Cook Islands

Cook IslandCookThe Cook IslandsdistrictsCook IslanderCKCOKConstitution Day (Cook Islands)Cook Islands (The)Cooks
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.wikipedia
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Associated state

free associationassociated statesBritish associated state
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
In the case of the Cook Islands and Niue, the details of their free association arrangement are contained in several documents, such as their respective constitutions, the 1983 Exchange of Letters between the governments of New Zealand and the Cook Islands, and the 2001 Joint Centenary Declaration.

Rarotonga

RaratongaRarotonga, Cook IslandsTe Au O Tonga
The Cook Islands' main population centres are on the island of Rarotonga (10,572 in 2011), where there is an international airport.
Rarotonga is the most populous of the Cook Islands, with a population of 10,572 (census 2011), out of the country's total resident population of 14,974.

Cook Islanders

Cook IslanderCook IslandCook Islands
Cook Islanders are citizens of New Zealand, but they also have the status of Cook Islands nationals, which is not given to other New Zealand citizens.
Cook Islanders are residents of the Cook Islands, which is composed of 15 islands and atolls in Polynesia in the Pacific Ocean.

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
The Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica.

Pukapuka

Danger IslandPuka Puka Pukapuka
The first written record came in 1595 when the island of Pukapuka was sighted by Spanish sailor Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira, who gave it the name San Bernardo (Saint Bernard). On 11 June 1980, the United States signed a treaty with the Cook Islands specifying the maritime border between the Cook Islands and American Samoa and also relinquishing any American claims to Penrhyn, Pukapuka, Manihiki, and Rakahanga. There are island councils on all of the inhabited outer islands (Outer Islands Local Government Act 1987 with amendments up to 2004, and Palmerston Island Local Government Act 1993) except Nassau, which is governed by Pukapuka (Suwarrow, with only one caretaker living on the island, also governed by Pukapuka, is not counted with the inhabited islands in this context).
Pukapuka, formerly Danger Island, is a coral atoll in the northern group of the Cook Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Rakahanga

Pedro Fernandes de Queirós, a Portuguese captain working for the Spanish crown, made the first recorded European landing in the islands when he set foot on Rakahanga in 1606, calling the island Gente Hermosa (Beautiful People). On 11 June 1980, the United States signed a treaty with the Cook Islands specifying the maritime border between the Cook Islands and American Samoa and also relinquishing any American claims to Penrhyn, Pukapuka, Manihiki, and Rakahanga.
Rakahanga is part of the Cook Islands, situated in the central-southern Pacific Ocean.

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
Spanish expeditions also discovered Tuvalu, the Marquesas, the Cook Islands, the Solomon Islands, and the Admiralty Islands in the South Pacific.

Polynesians

PolynesianPolynesian peoplePolynesian peoples
The latest carbon-dating evidence reveals that the Cook Islands were first settled by around AD 1000 by Polynesian people who are thought to have migrated from Tahiti, an island 1154 km to the northeast of the main island of Rarotonga.
There are an estimated 2 million ethnic Polynesians (full and part) worldwide, the vast majority of whom inhabit independent Polynesian nation states (Samoa, Niue, Cook Islands, Tonga and Tuvalu) and form minorities in Australia, Chile (Easter Island), New Zealand, France (French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna), United Kingdom Overseas Territories (Pitcairn Islands) and the United States (Hawaii and American Samoa).

Aitutaki

Aitutaki Island Aitutaki Aitutaki, Cook Islands
However, it did not include Aitutaki. Dialects of Cook Islands Maori include Penrhyn; Rakahanga-Manihiki; the Ngaputoru dialect of Atiu, Mitiaro, and Mauke; the Aitutaki dialect; and the Mangaian dialect.
Aitutaki, also traditionally known as Araura and Utataki, is one of the Cook Islands, north of Rarotonga.

Niue

Niue IslandNiue-FekaiNiueans
On 6 September 1900, the islanders' leaders presented a petition asking that the islands (including Niue "if possible") be annexed as British territory.
Niue is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2400 km northeast of New Zealand, east of Tonga, south of Samoa, and west of the Cook Islands.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectionprotectorates
The Cook Islands became a British protectorate in 1888, largely because of community fears that France might occupy the islands as it already had Tahiti.
Examples of microstates understood as modern protected states include Andorra, Bhutan, Liechtenstein, San Marino, Monaco, Niue, the Cook Islands, and Palau.

Rarotonga International Airport

Rarotongainternational airportRarotonga Airport
The Cook Islands' main population centres are on the island of Rarotonga (10,572 in 2011), where there is an international airport.
Rarotonga International Airport is the Cook Islands' main international gateway, located in the town and district of Avarua, Rarotonga, 3 km west of the downtown area on the northern coast.

Manuae (Cook Islands)

ManuaeHervey IslandsManuae Island
British navigator Captain James Cook arrived in 1773 and again in 1777 giving the island of Manuae the name Hervey Island.
Manuae is an uninhabited atoll in the southern group of the Cook Islands, 100 kilometres south-east of Aitutaki.

Public holidays in the Cook Islands

Constitution DayCook IslandsMangaia Gospel Day
The first Monday in August is celebrated each year as Constitution Day.
The following are public holidays in the Cook Islands as prescribed by the Public Holidays Act in 1999.

American Samoa

America SamoaSamoaAS
The Cook Islands are in the South Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Zealand, between French Polynesia and American Samoa. On 11 June 1980, the United States signed a treaty with the Cook Islands specifying the maritime border between the Cook Islands and American Samoa and also relinquishing any American claims to Penrhyn, Pukapuka, Manihiki, and Rakahanga.
All islands except for Swains Island are part of the Samoan Islands, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau.

Albert Henry (politician)

Albert HenryAlbert Royle HenrySir Albert Henry
Albert Henry of the Cook Islands Party was elected as the first Premier.
Albert Royle Henry (11 June 1907 – 1 January 1981) was the first Premier of the Cook Islands.

Democratic Party (Cook Islands)

Democratic PartyCook Islands Democratic PartyDemocrat
He was succeeded by Tom Davis of the Democratic Party.
The Democratic Party (also known for a time as the Democratic Alliance Party) is a liberal political party in the Cook Islands.

Cook Islands Party

CIP
Albert Henry of the Cook Islands Party was elected as the first Premier.
The Cook Islands Party is a nationalist political party in the Cook Islands.

Manihiki

Manihiki Atoll Manihiki Manahiki
On 11 June 1980, the United States signed a treaty with the Cook Islands specifying the maritime border between the Cook Islands and American Samoa and also relinquishing any American claims to Penrhyn, Pukapuka, Manihiki, and Rakahanga.
Manihiki is an island in the northern group of the Cook Islands known informally as the "Island of Pearls".

Suwarrow

SuvorovSuvorov AtollSuwarrow Atoll
There are island councils on all of the inhabited outer islands (Outer Islands Local Government Act 1987 with amendments up to 2004, and Palmerston Island Local Government Act 1993) except Nassau, which is governed by Pukapuka (Suwarrow, with only one caretaker living on the island, also governed by Pukapuka, is not counted with the inhabited islands in this context).
Suwarrow (also called Suvorov, Suvarou, or Suvarov) is an island in the northern group of the Cook Islands in the south Pacific Ocean.

New Zealand nationality law

New Zealand citizenshipNew Zealand citizenNew Zealand citizens
Cook Islanders are citizens of New Zealand, but they also have the status of Cook Islands nationals, which is not given to other New Zealand citizens.
When the Cook Islands and Niue became New Zealand territories in 1901, their inhabitants were already British subjects.

Palmerston Island

PalmerstonPalmerston AtollPamati
Palmerston Island is a coral atoll in the Cook Islands in the Pacific Ocean about 500 km northwest of Rarotonga.

Nassau (Cook Islands)

NassauNassau Island
There are island councils on all of the inhabited outer islands (Outer Islands Local Government Act 1987 with amendments up to 2004, and Palmerston Island Local Government Act 1993) except Nassau, which is governed by Pukapuka (Suwarrow, with only one caretaker living on the island, also governed by Pukapuka, is not counted with the inhabited islands in this context).
Nassau is an island in the Cook Islands.

Takutea

Takutea, in the Cook Islands, is a small uninhabited island 21 km northwest of Atiu in the southern Cook Islands.

Mitiaro

Mitiaro Mitiaro Island
Dialects of Cook Islands Maori include Penrhyn; Rakahanga-Manihiki; the Ngaputoru dialect of Atiu, Mitiaro, and Mauke; the Aitutaki dialect; and the Mangaian dialect.
Mitiaro, the fourth island in the Cook Islands group, is of volcanic origin.