Courtier

courtierscourtcourtlycortegianocourt appointmentscourt gallantSida-sida
A courtier is a person who is often in attendance at the court of a monarch or other royal personage.wikipedia
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Royal court

courtimperial courtcourts
A courtier is a person who is often in attendance at the court of a monarch or other royal personage.
These courtiers included the monarch or noble's camarilla and retinue, household, nobility, those with court appointments, bodyguard, and may also include emissaries from other kingdoms or visitors to the court.

Camarilla

KamarillaPrussian Camarilla
Those personal favourites without business around the monarch, sometimes called the camarilla, were also considered courtiers.
A camarilla is a group of courtiers or favourites who surround a king or ruler.

Valet de chambre

kammerjunkerhofjunkervalets de chambre
As social divisions became more rigid, a divide, barely present in Antiquity or the Middle Ages, opened between menial servants and other classes at court, although Alexandre Bontemps, the head valet de chambre of Louis XIV, was a late example of a "menial" who managed to establish his family in the nobility.
For noblemen pursuing a career as courtiers, like Étienne de Vesc, it was a common early step on the ladder to higher offices.

Louis XIV of France

Louis XIVKing Louis XIVKing Louis XIV of France
As social divisions became more rigid, a divide, barely present in Antiquity or the Middle Ages, opened between menial servants and other classes at court, although Alexandre Bontemps, the head valet de chambre of Louis XIV, was a late example of a "menial" who managed to establish his family in the nobility.
To the aristocracy, this rebellion represented a protest against and a reversal of their political demotion from vassals to courtiers.

Palace of Versailles

VersaillesChâteau de VersaillesChateau de Versailles
The largest and most famous European court was that of the Palace of Versailles at its peak, although the Forbidden City of Beijing was even larger and more isolated from national life.
In 1682 Louis XIV was able to proclaim Versailles his principal residence and the seat of the government and was able to give rooms in the palace to almost all of his courtiers.

Retinue

retainersretainerretinues
The earliest historical examples of courtiers were part of the retinues of rulers.
For example, a prince's entourage would not only include professional courtiers, but also various bishops, clerics and other clerks, senior members of the aristocracy and other more occasional advisers, translators et cetera, who would often not be part of a sovereign's (more permanent) retinue, even though that could comprise a surprising variety of functions, from menial to lofty.

Alexandre Bontemps

Bontemps
As social divisions became more rigid, a divide, barely present in Antiquity or the Middle Ages, opened between menial servants and other classes at court, although Alexandre Bontemps, the head valet de chambre of Louis XIV, was a late example of a "menial" who managed to establish his family in the nobility.
He used the Swiss Guards stationed around the Palaces and gardens to report on the behaviour of courtiers, including their church attendance, as well as political and sexual intrigues.

John Dee

Dr. John DeeDeeDr John Dee
His father Roland was a mercer and gentleman courtier to Henry VIII.

Petronius

Petronius ArbiterGaius Petronius ArbiterGaius Petronius
Gaius Petronius Arbiter (c. 27 – 66 AD) was a Roman courtier during the reign of Nero.

Hamlet

Hamlet, Prince of DenmarkThe Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarkplay of the same name

Baldassare Castiglione

Baldassarre CastiglioneCastiglioneBaldessare Castiglione
Baldassare Castiglione (December 6, 1478 – February 2, 1529), count of Casatico, was an Italian courtier, diplomat, soldier and a prominent Renaissance author, who is probably most famous for his authorship of Il Cortegiano or The Book of the Courtier.

Courtesan

courtesanscourtisanCourtisane
The term originally meant a courtier, a person who attends the court of a monarch or other powerful person.

The Book of the Courtier

Il CortegianoBook of the CourtierThe Courtier
The Book of the Courtier (Il Cortegiano ) by Baldassare Castiglione, is a lengthy philosophical dialogue on the topic of what constitutes an ideal courtier or (in the last chapter) court lady, worthy to befriend and advise a Prince or political leader.

Varys

Lord Varys
Varys, also called the Spider, is a eunuch and courtier who serves as Master of Whisperers, the spymaster for the king of the Seven Kingdoms at the royal court in King's Landing.

Courtly love

courtlinesslovepoetry
The lady was rich and powerful and the poet gave voice to the aspirations of the courtier class, for only those who were noble could engage in courtly love.

Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdoms
A courtier is a person who is often in attendance at the court of a monarch or other royal personage.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
Historically the court was the centre of government as well as the residence of the monarch, and the social and political life were often completely mixed together.

Official residence

residenceList of official residencesexecutive mansion
Historically the court was the centre of government as well as the residence of the monarch, and the social and political life were often completely mixed together.

Clergy

clergymanclericclerics
Not all courtiers were noble, as they included clergy, soldiers, clerks, secretaries, agents and middlemen with business at court.

Soldier

soldiersservicemenmilitary personnel
Not all courtiers were noble, as they included clergy, soldiers, clerks, secretaries, agents and middlemen with business at court.

Clerk

clericalclerkschief clerk
Not all courtiers were noble, as they included clergy, soldiers, clerks, secretaries, agents and middlemen with business at court.

Secretary

executive assistantsecretariessecretarial
Not all courtiers were noble, as they included clergy, soldiers, clerks, secretaries, agents and middlemen with business at court.

Court appointment

appointedcontinoContino real
All those who held a court appointment could be called courtiers but not all courtiers held positions at court.

Classical antiquity

antiquityclassicalancient
As social divisions became more rigid, a divide, barely present in Antiquity or the Middle Ages, opened between menial servants and other classes at court, although Alexandre Bontemps, the head valet de chambre of Louis XIV, was a late example of a "menial" who managed to establish his family in the nobility.