Cross of Justin II

The Cross of Justin II (also known as Crux Vaticana, Latin for "Vatican Cross") is a processional cross dating from the sixth century that is kept in the Treasury in St. Peter's Basilica, in Vatican City.wikipedia
32 Related Articles

Processional cross

processional
The Cross of Justin II (also known as Crux Vaticana, Latin for "Vatican Cross") is a processional cross dating from the sixth century that is kept in the Treasury in St. Peter's Basilica, in Vatican City.
Notable early examples include the Cross of Justin II (possibly a hanging votive cross originally), Cross of Lothair, and Cross of Cong.

Crux gemmata

jewelled crossgolden cross with precious and rare stonesjewelled crosses
It is a crux gemmata or jewelled cross, silver-gilt and adorned with jewels in gold settings, given to the people of Rome by the Roman Emperor Justin II, who reigned from 565 to 578, and his co-ruler and wife, the Empress Sophia.
Examples in metalwork are the Cross of Justin II (6th century, in the Vatican Museums), the 'crumpled cross' in the Staffordshire Hoard (8th century), the Cross of Lothair (10th century, Aachen Cathedral Treasury), the Iberian Cross of the Angels and Victory Cross, and the Cross of Cong (1120s?, National Museum of Ireland).

Justin II

Emperor Justin IIJustinFlavius Justinus
It is a crux gemmata or jewelled cross, silver-gilt and adorned with jewels in gold settings, given to the people of Rome by the Roman Emperor Justin II, who reigned from 565 to 578, and his co-ruler and wife, the Empress Sophia.
He presented the Cross of Justin II to Saint Peter's, Rome.

Sophia (empress)

SophiaAelia SophiaEmpress Sophia
It is a crux gemmata or jewelled cross, silver-gilt and adorned with jewels in gold settings, given to the people of Rome by the Roman Emperor Justin II, who reigned from 565 to 578, and his co-ruler and wife, the Empress Sophia.
They also sent relics to Pope John III in an attempt to improve relations: the Cross of Justin II in the Vatican Museums, a crux gemmata, and a reliquary of the True Cross perhaps given at this point, has an inscription recording their donation and apparently their portraits on the ends of the arms on the reverse.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The Cross of Justin II (also known as Crux Vaticana, Latin for "Vatican Cross") is a processional cross dating from the sixth century that is kept in the Treasury in St. Peter's Basilica, in Vatican City.

Reliquary

reliquariescasket of relicsreliquary chest
It is also a one of the oldest surviving claimed reliquaries of the True Cross, if not the oldest.

True Cross

Holy CrossCrossLignum Crucis
It is also a one of the oldest surviving claimed reliquaries of the True Cross, if not the oldest. In 569, Justin and Sophia together reportedly sent a relic of the True Cross to the Frankish princess Radegund, who founded a monastery at Poitiers to house it.

Silver-gilt

vermeilsilver giltgilded silver
It is a crux gemmata or jewelled cross, silver-gilt and adorned with jewels in gold settings, given to the people of Rome by the Roman Emperor Justin II, who reigned from 565 to 578, and his co-ruler and wife, the Empress Sophia.

Roman emperor

EmperoremperorsWestern Roman Emperor
It is a crux gemmata or jewelled cross, silver-gilt and adorned with jewels in gold settings, given to the people of Rome by the Roman Emperor Justin II, who reigned from 565 to 578, and his co-ruler and wife, the Empress Sophia.

St. Peter's Basilica

Saint Peter's BasilicaSt Peter's BasilicaSt. Peter
The Cross of Justin II (also known as Crux Vaticana, Latin for "Vatican Cross") is a processional cross dating from the sixth century that is kept in the Treasury in St. Peter's Basilica, in Vatican City.

Pendilia

pendants
The centres of the arms carry the inscriptions, and the edges of the arms jewels in set in gold, with four jewels hanging from the arms as pendilia.

Repoussé and chasing

repousséchasedchasing
The reverse side is decorated in repoussé silver, and shows an interesting transitional stage in the decoration of the cross.

Jesus

Jesus ChristChristJesus of Nazareth
At the period the church was starting to encourage representation of the human figure of Christ on the cross, making a crucifix, which had previously not been usual.

Crucifix

crosscrucifixescrosses
At the period the church was starting to encourage representation of the human figure of Christ on the cross, making a crucifix, which had previously not been usual.

Crucifixion in the arts

CrucifixionCrucifixion of JesusCrucifixion scene
At the period the church was starting to encourage representation of the human figure of Christ on the cross, making a crucifix, which had previously not been usual.

Lamb of God

Agnus DeiPaschal LambLamb
The central medallion shows the Lamb of God, a common older formula.

John the Baptist

St. John the BaptistSaint John the BaptistSt John the Baptist
Above and below this are images in medallions of Christ (the lower one may be John the Baptist instead).

Gospel

Gospelscanonical gospelsFour Gospels
The upper one shows Christ holding a book, representing the Gospels, which was to become a standard feature of the image of Christ Pantocrator; in the lower one Christ or John has a blessing gesture.

Christ Pantocrator

PantocratorChrist PantokratorPantokrator
The upper one shows Christ holding a book, representing the Gospels, which was to become a standard feature of the image of Christ Pantocrator; in the lower one Christ or John has a blessing gesture.

Mary, mother of Jesus

Virgin MaryMaryBlessed Virgin Mary
At the ends of the arms, where the Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist would often be found in later crucifixes, are instead portraits in medallions of Justin and his empress Sophia.

John the Evangelist

St John the EvangelistJohnSaint John the Evangelist
At the ends of the arms, where the Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist would often be found in later crucifixes, are instead portraits in medallions of Justin and his empress Sophia.

Franks

FrankishFrankFrankish kingdom
In 569, Justin and Sophia together reportedly sent a relic of the True Cross to the Frankish princess Radegund, who founded a monastery at Poitiers to house it.

Radegund

Saint RadegundSt RadegundRadegunda
In 569, Justin and Sophia together reportedly sent a relic of the True Cross to the Frankish princess Radegund, who founded a monastery at Poitiers to house it.

Poitiers

Poitiers, FrancePoitevinLimonum
In 569, Justin and Sophia together reportedly sent a relic of the True Cross to the Frankish princess Radegund, who founded a monastery at Poitiers to house it.

Vexilla regis

Vexilla Regis ProdeunttextVexilla regis prodeunt inferni
The event was commemorated in Vexilla Regis by Venantius Fortunatus.