Crack cocaine

crackcrack-cocainecrack pipefreebase cocainecrack addictrockrock cocainecocaine baseCocaine bingescrack addiction
Crack cocaine, also known simply as crack or rock, is a free base form of cocaine that can be smoked.wikipedia
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Cocaine

cokecocaine traffickingcrack
Crack cocaine, also known simply as crack or rock, is a free base form of cocaine that can be smoked. Like cocaine in other forms, crack rock acts as a local anesthetic, numbing the tongue or mouth only where directly placed.
With further processing, crack cocaine can be produced from cocaine.

Crack epidemic in the United States

crack epidemiccrack cocaine epidemicAmerican crack epidemic
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".
The crack epidemic in the United States was a surge of crack cocaine use in major cities across the United States between the early 1980s and the early 1990s.

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug userecreational drugs
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Methylecgonidine

Many of these issues relate specifically to the release of methylecgonidine and its effect on the heart, lungs, and liver.
Methylecgonidine is a pyrolysis product formed when crack cocaine is smoked, making this substance a useful biomarker to specifically test for use of crack cocaine, as opposed to powder cocaine which does not form methylecgonidine as a metabolite.

Love rose

artificial rosesglass crack pipeglass tube
While ostensibly intended as romantic gifts, their primary known use is as a crack pipe by users of crack cocaine.

Free base

freebasingfree-basefreebase
Crack cocaine, also known simply as crack or rock, is a free base form of cocaine that can be smoked.
A solution of cocaine hydrochloride can also be heated ("cooked") in a pan with baking soda added until a solid "rock" is formed, pieces of which can be smoked directly (crack cocaine).

Fair Sentencing Act

Fair Sentencing Act of 2010Fair Sentencing Act 2010
This sentencing disparity was reduced from 100-to-1 to 18-to-1 by the Fair Sentencing Act of 2010.
The Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 was an Act of Congress that was signed into federal law by United States President Barack Obama on August 3, 2010 that reduces the disparity between the amount of crack cocaine and powder cocaine needed to trigger certain federal criminal penalties from a 100:1 weight ratio to an 18:1 weight ratio and eliminated the five-year mandatory minimum sentence for simple possession of crack cocaine, among other provisions.

Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986

Anti-Drug Abuse Act
The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 increased penalties for crack cocaine possession and usage.
The appearance of crack cocaine, the June 19, 1986 death of Len Bias (University of Maryland basketball star), the morning after he signed with the NBA champion Boston Celtics, and the June 27, 1986 death of Don Rogers (safety) (Cleveland Browns, 1985 Defensive Rookie of the Year) -- both from cocaine use, encouraged U.S. Rep. Thomas P. (Tip) O'Neill, Jr. (D-MA), the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to mobilize the House Democratic leadership to assemble an omnibus anti-drug bill that became the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986.

Timeline of Rob Ford video scandal

a substance abuse scandala videoallegations
Rob Ford, the 64th mayor of Toronto, was filmed smoking crack while he was in office.
In May 2013, the American website Gawker and the Toronto Star reported that they had viewed a cellphone video that showed Toronto Mayor Rob Ford smoking crack cocaine and commenting on political issues.

Marion Barry

Mayor Marion BarryMayor Marion S. Barry1990 arrest
Marion Barry, Mayor of Washington D.C., was filmed smoking crack in 1990 in a sting operation.
His celebrity was transformed into international notoriety in January 1990, when he was videotaped during a sting operation smoking crack cocaine and was arrested by Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) officials on drug charges.

CIA involvement in Contra cocaine trafficking

CIA and Contras cocaine trafficking in the USContrasadmit
The charges of CIA involvement in Contra cocaine trafficking were revived in 1996, when a newspaper series by reporter Gary Webb in the San Jose Mercury News claimed that the trafficking had played an important role in the creation of the crack cocaine drug problem in the United States.

Misuse of Drugs Act 1971

Misuse of Drugs ActThe Misuse of Drugs Act 1971Class A drug
In the United Kingdom, crack is a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.

Rob Ford

Mayor FordMayor of TorontoRob
Rob Ford, the 64th mayor of Toronto, was filmed smoking crack while he was in office.
Ford participated in several debates but went on a leave of absence in May and June to deal with his substance abuse issues after a video surfaced of him smoking crack cocaine.

Cocaine paste

coca pasteoxidadococaine base paste

Euphoria

euphoriceuphorianthigh
Crack offers a short, intense high to smokers.

Poverty in the United States

federal poverty levelpovertypoverty line
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Philadelphia

Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, PACity of Philadelphia
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Baltimore

Baltimore, MarylandBaltimore, MDBaltimore City
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Los Angeles

Los Angeles, CaliforniaLos Angeles, CALos Angeles, United States
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Miami

Miami, FloridaMiami, FLCity of Miami
Crack first saw widespread use as a recreational drug in primarily impoverished neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and Miami in late 1984 and 1985; its rapid increase in use and availability is sometimes termed as the "crack epidemic".

Local anesthetic

local anestheticslocal anaestheticLocal anesthetic toxicity
Like cocaine in other forms, crack rock acts as a local anesthetic, numbing the tongue or mouth only where directly placed.

Levamisole

tetramisoleErgamisollevamisole hydrochloride
Use of toxic adulterants such as levamisole has been documented.

Sodium bicarbonate

baking sodabicarbonate of sodaNaHCO 3
Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3, common baking soda) is a base used in preparation of crack, although other weak bases may substitute for it.