Criminal justice

criminal justice systemcriminalcriminal courtcriminal courtsjusticeprotection of lawcriminal matterscriminal prosecutionjustice systempenal
Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.wikipedia
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Arrest

arrestedcustodypolice custody
The first contact a defendant has with the criminal justice system is usually with the police (or law enforcement) who investigates the suspected wrongdoing and makes an arrest, but if the suspect is dangerous to the whole nation, a national level law enforcement agency is called in.
An arrest is a procedure in a criminal justice system.

Criminal law

criminalcriminal casepenal law
Criminal law is concerned with actions which are dangerous or harmful to society as a whole, in which prosecution is pursued not by an individual but rather by the state.

Justice

justequitycivil justice
Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.

Michigan State University

Michigan StateMichigan State CollegeMichigan Agricultural College
Other programs were established in the United States at Indiana University, Michigan State University, San Jose State University, and the University of Washington.
Other programs of note include criminal justice, hospitality business, packaging, political science, dietetics and communications.

Crime

criminalcriminalscriminal offence
Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes.
In addition, authorities provide remedies and sanctions, and collectively these constitute a criminal justice system.

August Vollmer

the first police chief
It emerged as an academic discipline in the 1920s, beginning with Berkeley police chief August Vollmer who established a criminal justice program at the University of California, Berkeley in 1916.
He was the first chief to require that police officers attain college degrees, and persuaded the University of California to teach criminal justice.

Bachelor of Criminal Justice

Bachelor of Justicebachelor's degree in criminal justiceBCJ
A number of universities offer a Bachelor of Criminal Justice.
A Bachelor of Criminal Justice (abbreviated BCJ) is an undergraduate academic degree in the field of criminal justice.

Federal Bureau of Investigation

FBIFBI agentF.B.I.
Formed in 1908, the Federal Bureau of Investigation began as an entity which could investigate and enforce specific federal laws as an investigative and "law enforcement agency" in the United States; this, however, has constituted only a small portion of overall policing activity.
First published in 1932 as Fugitives Wanted by Police, the FBI Law Bulletin covers topics including law enforcement technology and issues, such as crime mapping and use of force, as well as recent criminal justice research, and ViCAP alerts, on wanted suspects and key cases.

Prison

jailgaolpenitentiary
The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defense lawyers, the courts and prisons. For a time, Pennsylvania's criminal code was revised to forbid torture and other forms of cruel punishment, with jails and prisons replacing corporal punishment.
Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until their trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment.

Torture

torturedtorturingtorture device
For a time, Pennsylvania's criminal code was revised to forbid torture and other forms of cruel punishment, with jails and prisons replacing corporal punishment.

Outline of criminal justice

outlineCriminal justice
Criminal justice – system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts.

Criminology

criminologistcriminologistscriminological
The functional study of criminal justice is distinct from criminology, which involves the study of crime as a social phenomenon, causes of crime, criminal behavior, and other aspects of crime.
Convict criminologists have been directly affected by the criminal justice system, oftentimes having spent years inside the prison system.

Public criminology

public
The general response to public criminology has been positive, however several authors have voiced a number of concerns: one set of concerns focuses on the ability of public criminologists to effectively impact policy decisions; another set of concerns suggests that initial forays into public criminology have been blind to the political-economic structures that shape Criminal Justice Systems; a third concern centers on the barriers that remain for participating in public criminology.

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences

The Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) is an international association established in 1963 to foster professional and scholarly activities in the field of criminal justice and criminology.

American Society of Criminology

AmericanAmerican Criminological Society
Members include practitioners, academicians, and students in the many fields of criminal justice and criminology.

Police

policingpolice forcepolice department
The first contact a defendant has with the criminal justice system is usually with the police (or law enforcement) who investigates the suspected wrongdoing and makes an arrest, but if the suspect is dangerous to the whole nation, a national level law enforcement agency is called in. The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defense lawyers, the courts and prisons.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
The criminal justice system is a series of government agencies and institutions.

Rehabilitation (penology)

rehabilitationrehabilitaterehabilitating
Goals include the rehabilitation of offenders, preventing other crimes, and moral support for victims.

Prosecutor

prosecutionprosecuting attorneypublic prosecutor
The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defense lawyers, the courts and prisons.

Court

court of lawcourtscourts of law
The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defense lawyers, the courts and prisons.

Old English

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
The Law From Old English lagu (something laid down or fixed) ; legal comes from Latin legalis, from lex "law," "statute" is a system of rules usually enforced through a set of institutions.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The Law From Old English lagu (something laid down or fixed) ; legal comes from Latin legalis, from lex "law," "statute" is a system of rules usually enforced through a set of institutions.

Translating "law" to other European languages

Rechtlex
The Law From Old English lagu (something laid down or fixed) ; legal comes from Latin legalis, from lex "law," "statute" is a system of rules usually enforced through a set of institutions.

Code of Hammurabi

Codex HammurabiHammurabi CodeHammurabi's Code
The oldest known codified law is the Code of Hammurabi, dating back to about 1754 BC.