Cooperative

co-operativeco-opcooperativesco-operativesco-opscooperative societyco-operative societySocietà Cooperativaco-operative societiesco-operative movement
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".wikipedia
2,385 Related Articles

Worker cooperative

worker cooperativesworker co-operativeworkers' co-operative
A worker cooperative or producer cooperative is a cooperative that is owned and democratically controlled by its "worker-owners".
A worker cooperative is a cooperative that is owned and self-managed by its workers.

Robert Owen

OwenOweniteMr Owen
In 1810, Welsh social reformer Robert Owen, from Newtown in mid-Wales, and his partners purchased New Lanark mill from Owen's father-in-law David Dale and proceeded to introduce better labour standards including discounted retail shops where profits were passed on to his employees.
Robert Owen (14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858), a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one founder of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement, is best known for efforts to improve working conditions for his factory workers and his promotion of experimental socialistic communities.

.coop

coop
Since 2002 cooperatives have been distinguishable on the Internet through the use of a .coop domain.
It is intended for the use of cooperatives, their wholly owned subsidiaries, and other organizations that exist to promote or support cooperatives.

Ownership

ownerownersown
Cooperative businesses are typically more economically resilient than many other forms of enterprise, with twice the number of co-operatives (80%) surviving their first five years compared with other business ownership models (41%).
Common in for instance New York City, Hamburg and Berlin in Germany is a form of real estate ownership known as a cooperative (also co-operative or co-op, in German Wohnungsgenossenschaft - apartment co-operative, also "Wohnbaugenossenschaft" or simply "Baugenossenschaft") which relies heavily on internal rules of operation instead of the legal framework governing condominium associations.

Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen

RaiffeisenF.W. RaiffeisenRaiffeisen cooperative
A second organization formed later in Germany: the International Raiffeisen Union.
Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen (30 March 1818 – 11 March 1888) was a German mayor and cooperative pioneer.

Property

propertiesproprietarypatrimony
The principles challenged the idea that a person should be an owner of property before being granted a political voice.
In economics and political economy, there are three broad forms of property: private property, public property, and collective property (also called cooperative property).

Platform cooperative

platform cooperativismPlatform coop
While platform cooperatives are structured as cooperatives, granting democratic control to workers, customers, users, or other key stakeholders, companies and initiatives that support the ecosystem of the cooperative platform economy are considered a part of the platform cooperativism movement insofar as they attempt to encourage, develop, and sustain its development.

Economic democracy

economic democratizationdemocratic economic systemdemocratic manner
The cooperative movement has been fueled globally by ideas of economic democracy.
As a reform agenda, supporting theories and real-world examples range from decentralization and economic liberalization to democratic cooperatives, public banking, fair trade and the regionalization of food production and currency.

Libertarian socialism

libertarian socialistlibertarian socialistslibertarian
Anarchists are committed to libertarian socialism and have focused on local organization, including locally managed cooperatives, linked through confederations of unions, cooperatives and communities.
It advocates a worker-oriented system of production and organization in the workplace that in some aspects radically departs from neoclassical economics in favor of democratic cooperatives or common ownership of the means of production (socialism).

Ethical consumerism

moral purchasingethical consumptionconscientious consumption
In 2014, the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) introduced the Cooperative Marque, meaning ICA cooperatives and WOCCU credit unions can also be identified through a coop ethical consumerism label.

International Co-operative Alliance

International Cooperative AllianceICAInternational Co-operative Alliance (ICA)
In 2014, the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) introduced the Cooperative Marque, meaning ICA cooperatives and WOCCU credit unions can also be identified through a coop ethical consumerism label.
The International Co-operative Alliance (ICA) is a non-governmental co-operative federation or, more precisely, a co-operative union representing co-operatives and the co-operative movement worldwide.

Viamala

Via Mala
In alpine environments, trade could only be maintained in organized cooperatives to achieve a useful condition of artificial roads such as Viamala in 1472.
In 1473 the Count of Werdenberg allowed the municipalities and transport cooperatives of Thusis, Masein and Cazis to rebuild the passage, then in desolate condition: die richstrass und den waeg entzwüschend Tusis und Schams, so man nempt Fyamala zuo howen, uffzuorichten und ze machen.

William King (physician)

William KingDr William King
In 1828, William King set up a newspaper, The Cooperator, to promote Owen's thinking, having already set up a cooperative store in Brighton.
He is best known as an early supporter of the Cooperative Movement.

Cooperative banking

cooperative bankcooperative banksco-operative banks
In 1996 OP Financial Group, also a cooperative bank, became the second online bank in the world and the first in Europe. 80% were involved in either agriculture, finance, or retail and more than half were in the United States, Italy, or France.
Cooperative banking is retail and commercial banking organized on a cooperative basis.

Agricultural cooperative

Agricultural marketing cooperativeagricultural cooperativescooperative
80% were involved in either agriculture, finance, or retail and more than half were in the United States, Italy, or France.
An agricultural cooperative, also known as a farmers' co-op, is a cooperative where farmers pool their resources in certain areas of activity.

Housing cooperative

cooperative housingco-opcooperative
A housing cooperative is a legal mechanism for ownership of housing where residents either own shares (share capital co-op) reflecting their equity in the cooperative's real estate, or have membership and occupancy rights in a not-for-profit cooperative (non-share capital co-op), and they underwrite their housing through paying subscriptions or rent.
A housing cooperative, housing co-op, or housing company (especially in Finland ), is a legal entity, usually a cooperative or a corporation, which owns real estate, consisting of one or more residential buildings; it is one type of housing tenure.

Capital and the Debt Trap

Capital and the Debt Trap reports that "cooperatives tend to have a longer life than other types of enterprise, and thus a higher level of entrepreneurial sustainability".
The first four chapters provide a general summary of the current international economic instability, noting that cooperatives have on average performed better than traditional for-profit corporations.

Dividend

dividendsstock dividendcash dividend
Cooperatives often share their earnings with the membership as a dividends, which are divided among the members according to their participation in the enterprise, such as patronage, instead of according to the value of their capital shareholdings (as is done by a joint stock company).
Cooperatives, on the other hand, allocate dividends according to members' activity, so their dividends are often considered to be a pre-tax expense.

Mutual organization

Mutualmutual companymutual society
From the mid-nineteenth century, mutual organisations embraced these ideas in economic enterprises, firstly amongst tradespeople, and later in cooperative stores, educational institutes, financial institutions and industrial enterprises.
Unlike a true cooperative, members usually do not contribute to the capital of the company by direct investment, but derive their right to profits and votes through their customer relationship.

Legal person

legal personalitylegal entitybody corporate
A cooperative is a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members.

Democratic socialism

democratic socialistdemocratic socialistsdemocratic-socialist
As they viewed the capitalist class to be politically, militarily and culturally mobilized for the purpose of maintaining an exploitable working class, they fought in the early 20th century to appropriate from the capitalist class the society's collective political capacity in the form of the state, either through democratic socialism, or through what came to be known as Leninism.
Owen's followers stressed both participatory democracy and economic socialisation, in the form of consumer co-operatives, credit unions and mutual aid societies.

Democracy

democraticdemocraciesdemocratically
A cooperative (also known as co-operative, co-op, or coop) is "an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise".
Most trade unions and cooperatives are governed by democratic elections.

Desjardins Group

DesjardinsCaisse PopulaireMouvement Desjardins
In 1900, from his home in Lévis, he opened North America's first credit union, marking the beginning of the Mouvement Desjardins.
The Desjardins Group (Mouvement Desjardins) is a Canadian cooperative that is the largest federation of credit unions in North America.

Credit unions in the United States

credit unionsUS credit unioncredit unions throughout the United States
Eight years later, Desjardins provided guidance for the first credit union in the United States, where there are now about 7,950 active status federally insured credit unions, with almost 90 million members and more than $679 billion on deposit.
U.S. credit unions are not-for-profit, cooperative, tax-exempt organizations.