Coronation

crownedaccessioncoronationscrowningjunior kingcoronation ceremonycoronatedcrowncoronatecoronation ceremonies
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head.wikipedia
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Coronation crown

crownCoronationroyal crown
A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head.
A coronation crown is a crown used by a monarch when being crowned.

Investiture

investedappointment and investitureconfirmed
The term generally also refers not only to the physical crowning but to the whole ceremony wherein the act of crowning occurs, along with the presentation of other items of regalia, marking the formal investiture of a monarch with regal power.
An investiture is also often part of a coronation rite or enthronement.

Regalia

royal regaliacoronation regaliaroyal insignia
The term generally also refers not only to the physical crowning but to the whole ceremony wherein the act of crowning occurs, along with the presentation of other items of regalia, marking the formal investiture of a monarch with regal power.
(Ermine) coronation mantle

Anointing

anointedunctionanoint
Western-style coronations have often included anointing the monarch with holy oil, or chrism as it is often called; the anointing ritual's religious significance follows examples found in the Bible.
It was performed by Samuel in place of a coronation of either Saul or David.

Chrism

holy oilholy oilsSacred Chrism
Western-style coronations have often included anointing the monarch with holy oil, or chrism as it is often called; the anointing ritual's religious significance follows examples found in the Bible.
The Holy Ampulla or Holy Ampoule (Sainte Ampoule in French) was a glass vial which, from its first recorded use by Pope Innocent II for the anointing of Louis VII in 1131 to the coronation of Louis XVI in 1774, held the chrism or anointing oil for the coronation of the kings of France.

Crown (headgear)

crowncrownsroyal crown
The precursor to the crown was the browband called the diadem, which had been worn by the Achaemenid rulers, was adopted by Constantine I, and was worn by all subsequent rulers of the later Roman Empire.
Apart from the traditional form, crowns also may be in the form of a wreath and be made of flowers, oak leaves, or thorns and be worn by others, representing what the coronation part aims to symbolize with the specific crown.

Reims

RheimsDurocortorumReims, France
The anointing served as a reminder of the baptism of Clovis I in Reims in 496, where the ceremony was finally transferred in 816.
Reims played a prominent ceremonial role in French monarchical history as the traditional site of the crowning of the kings of France.

Emperor

empressemperorsimperial
His son Charlemagne, who was crowned emperor in Rome in 800, passed as well the ceremony to the Holy Roman Empire, and this tradition acquired a newly constitutive function in England too, with the kings Harold Godwinson and William the Conqueror immediately crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1066.
The importance and meaning of coronation ceremonies and regalia also varied within the tradition: for instance Holy Roman Emperors could only be crowned emperor by the Pope, which meant the coronation ceremony usually took place in Rome, often several years after these emperors had ascended to the throne (as "king") in their home country.

Coronation stone

Coronation stones marked the site of some medieval ceremonies, though some alleged stones are later inventions.
A coronation stone is a stone which marks the place of coronation of a monarch.

Coronation of the British monarch

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Of all European monarchies today, only the United Kingdom still retains its coronation rite.
The coronation usually takes place several months after the death of the previous monarch, as it is considered a joyous occasion that would be inappropriate while mourning continues.

The king is dead, long live the king!

began immediately upon the death of his predecessorLe Roi est mort, vive le Roialways a sovereign on the throne
In France, the new king ascended the throne when the coffin of the previous monarch descended into the vault at Saint Denis Basilica, and the Duke of Uzes proclaimed "Le Roi est mort, vive le Roi"!
"The King is dead, long live the King!", or simply "Long live the King!", is a traditional proclamation made following the accession of a new monarch in various countries.

Papal inauguration

inaugurationPapal Inauguration Massa solemn ceremony of the inauguration of the pontificate
The Papacy retains the option of a coronation, but no pope has used it since 1963 after Pope John Paul I opted for an Inauguration in 1978.
The first pope for over eight centuries to inaugurate his pontificate without a coronation was Pope John Paul I.

Abdication

abdicateabdicatedabdicates
King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, for example, did not reign long enough to be crowned before he abdicated, yet he was unquestionably the King of the United Kingdom and Emperor of India during his brief reign.
Today the term commonly applies to monarchs, or to those who have been formally crowned.

Coronations in Africa

Coronations in Africa
For general information related to all coronations, please see the umbrella article Coronation.

Coronations in Asia

Cambodian coronation
Coronations in Asia
For general information related to all coronations, please see the umbrella article Coronation.

Coronations in Europe

CoronationAcclamationcrowned
Coronations in Europe
For general information related to all coronations, please see the umbrella article Coronation.

House of Capet

CapetCapetianCapetians
During the Middle Ages, Capetian Kings of France chose to have their heirs apparent crowned during their own lifetime in order to avoid succession disputes.
He then proceeded to make it hereditary in his family, by securing the election and coronation of his son, Robert II (972–1031), as co-King.

Coronations in the Americas

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Coronations in the Americas
For general information related to all coronations, please see the umbrella article Coronation.

Henry the Young King

HenryPrince HenryHenry the Young
The last heir apparent to the French throne to be crowned during his father's lifetime was the future Philip II, while the only crowned heir apparent to the English throne was Henry the Young King, who was first crowned alone and then with his wife, Margaret of France.
Henry the Young King was the only King of England since the Norman Conquest to be crowned during his father's reign, but spent his reign frustrated by his father's refusal to grant him meaningful autonomous power.

Investiture of the Prince of Wales

investiturethe investitureinvestiture as Prince of Wales
The last coronation of an heir apparent, with the exception of investitures of the Prince of Wales in 1911 and 1969, was the coronation of the future Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria as junior King of Hungary in 1830.
During the investiture ceremony, the prince is presented and invested with the ensigns of his rank and dignity, similar to a coronation.

Coronations in Oceania

CoronationInvestiture
Coronations in Oceania
For general information related to all coronations, please see the umbrella article Coronation.

Sacred king

divine kingshipdivine kingsacral kingship
The origin of the crown is thus religious, comparable to the significance of a halo, marking the sacral nature of kingship, expressing that either the king is himself divine, or ruling by divine right.
Coronation

Holy Crown of Hungary

Holy CrownCrown of Saint StephenHungarian Crown
In Hungary, on the other hand, no ruler was regarded as being truly legitimate until he was physically crowned with St. Stephen's Crown performed by the archbishop of Esztergom in Székesfehérvár Cathedral (during the Turkish invasion of Hungary in Pozsony, then Budapest), while monarchs of Belgium or Albania were not allowed to succeed or exercise any of their prerogatives until swearing a formal constitutional oath before their respective nations' parliaments.
The crowning of Stephen I, the first king of Hungary, who was later canonized Saint Stephen, marks the beginning of Hungarian statehood.

Coronation anthem

Coronation AnthemsHandel's coronation anthemsLet Thy Hand be Strengthened'' (HWV 259)
Coronation anthem
A coronation anthem is a piece of choral music written to accompany the coronation of a monarch.

Pope

papacypapalbishop of Rome
The Papacy retains the option of a coronation, but no pope has used it since 1963 after Pope John Paul I opted for an Inauguration in 1978.
In 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish ruler Charlemagne as Roman Emperor, a major step toward establishing what later became known as the Holy Roman Empire; from that date onward the popes claimed the prerogative to crown the Emperor, though the right fell into disuse after the coronation of Charles V in 1530.