Croatia

Republic of CroatiaCroatianCROCroatCroatsHrvatskaHRHRVRepublika HrvatskaCroat-born
Croatia (, ; Hrvatska, ), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska, ), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.wikipedia
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Slovenia

SloveneSlovenianRepublic of Slovenia
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It is bordered by Italy to the west, Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the southeast, and the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, North Macedonia to the south, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, and Montenegro to the southwest.

Montenegro

MontenegrinMNEMontenegrins
It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy.
It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest; Serbia and Kosovo to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the west.

Administrative divisions of Croatia

administrative divisionslocal government unitsadministrative division
Its capital, Zagreb, forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with twenty counties.
The subdivisions of Croatia on the first level are the 20 counties (županija, pl. županije) and one city-county (grad, "city").

Duchy of Croatia

CroatiaDalmatian CroatiaDuchy of the Croats
Inhabited since the Paleolithic Age, the Croats arrived in the area in the 6th century and organised the territory into two duchies by the 9th century.
The Duchy of Croatia (Kneževina Hrvatska; also Duchy of the Croats, Kneževina Hrvata; Dalmatian Croatia, Dalmatinska Hrvatska; Littoral Croatia, Primorska Hrvatska; Greek: Χρωβατία), was a medieval Croatian duchy that was established in the former Roman province of Dalmatia.

Kingdom of Croatia (925–1102)

Kingdom of CroatiaCroatiaCroatian Kingdom
Tomislav became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom, which retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries.
The Kingdom of Croatia (Kraljevina Hrvatska, Regnum Croatiae), or Croatian Kingdom (Hrvatsko Kraljevstvo), was a medieval kingdom in Central Europe comprising most of what is today Croatia (without western Istria and some Dalmatian coastal cities), as well as most of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Croatian War of Independence

warCroatian Warwar in Croatia
The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully for four years following the declaration.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.

Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

Ferdinand IFerdinandEmperor Ferdinand I
In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of Austria to the Croatian throne.
Ferdinand I (Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, king of Bohemia and Royal Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death in 1564.

Independence of Croatia

Croatia declared independence from YugoslaviaindependenceCroatia declared its independence
On 25 June 1991, Croatia declared independence, which came wholly into effect on 8 October of the same year.
The Independence of Croatia was a process started with the changes in the political system and the constitutional changes in 1990 that transformed the Socialist Republic of Croatia into the Republic of Croatia, which in turn proclaimed the Christmas Constitution, and held the 1991 Croatian independence referendum.

Independent State of Croatia

CroatiaNDHCroatian
Following the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, most of the Croatian territory was incorporated into a Nazi-backed client-state, the Independent State of Croatia.
It was established in parts of occupied Yugoslavia on 10 April 1941, after the invasion by the Axis powers. Its territory consisted of most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as some parts of modern-day Serbia and Slovenia, but also excluded many Croat-populated areas in Dalmatia (until late 1943), Istria, and Međimurje regions (which today are part of Croatia).

Tourism in Croatia

tourismCroatian tourismtourist industry
Tourism is a significant source of revenue, with Croatia ranked among the top 20 most popular tourist destinations in the world.
In 2018, Croatia had 19.7 million tourist visitors who made 110.275 million overnight stays.

Economy of Croatia

economic impactCroatia's economyCroatian economy
Croatia's economy is dominated by service, industrial sectors and agriculture.
After the collapse of socialism, Croatia went through a process of transition to a market-based economy in the 1990s, but its economy suffered badly during the Croatian War of Independence.

Croatian literature

CroatianliteratureCroatian writer
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
Croatian literature refers to literary works attributed to the medieval and modern culture of the Croats, Croatia and the Croatian language.

Media of Croatia

Croatian mediamediaMedia in Croatia
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
The media of Croatia refers to mass media outlets based in Croatia.

Names of the Croats and Croatia

Name of CroatiaCroatian ethnonymethnonym
The name of Croatia derives from Medieval Latin Croātia.
The name of Croatia (Hrvatska) derives from Medieval Latin Croātia, itself a derivation of the native ethnonym of Croats, earlier Xъrvatъ and modern-day Hrvati.

Culture of Croatia

Croatian cultureCroatianculture
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
Because of its geographic position, Croatia represents a blend of four different cultural spheres.

Transport in Croatia

CroatiaRoads in Croatiatransport routes and facilities
Since 2000, the Croatian government has constantly invested in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors.
Croatia has 68 airports, nine of which are international.

Southeast Europe

Southeastern EuropeSouth-Eastern EuropeSouth Eastern Europe
Croatia (, ; Hrvatska, ), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska, ), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
Sovereign states and territories that are included in the region are, in alphabetical order: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and East Thrace (part of Turkey).

Kingdom of Hungary

HungaryHungarianHungarian Kingdom
During the succession crisis after the Trpimirović dynasty ended, Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102.
The Kingdom of Hungary was a multiethnic state from its inception until the Treaty of Trianon and it covered what is today Hungary, Slovakia, Transylvania and other parts of what is now Romania, Carpathian Ruthenia (now part of Ukraine), Vojvodina (now part of Serbia), Burgenland (now part of Austria), Međimurje (now part of Croatia), Prekmurje (now part of Slovenia) and a few villages in Poland).

Krapina

Korpona
Fossils of Neanderthals dating to the middle Palaeolithic period have been unearthed in northern Croatia, with the most famous and the best presented site in Krapina.
Krapina is a town in northern Croatia and the administrative centre of Krapina-Zagorje County with a population of 4,482 (2011) and a total municipality population of 12,480 (2011).

Korčula

CurzolaCorcyra NigraKorcula
Much later, the region was settled by Illyrians and Liburnians, while the first Greek colonies were established on the islands of Hvar, Korčula, and Vis.
Korčula (, Curzola) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea.

Split, Croatia

SplitSplit, YugoslaviaSpalato
Emperor Diocletian had a large palace built in Split to which he retired after his abdication in AD 305.
Split (, as the English word split; ; see other names) is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia, with about 250,000 people living in its urban area.

Hvar

PharosLesinaisland of Hvar
Much later, the region was settled by Illyrians and Liburnians, while the first Greek colonies were established on the islands of Hvar, Korčula, and Vis.
Hvar (local Chakavian dialect: Hvor or For, Pharos, Φάρος, Pharia, Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast, lying between the islands of Brač, Vis and Korčula.

Healthcare in Croatia

Health care in CroatiaHealth in Croatiahealthcare
Croatia provides a social security, universal health care system, and a tuition-free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and corporate investments in media and publishing.
Croatia has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Hungarian-Croatian Parliament Act of 1891, providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen.

Croats

CroatianCroatCroatians
Inhabited since the Paleolithic Age, the Croats arrived in the area in the 6th century and organised the territory into two duchies by the 9th century.
Croats (Hrvati, ) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.