Crown colony

Chart of current non-self-governing territories

Colony administered by The Crown within the British Empire.

- Crown colony
Chart of current non-self-governing territories

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British Hong Kong

Colony and dependent territory of the British Empire from 1841 to 1997, apart from a period under Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945.

Colony and dependent territory of the British Empire from 1841 to 1997, apart from a period under Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945.

Possibly the earliest painting of Hong Kong Island, showing the waterfront settlement which became Victoria City
Spring Garden Lane, 1846
Hong Kong in the 1930s
Japanese troops crossing the border from the mainland, 1941
British forces reoccupy Hong Kong under Rear-Admiral Cecil Harcourt, 30 August 1945
Government House, c. 1873
Victoria Harbour in 1988, showing the Bank of China Tower being built
Statue of Bruce Lee on the Avenue of Stars, a tribute to the city's film industry
The Hong Kong Sevens, considered the premier tournament of the World Rugby Sevens Series, is played each spring.
Police confrontation during the 1967 leftist riots

It was established as a Crown colony in 1843.

Colony of Virginia

The first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the subsequent farther south Roanoke Island by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

The first enduring English colony in North America, following failed proprietary attempts at settlement on Newfoundland by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583, and the subsequent farther south Roanoke Island by Sir Walter Raleigh in the late 1580s.

The site of the 1607 Popham Colony is shown by "Po" on the map. The settlement at Jamestown is shown by "J".
The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony "from sea to sea"
Map depicting the Colony of Virginia (according to the Second Charter), made by Willem Blaeu between 1609 and 1638
The Indian massacre of 1622, depicted in a 1628 woodcut by Matthäus Merian out of Theodore de Bry's workshop
Briefe Declaration of 1624
Red line showing the boundary between the Virginia Colony and Tributary Indian tribes, as established by the Treaty of 1646. The Red dot shows Jamestown, the capital of the Virginia Colony.
Lines showing the legal treaty frontiers between the Virginia Colony and Indian Nations in various years, as well as today's state boundaries. Red: Treaty of 1646. Green: Treaty of Albany (1684). Blue: Treaty of Albany (1722). Orange: Proclamation of 1763. Black: Treaty of Camp Charlotte (1774). Area west of this line in present-day Southwest Virginia was ceded by the Cherokee in 1775.
Map of the Iroquois expansion during the Beaver Wars, 1638–1711
Bermuda Hundred and other early English settlements upriver of Jamestown
Hanover County Courthouse (c. 1735–1742), with its arcaded front, is typical of a numerous colonial courthouse built in Virginia.
Rear view of the Wren Building at the College of William and Mary, begun in 1695

In 1624, the Virginia Company's charter was revoked by King James I, and the Virginia colony was transferred to royal authority as a crown colony.

Bermuda

British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.

British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.

First map of the islands of Bermuda in 1511, made by Peter Martyr d'Anghiera in his book Legatio Babylonica
John Smith wrote one of the first histories of Bermuda in 1624 (combined with Virginia and New England).
Map of Bermuda by Vincenzo Coronelli, 1 January 1692
Bermuda Gazette of 12 November 1796, calling for privateering against Spain and its allies; it has advertisements for crew for two privateer vessels.
An illustration of the Devonshire Redoubt, Bermuda, 1614
Mullet Bay and the harbour at St. George's, the original capital
Hamilton Harbour in the mid-1920s
Winston Churchill hosted the Three-Powers Summit in 1953
The in Hamilton Harbour, c. Dec 1952 / Jan 1953
The S.S. Queen of Bermuda departing the island in December 1952 / January 1953. The Devonshire Dock is in the foreground.
View of Bermuda from Gibbs Hill Lighthouse in July 2015
View from the top of Gibb's Hill Lighthouse
Landsat 8 satellite image
Topographic map of Bermuda
NOAA Ocean Explorer Bermuda Geologic Map, where red denotes the Walsingham Formation, purple denotes the Town Hill and Belmont Formations, green denotes the Rocky Bay and Southampton Formations, and white is fill associated with the airport
1904 view across Hamilton Harbour from Fort Hamilton of cedar-cloaked hills in Paget Parish
Residential suburb near the old St. George's Garrison, with "Town Cut Battery" or "Gate's Fort" on the shore of the Town Cut, and St. George's Town and harbour in the background
Young Bermuda cedar tree at Ferry Reach
White-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus bermudianus)
19th Century young Bermudian man
The image of the Lord Holy Christ of the Miracles, in Hamilton, venerated by Azoreans in Bermuda
The Queen on a 1953 Bermudian stamp
The State House in St. George's, the home of Bermuda's parliament between 1620 and 1815
The Sessions House in Hamilton, current home of the House of Assembly and the Supreme Court
A British passport as issued by the Department of Immigration of the Government of Bermuda on behalf of the Passport Office of the Government of the United Kingdom, and often erroneously described as a Bermudian passport
Parishes of Bermuda
Military Governors and Staff Officers in British North America and West Indies 1778 and 1784
The First Bermuda Volunteer Rifle Corps Contingent, raised in 1914. By the war's end, the two BVRC contingents had lost over 75% of their combined strength.
Remembrance Day Parade, Hamilton, Bermuda
HMS Ambuscade at the Royal Naval Dockyard in 1988
A proportional representation of Bermuda exports, 2019
Front Street, Hamilton
Bermuda electricity production by source
One of Bermuda's pink-sand beaches at Astwood Park
View of Harrington Sound from behind Bermuda Aquarium, Museum, and Zoo
Gombey dancers from Bermuda at the 2001 Smithsonian Folklife Festival in Washington, D.C.
An IOD racer on a mooring in Hamilton Harbour

Forming part of British America, Bermuda was governed under royal charter by the Somers Isles Company until 1684, when it became a crown colony.

British Empire

A replica of the Matthew, John Cabot's ship used for his second voyage to the New World
African slaves working in 17th-century Virginia, by an unknown artist, 1670
Fort St. George was founded at Madras in 1639.
Robert Clive's victory at the Battle of Plassey established the East India Company as a military as well as a commercial power.
British territories in the Americas, 1763–1776, extending much further than the Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic coast
James Cook's mission was to find the alleged southern continent Terra Australis.
The Battle of Waterloo in 1815 ended in the defeat of Napoleon and marked the beginning of Pax Britannica.
An 1876 political cartoon of Benjamin Disraeli (1804–1881) making Queen Victoria Empress of India. The caption reads "New crowns for old ones!"
British cavalry charging against Russian forces at Balaclava in 1854
The Rhodes Colossus—Cecil Rhodes spanning "Cape to Cairo"
A poster urging men from countries of the British Empire to enlist
The British Empire at its territorial peak in 1921
George V with British and Dominion prime ministers at the 1926 Imperial Conference
During the Second World War, the Eighth Army was made up of units from many different countries in the British Empire and Commonwealth; it fought in North African and Italian campaigns.
About 14.5 million people lost their homes as a result of the partition of India in 1947.
Eden's decision to invade Egypt in 1956 revealed Britain's post-war weaknesses.
British decolonisation in Africa. By the end of the 1960s, all but Rhodesia (the future Zimbabwe) and the South African mandate of South West Africa (Namibia) had achieved recognised independence.
The fourteen British Overseas Territories
Cricket being played in India. Sports developed in Britain or the former empire continue to be viewed and played.

The British Empire was composed of the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

British Overseas Territories

The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as the United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom.

The British Overseas Territories (BOTs), also known as the United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs), are fourteen territories with a constitutional and historical link with the United Kingdom.

Flag of the Friends of the British Overseas Territories, a charitable organisation
St. George's town (originally named New London), in the Islands of Bermuda, or "The Somers Isles". The colony was founded by the wrecking of the flagship of the Virginia Company in 1609. The company's charter was extended to include Bermuda in 1612, and it has remained an English (since 1707, British) colony ever since. Since the rebellion of Virginia, it has been the oldest-remaining British colony, and the town of St. George's is the oldest continuously inhabited British settlement in the New World.
Five of the overseas territories are in the Caribbean, as shown on the map.
McKeeva Bush, Premier of the Cayman Islands from 2009 to 2012
Leaders of the Overseas Territories with the Prime Minister, David Cameron, in 2012
Tristan da Cunha on 6 February 2013, as seen from space. The population was temporarily evacuated to the UK in 1961 because of an eruption. Postal code TDCU 1ZZ
Coastline at Little Bay, the site of the new capital of Montserrat replacing Plymouth. The project is funded by the UK's Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (previously the Department for International Development).
British overseas territories at the same geographic scale as the UK
Map showing the portion of Antarctica claimed by the UK as British Antarctic Territory
Gibraltar was the only overseas territory included in the European Union.
Thousands of Gibraltarians dress in their national colours of red and white during the 2013 Gibraltar National Day celebrations. Gibraltarians were the only group of overseas territories residents who could apply for full British citizenship without restrictions before 2002.
RAF Mount Pleasant, Falkland Islands
Colour party of the Royal Bermuda Regiment at Queen's Birthday Parade in 2017
Cliffs at Gough and Inaccessible Islands
Overseas Territories flags in Parliament Square in 2013
A Stoplight Parrotfish in Princess Alexandra Land and Sea National Park, Providenciales, Turks and Caicos Islands
Penguins in South Georgia, 2010
Henderson Island in the Pitcairn Islands
Rothera Research Station

Prior to 1 January 1983, the territories were officially referred to as British Crown Colonies.

British Honduras

Destruction from the 1931 Belize hurricane
1965 map of British Honduras
Belize and Guatemala
The Queen on $5-British Honduras stamp, 1953

British Honduras was a British Crown colony on the east coast of Central America, south of Mexico, from 1783 to 1964, then a self-governing colony, renamed Belize in June 1973, until September 1981, when it gained full independence as Belize.

Colony of Jamaica

English colony from 1655 , and a British colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent.

English colony from 1655 , and a British colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent.

Sugar cane cutters in Jamaica, 1880
Sugar cane cutters in Jamaica, 1891
Marcus Garvey
An illustration of pre-1692 Port Royal
English map of Jamaica from the 1670s<ref>{{cite web |url=http://prestwidge.com/river/jamaica1671ogilby.html |title=Archived copy |access-date=2015-05-21 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120222101724/http://prestwidge.com/river/jamaica1671ogilby.html |archive-date=22 February 2012 }}</ref>
European colonies in the Caribbean during the 18th century
Kingston in 1891
Horse-drawn carriages in Kingston, 1891
Map of Kingston in 1897
View of Kingston in 1907 showing damage caused by the earthquake

Jamaica became a Crown colony in 1866.

British Ceylon

Ceylon (Sinhala: බ්‍රිතාන්‍ය ලංකාව, Brithānya Laṃkāva; Tamil: பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை, Birithaniya Ilangai) was the British Crown colony of present-day Sri Lanka between 1796 and 4 February 1948.

Flag of the Governor of Gibraltar, 1982–Present

Governor

Administrative leader and head of a polity or political region, ranking under the head of state and in some cases, such as governors-general, as the head of state's official representative.

Administrative leader and head of a polity or political region, ranking under the head of state and in some cases, such as governors-general, as the head of state's official representative.

Flag of the Governor of Gibraltar, 1982–Present

In the British Empire, a governor was originally an official appointed by the British monarch (or the cabinet) to oversee a crown colony and was the (sometimes notional) head of the colonial administration.

Sierra Leone Colony and Protectorate

The British colonial administration in Sierra Leone from 1808 to 1961, part of the British Empire from the abolitionism era until the decolonisation era.

The British colonial administration in Sierra Leone from 1808 to 1961, part of the British Empire from the abolitionism era until the decolonisation era.

Location of Sierra Leone (red) in Western Africa
Map of West Africa, 1922; British territories in pink.
Location of Sierra Leone (red) in Western Africa

The Crown colony, which included the area surrounding Freetown, was established in 1808.