Croatia

🇭🇷CroatianRepublic of CroatiaCroatCROCroatsHRHRVCroatian Albums ChartCroat-born
Croatia (, ; Hrvatska, ), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska, ) is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.wikipedia
23,667 Related Articles

Slovenia

🇸🇮SlovenianSlovene
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.

Serbia

🇷🇸SRBSerbian
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
The sovereign state borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Montenegro to the southwest.

Montenegro

🇲🇪MontenegrinMNE
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the north; Serbia and the disputed country of Kosovo to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the west.

Administrative divisions of Croatia

administrative divisionslocal government unitsadministrative division
Its capital, Zagreb, forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with twenty counties.
The subdivisions of Croatia on the first level are the 20 counties (županija, pl. županije) and one city-county (grad, "city").

Kingdom of Croatia (925–1102)

Kingdom of CroatiaCroatiaCroatian Kingdom
Tomislav became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom, which retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of kings Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir.
The Kingdom of Croatia (Kraljevina Hrvatska, Regnum Croatiae), or Croatian Kingdom (Hrvatsko Kraljevstvo), was a medieval kingdom in Central Europe comprising most of what is today Croatia (without western Istria and some Dalmatian coastal cities), as well as most of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Croatian War of Independence

warwar in CroatiaCroatia
The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully for four years following the declaration.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand IFerdinandEmperor Ferdinand I
In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of Austria to the Croatian throne.
Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564.

Independence of Croatia

Croatia declared independence from YugoslaviaindependenceCroatia declared its independence
On 25 June 1991, Croatia declared independence, which came wholly into effect on 8 October of the same year.
The independence of Croatia was a process started with the changes in the political system and the constitutional changes in 1990 that transformed the Socialist Republic of Croatia into the Republic of Croatia, which in turn proclaimed the Christmas Constitution, and held the Croatian independence referendum, 1991.

Independent State of Croatia

CroatiaNDHCroatian
Following the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, most of the Croatian territory was incorporated into the Nazi-backed client-state which led to the development of a resistance movement and the creation of the Federal State of Croatia which after the war become a founding member and a federal constituent of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
It was established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia on 10 April 1941, after the invasion by the Axis powers. Its territory consisted of most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as some parts of modern-day Serbia and Slovenia, but also excluded many Croat-populated areas in Dalmatia (until late 1943), Istria, and Međimurje regions (which today are part of Croatia).

Economy of Croatia

economic impact64country's economy
Croatia's economy is dominated by service and industrial sectors and agriculture.
The economy of Croatia is a service-based economy with the tertiary sector accounting for 70% of total gross domestic product (GDP).

Tourism in Croatia

tourismCroatian tourismtourist industry
Tourism is a significant source of revenue, with Croatia ranked among top 20 most popular tourist destinations in the world.
In 2018, Croatia had 18.4 million tourist visitors who made 110.275 million overnight stays.

Media of Croatia

Croatian mediamediamedia in the country
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
The media of Croatia refers to mass media outlets based in Croatia.

Croatian literature

Croatianliteraturewriter
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
Croatian literature refers to literary works attributed to the medieval and modern culture of the Croats, Croatia and the Croatian language.

Name of Croatia

Croatian ethnonymEtymology of the Croatian ethnonymHrvati
The name of Croatia derives from Medieval Latin Croātia.
The name of Croatia (Hrvatska) derives from Medieval Latin Croātia, itself a derivation of the native ethnonym, earlier Xъrvatъ and modern-day Hrvat.

Culture of Croatia

CroatiancultureCroat culture
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
Because of its geographic position, Croatia represents a blend of for different cultural spheres.

Transport in Croatia

Croatiatransport routes and facilitiesroutes of transportation
Since 2000, the Croatian government has constantly invested in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors.
Croatia has 68 airports, nine of which are international.

Kingdom of Hungary

HungaryHungarianHungarians
Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102.
From 1102 it also included Croatia, being in personal union with it, united under the King of Hungary.

Krapina

Fossils of Neanderthals dating to the middle Palaeolithic period have been unearthed in northern Croatia, with the most famous and the best presented site in Krapina.
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 (2011) and a total municipality population of 12,480 (2011).

Korčula

CurzolaCorcyra NigraCarzola
Much later, the region was settled by Illyrians and Liburnians, while the first Greek colonies were established on the islands of Hvar, Korčula, and Vis.
Korčula ( is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea.

Split, Croatia

SplitSpalatoSplit, Yugoslavia
Emperor Diocletian had a large palace built in Split to which he retired after his abdication in AD 305.
Split (see other names) is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia, with about 200,000 people living in its urban area.

Hvar

PharosLesinaisland of Hvar
Much later, the region was settled by Illyrians and Liburnians, while the first Greek colonies were established on the islands of Hvar, Korčula, and Vis.
Hvar (local Chakavian dialect: Hvor or For, Pharos, Φάρος, Pharia, Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač, Vis and Korčula.

Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia

Dmitar ZvonimirDemetrius ZvonimirZvonimir
Tomislav became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom, which retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of kings Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir.
The term "Slavonia" (Sclavonia) at the time referred to both modern day Slavonia and North-West Croatia.

Southeast Europe

southeastern Europesouth-eastern EuropeSoutheastern
Croatia (, ; Hrvatska, ), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska, ) is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Sovereign states that are most frequently included in the region are, in alphabetical order: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia.

Healthcare in Croatia

healthcareuniversal health care
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
Croatia has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Hungarian-Croatian Parliament Act of 1891, providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen.

Croats

CroatianCroatCroatia
Inhabited since the Paleolithic Age, the Croats arrived in the area in the 6th century and organised the territory into two duchies by the 9th century.
Croats (Hrvati, ) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia.