Cradle of civilization

first civilizationcradles of civilizationcradle of civilisationcradlefirst civilizationsancient civilizationsarose independentlybeginning of civilizationscivilizationscradles
A cradle of civilization is a location where civilization is understood to have emerged.wikipedia
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Mexico

MexicanMéxicoMEX
Scholars accept that the civilizations of Mesoamerica, mainly in modern Mexico, and Norte Chico, in the north-central coastal region of Peru, emerged independently from those in Eurasia.
Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of six cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec before first contact with Europeans.

Peru

PerúRepublic of PeruPeruvian
Scholars accept that the civilizations of Mesoamerica, mainly in modern Mexico, and Norte Chico, in the north-central coastal region of Peru, emerged independently from those in Eurasia.
Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization in the 32nd century BC, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE.

Norte Chico civilization

Norte ChicoNorte Chico regionCaral-Supe civilization
Scholars accept that the civilizations of Mesoamerica, mainly in modern Mexico, and Norte Chico, in the north-central coastal region of Peru, emerged independently from those in Eurasia.
Since the early 21st century, it has been established as the oldest-known civilization in the Americas.

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
Current thinking is that there was no single "cradle", but several civilizations that developed independently, with the Fertile Crescent (Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia), Ancient India, and Ancient China understood to be the earliest. The term cradle of civilization has frequently been applied to a variety of cultures and areas, in particular the Ancient Near Eastern Chalcolithic (Ubaid period) and Fertile Crescent, Ancient India and Ancient China.
Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, the Indus valley region was one of three early cradles of civilisation of the Old World.

Ancient Near East

ancient MesopotamiaNear EastAncient Near Eastern
The term cradle of civilization has frequently been applied to a variety of cultures and areas, in particular the Ancient Near Eastern Chalcolithic (Ubaid period) and Fertile Crescent, Ancient India and Ancient China.
The ancient Near East is considered one of the cradles of civilization.

Bronze Age

Late Bronze AgeEarly Bronze AgeBronze
If the rise of civilization is taken to coincide with the development of writing out of proto-writing, the Near Eastern Chalcolithic, the transitional period between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age during the 4th millennium BC, and the development of proto-writing in Harappa in the Indus Valley of South Asia around 3300 BC are the earliest incidences, followed by Chinese proto-writing evolving into the oracle bone script, and again by the emergence of Mesoamerican writing systems from about 900 BC.
Cultures in the ancient Near East (often called one of "the cradles of civilization") practiced intensive year-round agriculture, developed a writing system, invented the potter's wheel, created a centralized government, written law codes, city and nation states and empires, embarked on advanced architectural projects, introduced social stratification, economic and civil administration, slavery, and practiced organized warfare, medicine and religion.

Maya civilization

MayaMayanMayans
Few of those conditions, however, are unchallenged by the records: dense settlements were not attested in Egypt's Old Kingdom and were absent in the Maya area; the Incas lacked writing altogether; and often monumental architecture preceded any indication of village settlement.
Mesoamerica was one of six cradles of civilization worldwide.

Sumer

SumeriansSumeriaSumerian
Sumerian civilization coalesces in the subsequent Uruk period (4000 to 3100 BC).
Sumer is the earliest known civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia (now southern Iraq), during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages, and one of the first civilizations in the world, along with Ancient Egypt, Norte Chico and the Indus Valley.

Tigris–Euphrates river system

Tigris-Euphrates river systemTigris-Euphrates BasinTigris-Euphrates
As part of the larger Fertile Crescent, it saw the earliest emergence of literate urban civilization in the Uruk period, for which reason it is often described as a "Cradle of Civilization".

Fertile Crescent

Fertile Crescent regionAnatoliacradle of human civilization
Current thinking is that there was no single "cradle", but several civilizations that developed independently, with the Fertile Crescent (Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia), Ancient India, and Ancient China understood to be the earliest. The term cradle of civilization has frequently been applied to a variety of cultures and areas, in particular the Ancient Near Eastern Chalcolithic (Ubaid period) and Fertile Crescent, Ancient India and Ancient China.
The region has been called the "cradle of civilization", because it is where settled farming first began to emerge as people started the process of clearance and modification of natural vegetation in order to grow newly domesticated plants as crops.

Civilization

civilisationcivilizationsancient civilization
A cradle of civilization is a location where civilization is understood to have emerged.
Towards the end of the Neolithic period, various elitist Chalcolithic civilizations began to rise in various "cradles" from around 3300 BCE, expanding into large-scale empires in the course of the Bronze Age (Old Kingdom of Egypt, Akkadian Empire, Assyrian Empire, Old Assyrian Empire, Hittite Empire).

Andean civilizations

Ancient PeruAndean civilizationInca
It is the oldest known civilization in the Americas and one of the Cradles of civilization where civilization separately originated in the ancient world.

North China Plain

Central Plainseastern plaingreat plain
The southern part of the plain is traditionally referred to as the Central Plain, which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization.

Chinese culture

ChinesecultureCulture of China
Drawing on archaeology, geology and anthropology, modern scholars do not see the origins of the Chinese civilization or history as a linear story but rather the history of the interactions of different and distinct cultures and ethnic groups that influenced each other's development.
With China being one of the earliest ancient civilizations, Chinese culture exerts profound influence on the philosophy, virtue, etiquette, and traditions of Asia to date.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
Current thinking is that there was no single "cradle", but several civilizations that developed independently, with the Fertile Crescent (Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia), Ancient India, and Ancient China understood to be the earliest. The term cradle of civilization has frequently been applied to a variety of cultures and areas, in particular the Ancient Near Eastern Chalcolithic (Ubaid period) and Fertile Crescent, Ancient India and Ancient China.
With thousands of years of continuous history, China is one of the world's oldest civilizations, and is regarded as one of the cradles of civilization.

Yellow River civilization

History of the Yellow River civillizationYellow River
The two specific cultural regions that developed Chinese civilization was the Yellow River civilization and the Yangtze civilization.
One of the "four major civilizations of the ancient world", it is often included in textbooks of East Asian history, but the idea of including only the Huang civilization as one of the four biggest ancient civilizations has become outdated thanks to the discovery of other early cultures, such as the Chang Jiang and Liao civilizations.

History of the world

modern historymodern erahuman history
Labour divisions led to the rise of a leisured upper class and the development of cities, which provided the foundation for civilization.

Western culture

WesternWestern civilizationWest
It has also been applied to ancient Anatolia, the Levant and Iranian plateau, and used to refer to culture predecessors—such as Ancient Greece as the predecessor of Western civilization —even when such sites are not understood as an independent development of civilization, as well as within national rhetoric.
The earliest civilizations which influenced the development of Western culture were those of Mesopotamia; the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and southwestern Iran: the cradle of civilization.

Indus Valley Civilisation

Indus Valley CivilizationHarappanIndus Valley
It is likely that the culture centered around Mehrgarh migrated into the Indus Valley and became the Indus Valley Civilisation.

Cradle of Humankind

Fossil Hominid Sites of South AfricaMaropengCradle of Mankind

Mesopotamia

MesopotamianMesopotamiansAncient Iraq
Current thinking is that there was no single "cradle", but several civilizations that developed independently, with the Fertile Crescent (Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia), Ancient India, and Ancient China understood to be the earliest.

Near East

Near EasternNearNear-East
The extent to which there was significant influence between the early civilizations of the Near East and those of East Asia (Far East) is disputed.

East Asia

East AsianEastEastern Asia
The extent to which there was significant influence between the early civilizations of the Near East and those of East Asia (Far East) is disputed.

Far East

Far EasternFar-EastThe Far East
The extent to which there was significant influence between the early civilizations of the Near East and those of East Asia (Far East) is disputed.

Mesoamerica

MesoamericanMeso-AmericanMeso-America
Scholars accept that the civilizations of Mesoamerica, mainly in modern Mexico, and Norte Chico, in the north-central coastal region of Peru, emerged independently from those in Eurasia.