Corruption in Venezuela

corruptioncorruption of the statePolitical corruptionstate corruptionwidespread corruption
The level of corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and is prevalent throughout many levels of Venezuelan society.wikipedia
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Crisis in Venezuela

crisis in Bolivarian VenezuelaVenezuelan crisisCrisis in Venezuela (2012–present)
The large amount of corruption and mismanagement in the country has resulted in severe economic difficulties, part of the crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela.
Political corruption, chronic shortages of food and medicine, closure of companies, unemployment, deterioration of productivity, authoritarianism, human rights violations, gross economic mismanagement and high dependence on oil have also contributed to the worsening crisis.

2014 Venezuelan protests

2014 protests2014a wave of unrest in 2014
Discontent with corruption was cited by opposition-aligned groups as one of the reasons for the 2014 and 2017 Venezuelan protests.
Also under Chávez's tenure, corruption in Venezuela, as well as crime in Venezuela, had greatly increased, causing more frustration among Venezuelans.

Venezuela

VenezuelanBolivarian Republic of VenezuelaVEN
The level of corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and is prevalent throughout many levels of Venezuelan society.
Corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and was so for much of the 20th century.

Ghazi Nasr Al-Din

Ghazi Atef Salameh Nassereddine
Members of the Venezuelan government were also accused of providing financial aid to Hezbollah by the United States Department of the Treasury, which included Charge d' Affaires of the Venezuelan Embassy in Damascus, Syria Ghazi Nasr Al-Din.

Corruption

corruptsystemic corruptionanti-corruption
The level of corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and is prevalent throughout many levels of Venezuelan society.

Corruption Perceptions Index

Corruption Perception IndexCorruption by countrycorruption
The level of corruption in Venezuela is high by world standards and is prevalent throughout many levels of Venezuelan society.

2017 Venezuelan protests

2017 protestsprotests grewthe protests that year
Discontent with corruption was cited by opposition-aligned groups as one of the reasons for the 2014 and 2017 Venezuelan protests.

Non-governmental organization

NGONGOsnon-governmental organisation
In 1997, Pro Calidad de Vida, a Venezuelan NGO, claimed that around $100 billion from oil revenue has been misused in the preceding 25 years.

Venezuelan War of Independence

War of IndependenceIndependence of Venezuelaindependence
During the Venezuelan War of Independence in 1813, Simón Bolívar made a decree that any corruption was punishable by death.

Karl Marx

MarxMarx, KarlMarxist
Authors Beddow and Thibodeaux stated that Karl Marx called Bolívar a "[f]alsifier, deserter, conspirator, liar, coward, and looter".

Totalitarianism

totalitariantotalitarian statetotalitarian regime
On 1 January 1814, an assembly gathered and "a junta of the most influential inhabitants of Caracas" gathered under Bolívar, legally naming him dictator.

Manuel Piar

Manuel Carlos Piar
Three years later, Bolívar, who had a troubled relationship with General Manuel Piar, allegedly created a plan to get rid of Piar that involved false accusations of Piar "having conspired against the whites, plotted against Bolivar’s life, and aspired to the supreme power" which ultimately resulted in Piar's execution on 16 October 1817.

White people

whitewhitesCaucasian
Three years later, Bolívar, who had a troubled relationship with General Manuel Piar, allegedly created a plan to get rid of Piar that involved false accusations of Piar "having conspired against the whites, plotted against Bolivar’s life, and aspired to the supreme power" which ultimately resulted in Piar's execution on 16 October 1817.

Looting

plunderlootedpillage
However under Bolívar, orders were made to plunder cities, with ornaments from churches being stolen to finance his military forces.

Colombian peso

COP$pesosCOP
In 1826, the Congress of Gran Colombia, which was subservient to Bolívar and had been suffering from financial issues, awarded Bolívar over 1 million pesos while other officials resorted to appropriating and expropriating from the public.

Antonio Guzmán Blanco

Antonio Guzman BlancoGuzmán BlancoAntonio Guzmán
Antonio Guzmán Blanco led a fairly steady Venezuelan government that was allegedly rife with corruption.

Simón Bolívar

Simon BolivarBolívarSimón Bolivar
During the Venezuelan War of Independence in 1813, Simón Bolívar made a decree that any corruption was punishable by death. When facing severe disapproval during his administration, Guzmán Blanco ordered the body of Simon Bolivar to be exhumed and reburied in the National Pantheon of Venezuela to create an illusion of supporting Bolivar's ideals, despite the two men's drastically opposing views.

National Pantheon of Venezuela

National PantheonPanteón Nacional
When facing severe disapproval during his administration, Guzmán Blanco ordered the body of Simon Bolivar to be exhumed and reburied in the National Pantheon of Venezuela to create an illusion of supporting Bolivar's ideals, despite the two men's drastically opposing views.

Joaquín Crespo

Joaquin CrespoJoaquín Sinforiano de Jesús CrespoLegalist Revolution
In 1884, Guzmán appointed Joaquín Crespo to be his successor and to serve under him.

José Manuel Hernández

Jose Manuel HernandezJosé Manuel "Mocho" Hernández
After a rebellion was initiated against Crespo by José Manuel Hernández in March 1898, Crespo led troops to quell the rebels, but was killed by a stray bullet.

Cipriano Castro

second Castro crisisCipriano Castro RuizCipriano Castro's government
Cipriano Castro served as governor of Táchira until he was overthrown and exiled to Colombia in 1892.

Elihu Root

Elihu A. RootElihu Root, Jr.Root
United States Secretary of State Elihu Root called Castro a "crazy brute", while historian Edwin Lieuwen labelled him "probably the worst of Venezuela's many dictators".

Edwin Lieuwen

United States Secretary of State Elihu Root called Castro a "crazy brute", while historian Edwin Lieuwen labelled him "probably the worst of Venezuela's many dictators".

Juan Vicente Gómez

Juan Vicente GomezJuan Vincente GomezGeneral Juan Vicente Gomez
From 1908 to 1935, the dictator Juan Vincente Gomez held power, with his acts of corruption only committed with "immediate collaborators".

Marcos Pérez Jiménez

Marcos Perez JimenezPérez JiménezMarco Pérez Jiménez
Marcos Pérez Jiménez seized power through a coup in 1952 and declared himself provisional president until being formally elected in 1953.