Coronado Islands

A map of the four Coronado Islands
At the US-Mexico border. The visible islands are Islas Coronados
The archipelago was first noted by European explorers as "desert islands"
The islands visible from the Mexican mainland
L. Ron Hubbard, future founder of Scientology, bombarded South Island in 1943, despite it being inhabited by Mexican soldiers
Although landing on the islands is not permitted, divers, fishermen and tourists are free to visit the waters around them
Bergerocactus emoryi on a ridge on North Coronado
Calochortus splendens on the islands
Dudleya lanceolata, a succulent plant also present on the mainland
An endemic succulent, Dudleya candida, with Opuntia species
Dudleya candida (the white rosettes with yellow flowers on red stems) with an assemblage of other plants
Dudleya candida in habitat

The Coronado Islands (Islas Coronado or Islas Coronados; Islands of the Coronation(s); Kumeyaay: Mat hasil ewik kakap) are a group of islands located 13 km off the northwest coast of the Mexican state of Baja California.

- Coronado Islands

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Baja California

State in Mexico.

Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, with Picacho del Diablo in the center
Encelia californica growing on the Ensenada Municipality coast, typical of the California coastal sage and chaparral ecoregion
Isla Partida, part of the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park
Vineyard in the Valle de Guadalupe
Snowfall at Constitution 1857 National Park
Municipalities of Baja California in 2020
Marina del Pilar Ávila Olmeda, the governor of Baja California since 2021
Los Pioneros monument in Mexicali, dedicated to the pioneers that settled the region
Filming of Master and Commander at Baja Film Studios. Located in Rosarito, Baja Film Studios has become one of the premier production facilities with horizon tanks.

The Coronado Islands, Todos Santos islands, and Cedros Island are also on the Pacific shore.


Set of beliefs and practices invented by American author L. Ron Hubbard, and an associated movement.

L. Ron Hubbard and Thomas S. Moulton in Portland, Oregon, in 1943
L. Ron Hubbard in 1950
Founding Church of Scientology in Washington, D.C.
Hubbard's beliefs and practices, drawn from a diverse set of sources, influenced numerous offshoots, splinter-groups, and new movements.
A Scientologist introduces the E-meter to a potential student
Scientologists on an anti-psychiatry demonstration
Xenu as depicted by Panorama
Scientology cruise ship Freewinds
According to a Church account, the Scientology cross represent the spirit "rising triumphantly, ultimately transcending the turmoil of the physical universe to achieve salvation".
The incomplete Super Power Building of the FLAG Scientology complex in Clearwater, Florida
Scientology center in New York City
The Church of Spiritual Technology (CST) ranch in Creston, California, where Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard spent his last days. The CST symbol is visible within a racetrack.
Church of Scientology of Tampa, Florida
Official German information leaflets from the Bavarian Office for the Protection of the Constitution on (from left to right) Islamic extremism, Scientology, and organized crime.
Author Paulette Cooper was indicted for making bomb threats after she was framed by agents of the Church of Scientology.
Scientology E-Meter
Protester against Scientology, holding a sign which reads: "What kind of church makes its staff have abortions"
A protester holds a sign which reads: "C[hurch] o[f] $[cientology] forces its female members to get abortions" (February 10, 2008)
An Internet-based group which refers to itself as 'Anonymous' held protests outside Scientology centers in cities around the world in February 2008 as part of Project Chanology. Issues they protested ranged from alleged abuse of followers to the validity of its claims to qualify as a religion for tax purposes.
A protester criticizes Scientology
A Scientology Center on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California
Scientology desk near the Potsdamer Platz in Berlin
The Scientology symbol is composed of the letter S, which stands for Scientology, and the ARC and KRC triangles, two important concepts in Scientology.
Xenu as depicted in South Park

On June 28, 1943, Hubbard ordered his crew to fire on the Coronado Islands.

L. Ron Hubbard

American author, primarily of science fiction and fantasy stories, who is best known for having founded the Church of Scientology.

Hubbard in 1950
Hubbard's "Yukon Madness" was originally published in the August 1935 issue of New Mystery Adventures
Illustration by Edd Cartier for Hubbard's story "Fear"
Hubbard's novella "The Kingslayer" was reprinted in Two Complete Science-Adventure Books in 1950 after its original publication in a 1949 Hubbard collection
Ketchikan, Alaska, where Hubbard and his wife were stranded during the "Alaskan Radio-Experimental Expedition"
Hubbard and Thomas S. Moulton in 1943
USS PC-815, Hubbard's second and final command
Jack Parsons in 1938
Hubbard and second wife Sara
Hubbard conducting a Dianetics seminar in Los Angeles, 1950
Hubbard's wife Sara at a 1951 custody hearing
Hubbard established an "Academy of Scientology" at this Northwest, Washington, D.C. building in 1955. It is now the L. Ron Hubbard House museum.
The L. Ron Hubbard House at Camelback in Phoenix, Arizona. The house is listed in the National Register of Historic Places
L. Ron Hubbard's car, a 1947 Buick Super 8. The car is parked behind the house
Corfu town, where the Sea Org moored in 1968–1969
The Internal Revenue Service building in Washington D.C., one of the targets of Hubbard's "Snow White Program"
The ranch in San Luis Obispo County, California where Hubbard spent his final years
Hubbard's beliefs and practices, drawn from a diverse set of sources, influenced numerous offshoots, splinter-groups, and new movements.
Gerry Armstrong, formerly Hubbard's official biographical researcher, whose trial disclosed many details of Hubbard's life
Queen Anne High School, Seattle, which L. Ron Hubbard attended in 1926–1927
Luquillo, Puerto Rico, near where Scientologists say Hubbard carried out the "West Indies Mineralogical Survey" in 1932

The following month, Hubbard unwittingly sailed PC-815 into Mexican territorial waters and conducted gunnery practice off the Coronado Islands, in the belief that they were uninhabited and belonged to the United States.

Coronado, California

Resort city located in San Diego County, California, United States, across the San Diego Bay from downtown San Diego.

Amusement Park, Tent City
The sun rises over the San Diego–Coronado Bridge with smoke from the 2007 Harris Fire visible overhead.
A view of San Diego from Coronado
Coronado Bridge
Coronado Beach in 2009
The Coronado Ferry Landing
Hotel del Coronado from the beach
Hotel del Coronado, 1885
Coronado Public Library
Vice President Joe Biden speaks to Navy SEAL trainees, NAB Coronado, 2009.
Tina Weymouth of Talking Heads, 1978
L. Frank Baum, c. 1901

Its name is derived from the Coronado Islands, an offshore Mexican archipelago.

Tijuana Municipality

Municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California.

View of the U.S.-Mexico border fence from Playas de Tijuana, at the left.

The area of the municipality of Tijuana is 879.2 km² (339.46 sq mi); the municipality includes part of the Coronado Islands, located off the coast of the municipality in the Pacific Ocean.

Southern California Bight

692-kilometer-long stretch of curved coastline that runs along the west coast of the United States and Mexico, from Point Conception in California to Punta Colonet in Baja California, plus the area of the Pacific Ocean defined by that curve.

Satellite view of the Southern California Bight in California, including the Channel Islands
Mountainous stretch of coastline between Tijuana and Ensenada, Baja California
Coastal fog blankets the city of Ensenada on an April evening. The fog typically evaporates by midday.
A bat ray in a kelp forest located off the coast of San Clemente Island
Marbled godwit in flight in Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve
Orcas off Santa Rosa Island
A sweet potato sea cucumber found washed up on a beach in Santa Barbara, California
Marine life off Santa Cruz Island

This includes the Channel Islands of California and the Coronado Islands and Islas de Todo Santos of Baja California.


Tribe of Indigenous peoples of the Americas who live at the northern border of Baja California in Mexico and the southern border of California in the United States.

Anthony Pico, former chairman of the Viejas Band of Kumeyaay
Engraving by Arthur Carl Victor Schott, Sorony & Co., 1857
Kumeyaay were displaced to construct the El Capitan Reservoir
Barona Resort Hotel
Valle de Guadalupe, B.C.
Kumeyaay items
Frame of an ‘ewaa
Kumeyaay coiled basket, woven by Celestine Lachapa, 19th century, San Diego Museum of Us
Kumeyaay willow storage basket at the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California cultural museum, Mexicali

Mat Hasil Ewik Kakap (Islas Coronado)

Artemisia californica

Species of western North American shrub in the sunflower family.

Artemisia californica in Gaviota State Park, California
Gray mature foliage

This species is also found on many islands adjacent to the Baja California Peninsula, including the Coronado Islands and Cedros Island.

USS PC-815

Built for the United States Navy during World War II.

Another view of USS PC-815 on trials

Hubbard took the opportunity to order an impromptu gunnery exercise while anchored just off the Mexican territory of South Coronado Island, to the south-west of San Diego.


Patrol Bombing Squadron of the U.S. Navy.

VP-13 PB2Y-2 in 1941
VP-13 PB2Y-2 in 1941

17 October 1944: Lieutenant Cullinane and his entire crew perished in a crash on one of the Coronado Islands.