Convention on Biological Diversity

CBDBiodiversityUnited Nations Convention on Biological DiversityBiodiversity ConventionConvention on Biological Diversity (CBD)UN Convention on Biological DiversityAichi TargetsBiodiversity TreatyBiological DiversityCristiana Pașca Palmer
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.wikipedia
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Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Biosafety ProtocolCartagena ProtocolCartagena
CBD has two supplementary agreements - Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.
The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement on biosafety as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity effective since 2003.

Nagoya Protocol

Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing
CBD has two supplementary agreements - Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.
The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity, also known as the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) is a 2010 supplementary agreement to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
The Convention has three main goals including: the conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity); the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
This definition is used in the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.

Biotechnology

biotechbiotechnologicalBio-Technology
Biotechnology is the broad area of biology involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art.

Earth Summit

United Nations Conference on Environment and DevelopmentRio Earth SummitRio Summit
The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.
The Convention on Biological Diversity was opened for signature at the Earth Summit, and made a start towards redefinition of measures that did not inherently encourage destruction of natural ecoregions and so-called uneconomic growth.

Conservation biology

conservationAnimal conservationconservationist
While past conservation efforts were aimed at protecting particular species and habitats, the Convention recognizes that ecosystems, species and genes must be used for the benefit of humans.
By 1992, most of the countries of the world had become committed to the principles of conservation of biological diversity with the Convention on Biological Diversity; subsequently many countries began programmes of Biodiversity Action Plans to identify and conserve threatened species within their borders, as well as protect associated habitats.

Traditional knowledge

indigenous knowledgelocal knowledgeindigenous
In 1992, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) recognized the value of traditional knowledge in protecting species, ecosystems and landscapes, and incorporated language regulating access to it and its use (discussed below).

Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias

Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias was the previous executive secretary.
Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias (born 1953), a national of Brazil, who worked for the United Nations as Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), at the Assistant Secretary-General level.

Biodiversity Indicators Partnership

2010 Biodiversity Indicators Partnership
The Partnership was initially established to help monitor progress towards the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 2010 Biodiversity target.

Slovakia

SlovakSVKSlovak Republic
The fourth ordinary meeting of the parties to the convention took place in May 1998, in Bratislava, Slovakia.
Slovakia signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 19 May 1993, and became a party to the convention on 25 August 1994.

2010 Biodiversity Target

Countdown 2010
One year later, the Convention on Biological Diversity's sixth Conference of the Parties adopted the Strategic Plan for the Convention in Decision VI/26.

Climate engineering

geoengineeringgeo-engineeringHydrological geoengineering
The Convention on Biological Diversity of 2010 banned some forms of geoengineering.

International Year of Biodiversity

2010 was the International Year of Biodiversity and the Secretariat of the CBD was its focal point.
The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), based in Montreal, Canada, was coordinating the International Year of Biodiversity campaign.

Malaysia

Federation of MalaysiaMalaysianMalaya
The seventh ordinary meeting of the parties to the convention took place in February 2004, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Malaysia signed the Rio Convention on Biological Diversity on 12 June 1993, and became a party to the convention on 24 June 1994.

Biological Diversity Act, 2002

Biological Diversity Act
The Act was enacted to meet the obligations under Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), to which India is a party.

Curitiba

Curitiba, BrazilCuritiba, ParanáCuritiba Master Plan
The eighth ordinary meeting of the parties to the convention took place in March 2006, in Curitiba, Brazil.
On 20–31 March 2006 the Convention on biodiversity took place in Pinhais (a city near Curitiba), addressing items of the 1993 Convention on Biological Diversity adopted by 188 countries.

International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Plant protectionAccess and Benefit Sharing AgreementsBiodiversity
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (IT PGRFA), popularly known as the International Seed Treaty, is a comprehensive international agreement in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity, which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation, exchange and sustainable use of the world's plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), as well as the fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from its use.

Ecosystem-based adaptation

adaptationecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation
Parties adopted the Voluntary Guidelines for the design and effective implementation of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction.
The concept of EbA has been promoted through international fora, including the processes of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Green Development Initiative

Green Development Initiative (GDI)
As a key first step it has established a Platform for Verified Conservation Areas (VCAs) which includes an online Registry, a Standard and a Toolkit The Standard is based on the objectives and approaches of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

National Biodiversity Centre (Singapore)

National Biodiversity CentreRed Data Book of Singapore
The National Biodiversity Centre will also represent Singapore in various biodiversity-related international and regional conventions, including the Convention on Biological Diversity, ASEAN Center for Biodiversity, ASEAN Working Group on Nature Conservation and Biodiversity and ASEANET.

United Nations Decade on Biodiversity

Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Following a recommendation of CBD signatories during COP 10 at Nagoya in October 2010, the UN, on 22 December 2010, declared 2011 to 2020 as the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity.
The UN Decade on Biodiversity serves to support and promote the implementation of the objectives of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which were adopted at the 10th Conference of the Parties to the CBD, in Nagoya, Japan, in 2010.

Environmental Modification Convention

Environmental ModificationConvention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification TechniquesConventEnvironmental Modification
The Convention on Biological Diversity of 2010 would also ban some forms of weather modification or geoengineering.

World Wide Views on Global Warming

Leading up to the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) meeting on biodiversity in Hyderabad, India 2012, preparations for a World Wide Views on Biodiversity has begun, involving old and new partners and building on the experiences from the World Wide Views on Global Warming.
Leading up to the Convention on Biological Diversity Conference of the Parties (COP 11) meeting on biodiversity in India 2012, 34 citizen meetings in 25 countries across the world was held on September 15, 2012, involving 42 old and new partners and building on the experiences from the World Wide View on Global Warming as part of the newest World Wide Views project, World Wide Views on Biodiversity.