A report on Country music and Ray Charles

Vernon Dalhart was the first country star to have a major hit record
Charles in the 1960s
The Carter Family, are a dynasty of country music and began with (left to right) A.P. Carter, wife Sara Carter and Maybelle Carter
Charles in 1968
Roy Acuff
Charles in 1971
Publicity photo of Roy Rogers and Gail Davis, 1948
Charles meeting with President Richard Nixon, 1972 (photo by Oliver F. Atkins)
Bill and Charlie Monroe (1936). Bill Monroe (1911–1996) and the Blue Grass Boys created the bluegrass by the end of World War II.
Charles at the 2003 Montreal International Jazz Festival, one of his last public performances
Hank Williams
Quincy Jones worked with Ray Charles.
Johnny Cash
Star honoring Charles on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6777 Hollywood Boulevard
Willie Nelson (2009)
Statue by Andy Davis in Ray Charles Plaza in Albany, Georgia
John Denver (1975)
Dolly Parton
A reunited Eagles in 2008
George Strait, a pioneer of the neotraditionalist movement and dubbed the "King of Country," Strait is one of the best selling musicians of all-time.
Garth Brooks
Shania Twain performing during her Up! Tour in 2004
Steve Earle performing in Ireland in 2007
Carrie Underwood at the 2019 American Music Awards
Miranda Lambert in 2019
Taylor Swift at the 2019 American Music Awards
Florida Georgia Line whose hit song "Cruise" drew attention to the bro-country genre
Emmylou Harris in 2008
Kacey Musgraves became one of the most controversial figures in contemporary country music.
Olivia Newton-John singing in Sydney in 2008
Keith Urban in 2007
Shania Twain in 2011
Lorenzo Antonio
Engelbert Humperdinck had hits with country songs
Vanha Isäntä, a Finnish country rock band, performing at the Helsinki Festival's open-air concert in Kaivopuisto in 1974. Seppo Sillanpää (violin) on the left and Olli Haavisto (guitar) on the right.
Example of cowboy hat and cowboy boots, two prominent components of country music fashion
Western wear shirt design, with snap fasteners
Painting of a cowboy singing by Thomas Eakins (1890)
Freddy Fender performing Tejano music after The Johnny Cash Show in Nashville, Tennessee (1977)
Bob Childers performing Red dirt in Okemah, Oklahoma (2001)
Al Hurricane and Al Hurricane Jr. performing New Mexico music at a fiesta in Old Town Albuquerque (2014)
Willie Nelson (2009)

He contributed to the integration of country music, rhythm and blues, and pop music during the 1960s with his crossover success on ABC Records, notably with his two Modern Sounds albums.

- Ray Charles

In 1962, Ray Charles surprised the pop world by turning his attention to country and western music, topping the charts and rating number three for the year on Billboard's pop chart with the "I Can't Stop Loving You" single, and recording the landmark album Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music.

- Country music
Vernon Dalhart was the first country star to have a major hit record

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American blues singer Ma Rainey (1886–1939), the "Mother of the Blues"

Blues

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Music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs and spirituals.

Music genre and musical form which originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African-American work songs and spirituals.

American blues singer Ma Rainey (1886–1939), the "Mother of the Blues"
A minor pentatonic scale;
Musicologist John Lomax (left) shaking hands with musician "Uncle" Rich Brown in Sumterville, Alabama
Sheet music from "Saint Louis Blues" (1914)
Bessie Smith, an early blues singer, known for her powerful voice
A typical boogie-woogie bass line
John Lee Hooker
Blues legend B.B. King with his guitar, "Lucille"
Texas blues guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan, 1983
Italian singer Zucchero is credited as the "Father of Italian Blues", and is among the few European blues artists who still enjoy international success.
Eric Clapton performing at Hyde Park, London, in June 2008
Duke Ellington straddled the big band and bebop genres. Ellington extensively used the blues form.
The music of Taj Mahal for the 1972 movie Sounder marked a revival of interest in acoustic blues.

There are also 16-bar blues, such as Ray Charles's instrumental "Sweet 16 Bars" and Herbie Hancock's "Watermelon Man".

The musical forms and styles that are now considered the blues as well as modern country music arose in the same regions of the southern United States during the 19th century.

Presley in a publicity photograph for the 1957 film Jailhouse Rock

Elvis Presley

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American singer and actor.

American singer and actor.

Presley in a publicity photograph for the 1957 film Jailhouse Rock
Presley's birthplace in Tupelo, Mississippi
A photo of Elvis's parents at the Historic Blue Moon Museum in Verona, Mississippi
Presley in a Sun Records promotional photograph, 1954
The "iconic cover" of Presley's 1956 debut album, an image crucial in codifying the guitar as the defining instrument of rock and roll
Presley signing autographs in Minneapolis in 1956
Ed Sullivan and Presley during rehearsals for his second appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, October 26, 1956
Presley performing live at the Mississippi-Alabama Fairgrounds in Tupelo, September 26, 1956
Presley and costar Judy Tyler in the trailer for Jailhouse Rock, released October 1957
Presley being sworn into the U.S. Army at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas, March 24, 1958
Presley with Juliet Prowse in G.I. Blues
The '68 Comeback Special produced "one of the most famous images" of Presley. Taken on June 29, 1968, it was adapted for the cover of Rolling Stone in July 1969.
Presley meets U.S. President Richard Nixon in the White House Oval Office, December 21, 1970
Presley with friends Bill Porter and Paul Anka backstage at the Las Vegas Hilton on August 5, 1972
Presley came up with his outfit's eagle motif, as "something that would say 'America' to the world"
Presley's gravestone at Graceland
Presley with his longtime vocal backup group, the Jordanaires, March 1957
Publicity photo for the CBS program Stage Show, January 16, 1956
Poster for the film Girls! Girls! Girls! (1962), visualizing Presley's sex symbol image
Presley and Colonel Tom Parker, 1969
A group of Elvis impersonators in 2005
Presley's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6777 Hollywood Blvd
Presley meets U.S. President Richard Nixon in the White House Oval Office, December 21, 1970

Presley, on rhythm acoustic guitar, and accompanied by lead guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, was a pioneer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country music and rhythm and blues.

The others would centrally define the evolving sound of rock and roll: "Blue Suede Shoes"—"an improvement over Perkins' in almost every way", according to critic Robert Hilburn—and three R&B numbers that had been part of Presley's stage repertoire for some time, covers of Little Richard, Ray Charles, and The Drifters.

Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946

Rhythm and blues

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Genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s.

Genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s.

Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946
The habanera rhythm shown as tresillo (lower notes) with the backbeat (upper note)
Fats Domino in 1956
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2–3 claves are written above for rhythmic reference.
3–2 clave written in two measures in cut-time
Tresillo answered by the backbeat, the essence of clave in African American music
Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley beat" is a clave-based motif.
Ray Charles in 1971
Ruth Brown was known as the "Queen of R&B"
Della Reese
Sam Cooke
Eric Burdon & the Animals (1964)

He also cites Otis Rush, Ike Turner and Ray Charles, as R&B artists who employed this feel.

At the urging of Leonard Chess at Chess Records, Chuck Berry reworked a country fiddle tune with a long history, entitled "Ida Red".

Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music

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Sid Feller (left) and Ray Charles in 1962

Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music is a studio album by American singer and pianist Ray Charles.

It featured country, folk, and Western music standards reworked by Charles in popular song forms of the time, including R&B, pop, and jazz.

I Can't Stop Loving You

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Popular song written and composed by country singer, songwriter, and musician Don Gibson, who first recorded it on December 3, 1957, for RCA Victor Records.

Popular song written and composed by country singer, songwriter, and musician Don Gibson, who first recorded it on December 3, 1957, for RCA Victor Records.

It was released in 1958 as the B-side of "Oh, Lonesome Me", becoming a double-sided country hit single.

At the time of Gibson's death in 2003, the song had been recorded by more than 700 artists, most notably by Ray Charles, whose recording reached No. 1 on the Billboard chart.

Warner Brothers Records publicity photo, July 1977

Buck Owens

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American musician, singer, songwriter and band leader.

American musician, singer, songwriter and band leader.

Warner Brothers Records publicity photo, July 1977
KUZZ Radio logo featuring a depiction of Owens' trademark guitar

He was the lead singer for Buck Owens and the Buckaroos, which had 21 No. 1 hits on the Billboard country music chart.

It achieved crossover success on to the pop charts, reinforced by R&B singer Ray Charles releasing cover versions of two of Owens' songs that became pop hits that year: "Crying Time" and "Together Again".

Willie Nelson in October 2009

Willie Nelson

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Willie Nelson in October 2009
Nelson in 2009
Nelson performing on a Grand Ole Opry package show in 1965
L-R: Kris Kristofferson, Nelson, and Waylon Jennings at the 1972 Dripping Springs Reunion
Nelson and guests with President Jimmy Carter in 1978
Nelson with President Bill Clinton in 1993
Nelson performing at Chumash Casino Resort in California in 2006
In 2008, Nelson reopened the truck stop Willie's Place near Hillsboro, Texas
Nelson's guitar, Trigger, has been signed by several of Nelson's friends
Nelson, and his guitar "Trigger", performing at Cardiff on January 25, 2007
Willie Nelson boulevard in Austin, Texas

Willie Hugh Nelson (born April 29, 1933) is an American country musician.

In 1985, Nelson had another success with Half Nelson, a compilation album of duets with a range of artists such as Ray Charles and Neil Young.