A young boy coughing due to pertussis causing whooping cough.
14th-century illustration of vomiting from the Casanatense Tacuinum Sanitatis
X-ray showing radiocontrast from the stomach (white material below diaphragm) entering the esophagus (three vertical collections of white material in the mid-line of the chest) due to severe reflux
Coughing is viewed as a public health issue.
14th-century illustration of vomiting from the Casanatense Tacuinum Sanitatis
Frontal view of severe tooth erosion in GERD.
Vomiting
Severe tooth erosion in GERD.
Partially digested food, with man-sized glove for scale
A comparison of a healthy condition to GERD
A drunk man vomiting, while a young slave is holding his forehead. Brygos Painter, 500–470 BC
Endoscopic image of peptic stricture, or narrowing of the esophagus near the junction with the stomach: This is a complication of chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease and can be a cause of dysphagia or difficulty swallowing.
Special bags are often supplied on boats for sick passengers to vomit into.

Most of the time, irregular coughing is caused by a respiratory tract infection but can also be triggered by choking, smoking, air pollution, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, post-nasal drip, chronic bronchitis, lung tumors, heart failure and medications such as angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors).

- Cough

Under normal circumstances the gag reflex and coughing prevent this from occurring; however, these protective reflexes are compromised in persons who are under the influence of certain substances (including alcohol) or even mildly anesthetized.

- Vomiting

Acute complications include cough syncope (fainting spells due to decreased blood flow to the brain when coughs are prolonged and forceful), insomnia, cough-induced vomiting, subconjunctival hemorrhage or "red eye", coughing defecation and in women with a prolapsed uterus, cough urination.

- Cough

Less common symptoms include pain with swallowing/sore throat, increased salivation (also known as water brash), nausea, chest pain, coughing, and globus sensation.

- Gastroesophageal reflux disease

GERD in children may cause repeated vomiting, effortless spitting up, coughing, and other respiratory problems, such as wheezing.

- Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

- Vomiting
A young boy coughing due to pertussis causing whooping cough.

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