A report on Courtaulds

Courtaulds Factory at Spondon in Derbyshire

United Kingdom-based manufacturer of fabric, clothing, artificial fibres, and chemicals.

- Courtaulds
Courtaulds Factory at Spondon in Derbyshire

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Rayon

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Semi-synthetic fiber, made from natural sources of regenerated cellulose, such as wood and related agricultural products.

Semi-synthetic fiber, made from natural sources of regenerated cellulose, such as wood and related agricultural products.

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Aqueous solution of Schweizer's reagent or cuoxam
A device for spinning viscose rayon dating from 1901
Lyocell shirt
Simplified view of the xanthation of cellulose.
A sample of rayon from a skirt photographed with a macro lens.
Another skirt with a different texture.
A blouse with a texture similar to the second.

The first commercial viscose rayon was produced by the UK company Courtaulds Fibres in November 1905.

Vereinigte Glanzstoff-Fabriken

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German manufacturer of artificial fiber founded in 1899 that became one of the leading European producers of rayon.

German manufacturer of artificial fiber founded in 1899 that became one of the leading European producers of rayon.

Johann Urban, co-founder of VGF, in 1928
Share of the Vereinigte Glanzstoff-Fabriken AG, issued June 1900
Donnersmarck plant in Szczecin, Poland, formerly Stettin
J. P. Bemberg AG facilities in Wuppertal
Factory gate and former administrative building of Glanzstoff Courtaulds in Niehl, Cologne
American Enka Rayon Plant at Graham, North Carolina (1940)
Emil Georg von Stauss played an important role in the pre-war Nazi period
Hermann Josef Abs joined the supervisory board in May 1939 and remained active after World War II
Steef van Schaik (1888–1968) was chief executive of AKU from 1948
Glanzstoff office building on Kasinostraße in Wuppertal-Elberfeld

During the first thirty years VGF cooperated closely with the British manufacturer Courtaulds and other companies to share technology and maintain prices by avoiding competition.

the Courtauld Silk Mill in Halstead, Essex

Samuel Courtauld (industrialist)

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the Courtauld Silk Mill in Halstead, Essex

Samuel Courtauld (1793 – 22 March 1881) was a British industrialist who developed his family firm, Courtaulds, to become eventually the world's largest textile company.

George Courtauld (industrialist, born 1761)

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George Courtauld (1761–1823) was the founder of Courtaulds which was to become the UK's largest manufacturer of mourning crape.

The Strand block of Somerset House, designed by William Chambers from 1775 to 1780, has housed The Courtauld Institute of Art since 1989.

Samuel Courtauld (art collector)

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English industrialist who is best remembered as an art collector.

English industrialist who is best remembered as an art collector.

The Strand block of Somerset House, designed by William Chambers from 1775 to 1780, has housed The Courtauld Institute of Art since 1989.
The graves of Samuel and Elizabeth Courtauld in Margate Cemetery, Kent

By the early 20th century, the Courtauld family business had become a major international company, having successfully developed and marketed rayon, an artificial fibre and inexpensive silk substitute.

General view of Braintree in 1851.

Braintree, Essex

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Town and former civil parish in Essex, England.

Town and former civil parish in Essex, England.

General view of Braintree in 1851.

The wool trade died out in the early 19th century and Braintree became a centre for silk manufacturing when George Courtauld opened a silk mill in the town.

Mattress with lyocell as cover material

Lyocell

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Form of rayon.

Form of rayon.

Mattress with lyocell as cover material
Label of a coat containing Tencel (a brand of lyocell)
Shirt made from lyocell
Fibrillation of lyocell may produce a "peach-fuzz" feel.

The fiber was developed by Courtaulds Fibres under the brand name "Tencel" in the 1980s.

Mid-20th century postcard showing an aerial view of the American Viscose Corporation Plant in Front Royal, Virginia.

American Viscose Corporation

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Mid-20th century postcard showing an aerial view of the American Viscose Corporation Plant in Front Royal, Virginia.
American Viscose Corporation Industrial Village built to house workers in Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania
Vacant American Viscose Corporation Building on 10th Street in Marcus Hook in 2020

American Viscose Corporation was an American division of the British firm Courtaulds, which manufactured rayon and other synthetic fibres.

SNIA S.p.A.

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Italian firm located in Milan that manufactured defence products, textiles, chemicals, perfumes, and corrugated paper among other products.

Italian firm located in Milan that manufactured defence products, textiles, chemicals, perfumes, and corrugated paper among other products.

In 1927–28 Courtaulds and Vereinigte Glanzstoff-Fabriken (VGF) gained control of SNIA Viscosa.

Imperial Chemical Industries

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British chemical company.

British chemical company.

1930s volumes of ICI magazine
Map showing Imperial Chemical Industries sales regions, offices and factories in the United Kingdom in May 1955
A former ICI plant in Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, now owned by Syngenta.

In 1940, ICI started British Nylon Spinners as a joint venture with Courtaulds.