Crete

CretanCretansCretaCrete, GreeceKritiIsland of Crete, GreeceKrítiIsland of CreteCandiaCretian
Crete (Κρήτη, ; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.wikipedia
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Cretan State

Creteautonomous stateCretan
The Cretan people, who maintained a desire to join the Greek state, achieved independence from the Ottomans in 1898 as the Cretan State and became part of Greece in December 1913.
The Cretan State, was established in 1898, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Britain, France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, and Russia) on the island of Crete.

Sea of Crete

Cretan SeaCretan
The Dodecanese are located to the northeast of Crete, while the Cyclades are situated to the north, separated by the Sea of Crete.
The sea stretches to the North of the island of Crete, East of the islands of Kythera and Antikythera, South of the Cyclades, and West of the Dodecanese islands of Rhodes, Karpathos and Kassos.

Minoan civilization

MinoanMinoansMinoan Crete
Crete was the centre of Europe's first advanced civilization, the Minoans, from 2700 to 1420 BC; the Minoan civilization was overrun by the Mycenaean civilization from mainland Greece.
The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands, flourishing from c. 2700 to c. 1450 BC until a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100 BC.

Mycenaean Greek

MycenaeanMycenean GreekMycenean
The current name of Crete is thought to be first attested in Mycenaean Greek texts written in Linear B, through the words ke-re-te (*Krētes; later Greek: Κρῆτες, plural of Κρής), ke-re-si-jo (*Krēsijos; later Greek: Κρήσιος), "Cretan".
Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete and Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus ad quem for the introduction of the Greek language to Greece.

Heraklion International Airport

HeraklionHeraklion AirportHeraklion International Airport, "Nikos Kazantzakis
The Nikos Kazantzakis at Heraklion and the Daskalogiannis airport at Chania serve international travellers.
Heraklion International Airport "Nikos Kazantzakis" is the primary airport on the island of Crete, Greece, and the country's second busiest airport after Athens International Airport.

Ierapetra

HierapytnaHierapetraChrissi
The island has an elongated shape: it spans 260 km from east to west, is 60 km at its widest point, and narrows to as little as 12 km (close to Ierapetra).
Ierapetra (Ιεράπετρα; ancient name: Ἱεράπυτνα ) is a town and municipality on the south coast of Crete.

Emirate of Crete

CreteCretan SaracensEmir of Crete
The original Arabic name of Crete was Iqrīṭiš, but after the Emirate of Crete's establishment of its new capital at ربض الخندق Rabḍ al-Ḫandaq (modern Iraklion), both the city and the island became known as Χάνδαξ (Chandax) or Χάνδακας (Chandakas), which gave Latin, Italian and Venetian Candia, from which were derived French Candie and English Candy or Candia.
The Emirate of Crete was a Muslim state that existed on the Mediterranean island of Crete from the late 820s to the reconquest of the island by the Byzantine Empire in 961.

Mari, Syria

MariMarioteTell Hariri
The island is first referred to as Kaptara in texts from the Syrian city of Mari dating from the 18th century BC, repeated later in Neo-Assyrian records and the Bible (Caphtor).
They also revealed the wide trading networks of the 18th century BC, which connected areas as far as Afghanistan in Southern Asia and Crete in the Mediterranean region.

Chania International Airport

Souda Air BaseChaniaCHQ
The Nikos Kazantzakis at Heraklion and the Daskalogiannis airport at Chania serve international travellers.
Chania International Airport "Daskalogiannis" is an international airport located near Souda Bay on the Akrotiri peninsula of the Greek island of Crete, serving the city of Chania, 14 km away.

Aegean Sea

AegeanAegean coastAgean sea
It bounds the southern border of the Aegean sea.
The Aegean Islands are located within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Crete and Rhodes.

Omalos

These mountains lavish Crete with valleys, such as Amari valley, fertile plateaus, such as Lasithi plateau, Omalos and Nidha; caves, such as Gourgouthakas, Diktaion, and Idaion (the birthplace of the ancient Greek god Zeus); and a number of gorges.
Omalos is a small village in western Crete, in the Mousouroi unit of the Chania region.

Lefka Ori

White MountainsCretan White MountainsLefka Ori (White Mountains)
The island is mountainous, and its character is defined by a high mountain range crossing from west to east; the range of Lefka Ori contains Crete's highest point, Mount Ida.
Lefka Ori (Λευκά Όρη, meaning "White Mountains") or Madares (Μαδάρες from the Cretan Greek μαδαρός meaning "without coverage, bald, bare of any vegetation for high mountain areas") is a mountain range located in Western Crete, in the Chania prefecture.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Crete was the centre of Europe's first advanced civilization, the Minoans, from 2700 to 1420 BC; the Minoan civilization was overrun by the Mycenaean civilization from mainland Greece. Off the south coast, the island of Gavdos is located 26 nmi south of Hora Sfakion and is the southernmost point of Europe.
The European Bronze Age began c. 3200 BC in Greece with the Minoan civilization on Crete, the first advanced civilization in Europe.

Caphtor

KeftiuCaphtorimCaphtorites
The island is first referred to as Kaptara in texts from the Syrian city of Mari dating from the 18th century BC, repeated later in Neo-Assyrian records and the Bible (Caphtor).
Jewish sources placed Caphtor in the region of Pelusium, though modern sources tend to associate it with localities such as Cilicia, Cyprus, or Crete.

Mount Ida (Crete)

Mount IdaPsiloritisIda
The island is mountainous, and its character is defined by a high mountain range crossing from west to east; the range of Lefka Ori contains Crete's highest point, Mount Ida.
In Crete is called Psiloritis the mountain range as a whole and the summit Ida, at 2,456 m (8,057 feet), is the highest mountain on Crete.

Dikti

DikteDikti MountainsMount Dicte
According to Greek Mythology, The Diktaean Cave at Mount Dikti was the birthplace of the god Zeus.
Dikti or Dicte (also Lasithiotika Ori; Λασιθιώτικα Όρη "Lasithian Mountains"; anciently, Aigaion oros or Aegaeum mons) is a mountain range on the east of the island of Crete in the regional unit of Lasithi.

Sitia

SiteiaSeteaΣητείας
The island has a number of gorges, such as the Samariá Gorge, Imbros Gorge, Kourtaliotiko Gorge, Ha Gorge, Platania Gorge, the Gorge of the Dead (at Kato Zakros, Sitia) and Richtis Gorge and (Richtis) waterfall at Exo Mouliana in Sitia.
Sitia is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi, Crete, Greece.

Gavdos

GaudoClaudaClauda or Cauda island
Off the south coast, the island of Gavdos is located 26 nmi south of Hora Sfakion and is the southernmost point of Europe.
Gavdos is the southernmost Greek island, located to the south of its much larger neighbour, Crete, of which it is administratively a part, in the regional unit of Chania.

Lasithi Plateau

Oropedio LasithiouLassithi PlateauLasithi
These mountains lavish Crete with valleys, such as Amari valley, fertile plateaus, such as Lasithi plateau, Omalos and Nidha; caves, such as Gourgouthakas, Diktaion, and Idaion (the birthplace of the ancient Greek god Zeus); and a number of gorges.
The Lasithi Plateau (Οροπέδιο Λασιθίου, Oropedio Lasithiou), sometimes spelt Lassithi Plateau is a high endorheic plateau, located in the Lasithi regional unit in eastern Crete, Greece.

Kissamos

Kastelli-KissamosKastelli KissamouKissamos Province
Kissamos is a town and municipality, multiple (former) bishopric and Latin titular see in the west of the island of Crete, Greece.

Mount Kedros

KedrosMt. Kedros
Mount Kedros (Όρος Κέντρος, also Κέδρος), is a mountain on the island of Crete in Greece.

Linear B

𐃏ambiguous writing systemLinear B script
The current name of Crete is thought to be first attested in Mycenaean Greek texts written in Linear B, through the words ke-re-te (*Krētes; later Greek: Κρῆτες, plural of Κρής), ke-re-si-jo (*Krēsijos; later Greek: Κρήσιος), "Cretan".
In all the thousands of clay tablets, a relatively small number of different "hands" have been detected: 45 in Pylos (west coast of the Peloponnese, in southern Greece) and 66 in Knossos (Crete).

Lasithi

Lasithi PrefectureLassithiLasithia
From west to east these are: Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion, and Lasithi.
Lasithi is the easternmost regional unit on the island of Crete, to the east of Heraklion.

Geropotamos (river)

Ieropotamos River
The rivers of Crete include the Ieropotamos River, the Koiliaris, the Anapodiaris, the Almiros, the Giofyros, and Megas Potamos.
The Geropotamos (Γεροπόταμος or Ιερός Ποταμός) is a watercourse in southern Crete in Greece.

Ha Gorge

The island has a number of gorges, such as the Samariá Gorge, Imbros Gorge, Kourtaliotiko Gorge, Ha Gorge, Platania Gorge, the Gorge of the Dead (at Kato Zakros, Sitia) and Richtis Gorge and (Richtis) waterfall at Exo Mouliana in Sitia.
Ha Gorge is a narrow gorge, at the Monasteraki Dakos, on the eastern part of the island of Crete in Greece.