Cremona

CremoneseCremona, Italy CremoneseCircuito di CremonaCremona provinceCremonese violinshistoryprovince of CremonaTown of Cremona
Cremona (, also, ; Cremùna; ) is a city and comune in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left bank of the Po River in the middle of the Pianura Padana (Po Valley).wikipedia
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Giuseppe Guarneri

Guarneri del GesuGiuseppe Guarneri del GesùGuarneri del Gesù
The city of Cremona is especially noted for its musical history and traditions, including some of the earliest and most renowned luthiers, such as Giuseppe Guarneri, Antonio Stradivari, Francesco Rugeri, Vincenzo Rugeri, and several members of the Amati family.
Bartolomeo Giuseppe Guarneri, del Gesù (, also, ; 21 August 1698 – 17 October 1744) was an Italian luthier from the Guarneri family of Cremona.

Province of Cremona

CremonaCRCremona Province
It is the capital of the province of Cremona and the seat of the local city and province governments.
Its capital city is Cremona.

Amati

AMATI FAMILYAmatisAmati cello
The city of Cremona is especially noted for its musical history and traditions, including some of the earliest and most renowned luthiers, such as Giuseppe Guarneri, Antonio Stradivari, Francesco Rugeri, Vincenzo Rugeri, and several members of the Amati family.
Amati is the last name of a family of Italian violin makers who lived at Cremona from about 1538 to 1740.

Antonio Stradivari

StradivariAntonio StradivariusStradivarius
The city of Cremona is especially noted for its musical history and traditions, including some of the earliest and most renowned luthiers, such as Giuseppe Guarneri, Antonio Stradivari, Francesco Rugeri, Vincenzo Rugeri, and several members of the Amati family.
Stradivari's ancestry consisted of notable citizens of Cremona, dating back to at least the 12th or 13th century.

Piacenza

PlacentiaRoncagliaPiacentine
Cremona and nearby Placentia (modern Piacenza, on the south bank of the Po), were founded in the same year, as bases for penetration into what became the Roman Province of Gallia Cisalpina (Cisalpine Gaul).
Piacenza and Cremona were founded as Roman military colonies in May 218 BC.

Vincenzo Rugeri

The city of Cremona is especially noted for its musical history and traditions, including some of the earliest and most renowned luthiers, such as Giuseppe Guarneri, Antonio Stradivari, Francesco Rugeri, Vincenzo Rugeri, and several members of the Amati family.
Vincenzo Rugeri (30 September 1663 – 4 May 1719) (also known as Ruger, Rugier, Rugieri, Ruggeri, Ruggieri, Ruggerius), was an Italian luthier of string instruments such as violins, cellos, and, violas in Cremona, Italy.

Virgil

VergilPublius Vergilius MaroVirgilian
The famous poet Virgil, who went to school in Cremona, had to forfeit his ancestral farm ("too close to wretched Cremona"), but later regained it.
He attended schools in Cremona, Mediolanum, Rome and Naples.

Brescia

BrixiaBrescia, ItalyBuffalora
Its territory was divided between the two duchies of Brescia and Bergamo. In 1213, at Castelleone, the Cremonese defeated the League of Milan, Lodi, Crema, Novara, Como and Brescia.
Subsequently, it expanded into the nearby countryside, first at the expense of the local landholders, and later against the neighbouring communes, notably Bergamo and Cremona.

Aquileia

AquileaAquilaeAquilegia
Cremona quickly grew into one of the largest towns in northern Italy, as it was on the main road connecting Genoa to Aquileia, the Via Postumia.
In 148 BC, it was connected with Genua by the Via Postumia, which stretched across the Padanian plain from Aquileia through or near to Opitergium, Tarvisium, Vicetia, Verona, Bedriacum, and the three Roman colonies of Cremona, Placentia, and Dertona.

Crema, Lombardy

CremaCrema, ItalyCrema Cathedral
Cremona gained the Insula Fulcheria, the area around the nearby city of Crema, as its territory. In 1213, at Castelleone, the Cremonese defeated the League of Milan, Lodi, Crema, Novara, Como and Brescia.
It is built along the river Serio at 43 km from Cremona.

Via Postumia

Postumia
Cremona quickly grew into one of the largest towns in northern Italy, as it was on the main road connecting Genoa to Aquileia, the Via Postumia.
It ran from the coast at Genua through the mountains to Dertona, Placentia (the termination of the Via Aemilia) and Cremona, just east of the point where it crossed the Po River.

Cisalpine Gaul

Gallia CisalpinaGallia TranspadanaCisalpine
Cremona and nearby Placentia (modern Piacenza, on the south bank of the Po), were founded in the same year, as bases for penetration into what became the Roman Province of Gallia Cisalpina (Cisalpine Gaul).
34) has the Bituriges, Arverni, Senones, Aedui, Ambarri, Carnutes, and Aulerci led by Bellovesus, arrive in northern Italy during the reign of Tarquinius Priscus (7th-6th century BC), occupying the area between Milan and Cremona.

Battle of Legnano

Legnanobattles of Legnanodefeat at Legnano
Its troops were part of the army that, on 29 May 1176, defeated Barbarossa in the Battle of Legnano.
As a consequence, imperial power did not prevent the expansionist aims of the various cities in the surrounding territories and other municipalities, and therefore the municipalities began to fight each other to try to establish hegemony in the region Frederick Barbarossa, on the other hand, repudiated the policy of his predecessors by attempting to restore the imperial power over the municipalities of Northern Italy, also on the basis of the requests of some of the latter, who repeatedly asked for imperial intervention to limit Milan's desire for supremacy, a city that tried several times to predominate over the others: for example, in 1111 and 1127 conquered, respectively, Lodi and Como, forcing Pavia, Cremona and Bergamo to passivity.

Lombards

LombardLongobardsLongobard
When the Lombards invaded much of Italy in the second half of the 6th century AD, Cremona remained a Byzantine stronghold as part of the Exarchate of Ravenna.
Agilulf successfully fought the rebel dukes of northern Italy, conquering Padua in 601, Cremona and Mantua in 603, and forcing the Exarch of Ravenna to pay tribute.

Pope Urban II

Urban IIPope UrbanOdo I de Lagery
The conflict ended with the defeat of Henry IV and his famous humiliation of Canossa to Pope Urban II in 1098.
He supported the rebellion of Prince Conrad against his father and bestowed the office of groom on Conrad at Cremona in 1095.

Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick IIEmperor Frederick IIFrederick II of Hohenstaufen
In 1232, Cremona allied itself with Emperor Frederick II, who was again trying to reassert the Empire's authority over Northern Italy.
In 1225, after agreeing with Pope Honorius to launch a Crusade before 1228, Frederick summoned an imperial Diet at Cremona, the main pro-imperial city in Lombardy: the main arguments for holding the Diet would be to continue the struggle against heresy, to organize the crusade and, above all, to restore the imperial power in northern Italy, which had long been usurped by the numerous communes located there.

Lombard League

Lombardan alliance of powerful Italian city statesLega Lombarda
However, in 1167 the city changed sides and joined the Lombard League.
Formed at Pontida on 1 December 1167, the Lombard League included—beside Verona, Padua, Vicenza and Venice—cities like Crema, Cremona, Mantua, Piacenza, Bergamo, Brescia, Milan, Genoa, Bologna, Modena, Reggio Emilia, Treviso, Vercelli, Lodi, Parma, Ferrara and even some lords, such as the Marquis Malaspina and Ezzelino da Romano.

Battle of Cortenuova

battle in Cortenuovabattle of Cortenovabattlefield at Cortenuova
In the Battle of Cortenuova, the Cremonese were on the winning side.
The rest of the army was formed by Ghibellines from Cremona, Pavia, Modena, Parma and Reggio, for a total of 12,000 – 15,000 men

Cremona Cathedral

Cathedral of CremonaCathedralDuomo di Cremona
The Cathedral of Cremona with the annexed Baptistery constitutes one of the most notable sites for Romanesque-Gothic art in northern Italy.
Cremona Cathedral (Duomo di Cremona, Cattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta), dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Cremona, Lombardy, northern Italy.

Castelleone

In 1213, at Castelleone, the Cremonese defeated the League of Milan, Lodi, Crema, Novara, Como and Brescia.
Castelleone (locally Castigliòn) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Cremona in the Italian region of Lombardy, located about 50 km southeast of Milan and about 30 km northwest of Cremona.

Bianca Maria Visconti

Bianca MariaDuchess Bianca Maria ViscontiVisconti's illegitimate daughter
In 1441 the city hosted the marriage of Francesco I Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti in the temple built by the Benedictines, which today is the church of Saint Sigismund.
Sforza probably also accepted because of the rich dowry, which included territories in the areas of Cremona, Castellazzo di Bollate and Bosco Frugarolo.

Lombardy

LombardLombardiaLombardy Region
Cremona (, also, ; Cremùna; ) is a city and comune in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left bank of the Po River in the middle of the Pianura Padana (Po Valley).
Lombardy has always been an important centre for silk and textile production, notably the cities of Pavia, Vigevano and Cremona, but Milan is the region's most important centre for clothing and high fashion.

Sant'Agata, Cremona

Sant'Agata
The Church of Sant'Agata is one of the oldest churches in the city of Cremona, Italy.

Cremona Baptistery

Baptistery
The Cathedral of Cremona with the annexed Baptistery constitutes one of the most notable sites for Romanesque-Gothic art in northern Italy.
The Cremona Baptistery (Italian: Battistero di Cremona) is a religious edifice in Cremona, northern Italy.

Cenomani (Cisalpine Gaul)

CenomaniCeltic Cenomani of Cisalpine GaulCenomani Celts
Cremona is first mentioned in history as a settlement of the Cenomani, a Gallic (Celtic) tribe that arrived in the Po valley around 400 BC.
Pliny assigns to them Cremona and Brixia: while Ptolemy gives them a much wider extent, comprising not only Bergamum (modern Bergamo) and Mantua, but Tridentum also, which was certainly a Rhaetian city.