Costochondritis

costrochondritis
Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint.wikipedia
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Tietze syndrome

Tietze's syndromeCostal chondritisTietze
Severe cases of costal cartilage inflammation that also involve painful swelling are sometimes referred to as Tietze's syndrome, a term sometimes used interchangeably with costochondritis.
Tietze syndrome is not the same as costochondritis.

Osteoarthritis

arthrosisdegenerative joint diseaseKnee osteoarthritis
However, it may be the result of physical trauma (due to direct injury, strenuous lifting, or severe bouts of coughing), associated with scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a tumor (benign or cancerous).

Chest pain

chest painschest tightnesschest
The condition is a common cause of chest pain.

Rib cage

ribsribcagefirst rib
On physical examination, a physician inspects and feels the patient for swollen or tender areas, and can often produce the pain of costochondritis by moving the patient's rib cage or arms.
One or more costal cartilages can become inflamed – a condition known as costochondritis; the resulting pain is similar to that of a heart attack.

Sternocostal joints

sternocostalCostosternal jointsternocostal articulation
Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint.
* Costochondritis

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
Costochondritis symptoms can be similar to the chest pain associated with a heart attack.
In addition to myocardial infarction, other causes include angina, insufficient blood supply (ischemia) to the heart muscles without evidence of cell death, gastroesophageal reflux disease; pulmonary embolism, tumors of the lungs, pneumonia, rib fracture, costochondritis, heart failure and other musculoskeletal injuries.

Costal cartilage

costal cartilagesrib cartilageanterior costal cartilage grafts
Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint.

Inflammation

inflammatoryinflammatory responseinflamed
Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint.

Rib

costalcostaerib cage
Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint.

Sternum

manubriumbreastbonesternal
Costochondritis, also known as chest wall pain, costosternal syndrome, or costosternal chondrodynia is an acute and often temporary inflammation of the costal cartilage, the structure that connects each rib to the sternum at the costosternal joint.

Angina

angina pectorischest painstable angina
Costochondritis symptoms can be similar to the chest pain associated with a heart attack.

Medical emergency

medical emergenciesemergencyemergencies
Chest pain is considered a medical emergency until life-threatening heart disease (such as an acute coronary syndrome) can be ruled out.

Acute coronary syndrome

acute coronary syndromesheart attack. Acute Coronary Syndrome
Chest pain is considered a medical emergency until life-threatening heart disease (such as an acute coronary syndrome) can be ruled out.

Physician

doctormedical doctorphysicians
However, some physicians view costochondritis and Tietze's syndrome as separate disease states due to the absence of costal cartilage swelling in costochondritis.

Cortisone

cortisoncortisone injectionshistory of the steroid, cortisone
Cases with persistent discomfort may be managed with cortisone injections or surgery may be indicated if the condition is severe.

Weight training

weight roomweightliftingweight lifting
However, it may be the result of physical trauma (due to direct injury, strenuous lifting, or severe bouts of coughing), associated with scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a tumor (benign or cancerous).

Scoliosis

curvature of the spinethoracoplastyidiopathic scoliosis
However, it may be the result of physical trauma (due to direct injury, strenuous lifting, or severe bouts of coughing), associated with scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a tumor (benign or cancerous).

Ankylosing spondylitis

Bekhterev’s DiseaseBekhterev's Diseasespondylitis, ankylosing
However, it may be the result of physical trauma (due to direct injury, strenuous lifting, or severe bouts of coughing), associated with scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a tumor (benign or cancerous).

Rheumatoid arthritis

rheumatoidrheumatic arthritisarthritis, rheumatoid
However, it may be the result of physical trauma (due to direct injury, strenuous lifting, or severe bouts of coughing), associated with scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a tumor (benign or cancerous).

Neoplasm

tumortumorstumour
However, it may be the result of physical trauma (due to direct injury, strenuous lifting, or severe bouts of coughing), associated with scoliosis, ankylosing spondylitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or a tumor (benign or cancerous).

Septic arthritis

infectious arthritisjoint infectionjoint infections
Infection of the costosternal joint may cause costochondritis in rare cases.

Actinomyces

ActinomoycesActinomyces bovisActinomyces spp.
Most cases of infectious costochondritis are caused by Actinomyces, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Salmonella.

Staphylococcus aureus

S. aureusstaph infectionStaph. aureus
Most cases of infectious costochondritis are caused by Actinomyces, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Salmonella.

Candida albicans

C. albicansCandidayeast
Most cases of infectious costochondritis are caused by Actinomyces, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Salmonella.

Salmonella

Salmonella poisoningSalmonella typhibacteremic salmonellosis
Most cases of infectious costochondritis are caused by Actinomyces, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and Salmonella.