanesia and Malesia.
New Guinea from 1884 to 1919. The Netherlands controlled the western half of New Guinea, Germany the north-eastern part, and Britain the south-eastern part.
New Zealand troops land on Vella Lavella, in Solomon Islands.
Aoraki / Mount Cook, located on the South Island of New Zealand
Puncak Jaya / Carstensz Pyramid, highest summit in Oceania
A map of Oceania from the CIA World Factbook
Exclusive economic zones of Pacific states and territories
The Pacific Plate comprises most of Oceania, excluding Australasia and the western portion of Melanesia.
New Zealand countryside
Uluru (Ayers Rock) in Central Australia
The Pacific robin inhabits the islands of the south western Pacific.
August 2011 winter's snowfall in Dunedin, Otago
Saione, the church of the King, a Free Wesleyan Church in Kolomotuʻa, Tonga. Especially British and American missionaries brought various Protestant denominations to Oceania.
Many Portuguese immigrants in Hawaii were Azorean or Madeiran.
The skyline of Sydney
Auckland's central business district at night.
Honolulu viewed from Diamond Head crater
Shangri-La's Fijian Resort
Dandenong Ranges in Victoria are popular among tourists.
Elizabeth is Head of the Commonwealth and Queen of five Oceanian countries: Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.
Government building in the Samoan capital Apia housing administrative ministerial offices.
On 28 June 2007, the Sydney Opera House became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Iolani Palace in Honolulu, formerly the residence of the Hawaiian monarch, was restored and opened to the public as a museum in 1978.
The Hobbiton Movie Set, located near Matamata, was used for The Lord of the Rings film trilogy.
A fale on Manono Island
Gwion Gwion rock paintings found in the north-west Kimberley region of Western Australia
Fiji playing Wales at seven-a-side rugby

When compared with the continents, the region of Oceania is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.

Continental crust

The thickness of Earth's crust (km)
Continental and oceanic crust on the upper earth mantle

Continental crust is the layer of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks that forms the geological continents and the areas of shallow seabed close to their shores, known as continental shelves.

Afro-Eurasia

Afro-Eurasia on a cylindrical projection, with the contiguous "World Island" landmass in dark green and islands in light green

Afro-Eurasia (also Afroeurasia or Eurafrasia ) is a landmass comprising the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Continental Europe

Extent of the contiguous mainland of Europe, Continental Europe
The European continent's eastern half in Russia, as bounded by the Caucasus Mountains to the south, and which extends as far as the Ural Mountains
Europa Regina map (Sebastian Munster, 1570), excluding the greater part of Fennoscandia, but including Great Britain and Ireland, Bulgaria, Scythia, Moscovia and Tartaria; Sicily is clasped by Europe in the form of a Globus cruciger.
Extent of Carolingian Europe
The "core Europe" of the Inner Six signatories of the Treaty of Paris (1951) (shown in blue; the French Fourth Republic shown with Algeria).
Map of the Scandiae islands by Nicolaus Germanus for a 1467 publication of Cosmographia Claudii Ptolomaei Alexandrini.

Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent of Europe, excluding its surrounding islands.

Contiguous United States

A map showing the contiguous United States and, in insets at the lower left, the two states that are not contiguous
Map showing Alaska's actual physical relationship with the Lower 48

The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States, also known as the Lower 48, consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states and the District of Columbia on the continent of North America.

Africa

The totality of Africa seen by the Apollo 17 crew
Lucy, an Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered 24 November 1974 in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia's Afar Depression
Saharan rock art in the Fezzan
Diachronic map showing African empires spanning roughly 500 BCE to 1500 CE
The Ezana Stone records King Ezana's conversion to Christianity and his subjugation of various neighboring peoples, including Meroë.
The intricate 9th-century bronzes from Igbo-Ukwu, in Nigeria displayed a level of technical accomplishment that was notably more advanced than European bronze casting of the same period.
Ruins of Great Zimbabwe (flourished eleventh to fifteenth centuries)
Major slave trading regions of Africa, 15th–19th centuries.
Comparison of Africa in the years 1880 and 1913
Topography of Africa
Today, the African Plate is moving over Earth's surface at a speed of 0.292° ± 0.007° per million years, relative to the "average" Earth (NNR-MORVEL56)
The main biomes in Africa.
Africa Water Precipitation
Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania
African countries by GDP (PPP) per capita in 2020
A map showing religious distribution in Africa
A simplistic view of language families spoken in Africa
The rock-hewn Church of Saint George in Lalibela, Ethiopia is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Nok figure (5th century BC-5th century AD)
A musician from South Africa
Best results of African men's national football teams at the FIFA World Cup
An animated map shows the order of independence of African nations, 1950–2011
Africa's wars and conflicts, 1980–96 {{legend|#cc4c02|Major Wars/Conflict (100,000 + Casualties)}}{{legend|#fe9929|Minor Wars/Conflict}}{{legend|#fed98e|Other Conflicts}}
Political map of Africa in 2021

Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases.

Asia

Map of the most populous part of Asia showing physical, political and population characteristics, as per 2018
Definitions used for the boundary between Europe and Asia in different periods of History. The commonly accepted modern definition mostly fits with the lines "B" and "F" in this image.
Afro-Eurasia shown in green
Ptolemy's Asia
The province of Asia highlighted (in red) within the Roman Empire.
The Silk Road connected civilizations across Asia
The Mongol Empire at its greatest extent. The gray area is the later Timurid Empire.
The Himalayan range is home to some of the planet's highest peaks.
Division of Asia into regions by the UNSD
Graph showing temperature change in Asia from 1901 to 2021. Climate change is having major impacts on many countries in the continent.
Singapore has one of the busiest container ports in the world and is the world's fourth largest foreign exchange trading center.
Mumbai is one of the most populous cities on the continent. The city is an infrastructure and tourism hub, and plays a crucial role in the economy of India.
Wat Phra Kaew in the Grand Palace is among Bangkok's major tourist attractions.
Graph showing population by continent as a percentage of world population (1750–2005)
The Western Wall and the Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem
The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
Pilgrims in the annual Hajj at the Kaabah in Mecca.
The Swaminarayan Akshardham Temple in Delhi, according to the Guinness World Records is the World's Largest Comprehensive Hindu Temple
The Hindu-Buddhist temple of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, the largest religious monument in the world
A refugee special train in Ambala, Punjab during the partition of India in 1947
US forces drop Napalm on suspected Viet Cong positions in 1965
Wounded civilians arrive at a hospital in Aleppo during the Syrian Civil War, October 2012
Demonstrations in Hong Kong against the Extradition bill began in March 2019 and turned into continuing mass movements, drawing around 2 million protesters by June
Indian polymath Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, and became Asia's first Nobel laureate.
From 1841 to 1997, Hong Kong was a British colony.
The threefold division of the Old World into Europe, Asia and Africa has been in use since the 6th century BC, due to Greek geographers such as Anaximander and Hecataeus.
1825 map of Asia by Sidney Edwards Morse.
Map of western, southern, and central Asia in 1885<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.wdl.org/en/item/11753/#institution=library-of-congress&page=17 |title=A Map of the Countries between Constantinople and Calcutta: Including Turkey in Asia, Persia, Afghanistan and Turkestan |website=Wdl.org |access-date=9 November 2017 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171017220525/https://www.wdl.org/en/item/11753/#institution=library-of-congress&page=17 |archive-date=17 October 2017 |year=1885 }}</ref>
The map of Asia in 1796, which also included the continent of Australia (then known as New Holland).
1890 map of Asia
Kerala backwaters
Mongolian steppe
South China Karst
Altai Mountains
Hunza Valley
Atolls of the Maldives
Wadi Rum in Jordan
Japanese wedding at the Meiji Shrine
Hindu festival celebrated by Singapore's Tamil community
Bar mitzvah at the Western Wall in Jerusalem
Catholic procession of the Black Nazarene in Manila
Druze dignitaries celebrating the Ziyarat al-Nabi Shu'ayb festival at the tomb of the prophet in Hittin
Christian Armenians praying at the Etchmiadzin Cathedral in Vagharshapat
Muslim men praying at the Ortaköy Mosque in Istanbul
Buddhist Monks performing traditional Sand mandala made from coloured sand

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.

Continental fragment

Azores Plateau, a continental fragment located in the North Atlantic Ocean

Continental crustal fragments, partly synonymous with microcontinents, are pieces of continents that have broken off from main continental masses to form distinct islands that are often several hundred kilometers from their place of origin.

Zealandia

Almost entirely submerged mass of continental crust that subsided after breaking away from Gondwanaland 83–79 million years ago.

Topography of Zealandia, outlined in pink. The linear ridges running north-northeast (Colville to the west and Kermadec to the east, separated by the Havre Trough and Lau Basin) and southwest (the Resolution Ridge System) away from New Zealand are not considered part of Zealandia, nor are Australia (upper left), Vanuatu, or Fiji (top centre).
Topographic map of Zealandia
Most of Zealandia is underwater. Ball's Pyramid, near Lord Howe Island, is one place where it rises above sea level.
Exclusive economic zone of New Zealand and continental shelf boundaries for much of Zealandia

It has been described variously as a submerged continent, a continental fragment (or microcontinent), and a continent.

North America

Map of populous North America showing physical, political and population characteristics as per 2018
Map of North America, from 1621
The totality of North America seen by the Apollo 16 crew, with Canada being covered by clouds
Landforms and land cover of North America
Sonoran Desert in Arizona
Moraine Lake in Banff National Park
Nuuk, the capital city of Greenland
Principal hydrological divides of Canada, the United States and Mexico
Geologic map of North America published by USGS
North America map of Köppen climate classification
Map of North America in 1702 showing forts, towns and (in solid colors) areas occupied by European settlements
Non-native nations' control and claims over North America c. 1750–2008
Native languages of the US, Canada, Greenland, and Northern Mexico
Percentage of people who identify with a religion in North America, according to 2010–2012 data
Mexican President Peña Nieto, U.S. President Trump, and Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau sign the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement during the G20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 30 November 2018
Worlds regions by total wealth (in trillions USD), 2018
2006 map of the North American Class I railroad network
Baseball is traditionally known as America's national pastime, but is also played in Canada, and many Latin American countries as well.

North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere.