Cru (wine)

Grand CrucrucrusGrand CrusPremier CruGrandGrand cru (wine)grand cru'' is well defined with respect to vineyardsgrands crus'' vineyardsgrowths
Cru is "a vineyard or group of vineyards, especially one of recognized quality".wikipedia
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Glossary of wine terms

wine termchaimoelleux
It is a French wine term which is traditionally translated as "growth", as it was originally the past participle of the verb "croître" (to grow).

Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855

1855 Classification1855 Bordeaux classificationclassified
Following the success of the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, Jules Lavalle developed an informal classification of vineyards of the Côte d'Or in his book History and Statistics of the Côte d'Or.
The wines were ranked in importance from first to fifth growths (crus).

Classification of wine

classificationwine classificationclassified
The term cru is often used within classifications of French wine.
* Grand cru of Burgundy and Alsace

Wine label

wine labelslabelledlabeled
By implication, a wine that displays (or is allowed to display) the name of its cru on its wine label is supposed to exhibit the typical characteristics of this cru.
Cru, a word used to classify wines can mean different things.

Burgundy wine

BurgundyBurgundianBourgogne
It is the highest level of classification of Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) wines from Burgundy or Alsace.
Eighty-five miles southeast of Chablis is the Côte d'Or, where Burgundy's most famous and most expensive wines originate, and where all Grand Cru vineyards of Burgundy (except for Chablis Grand Cru) are situated.

Alsace Grand Cru AOC

Alsace Grand CruGrand CruGrands Crus
In Alsace, the concept of cru vineyards came very early.

List of Burgundy Grand Crus

Grand CruBurgundy Grand CruGrand Cru vineyards
Grand Cru (great growth) is the highest level in the vineyard classification of Burgundy.

Grand cru (food and drink)

Grand CruGrand Cru
While the term grand cru is well defined with respect to vineyards, its use with respect to other products is unregulated.

List of Chablis crus

Chablis Grand CruForêtChablis cru
The top two are the crus of Chablis and include the 7 Grand cru vineyards followed by the lower Premier crus.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
It is a French wine term which is traditionally translated as "growth", as it was originally the past participle of the verb "croître" (to grow). Premier cru is a French language wine term corresponding to "First Growth", and which can be used to refer to classified vineyards, wineries and wines, with different meanings in different wine regions:

Wine

winesfine winewhite wine
It is a French wine term which is traditionally translated as "growth", as it was originally the past participle of the verb "croître" (to grow). Premier cru is a French language wine term corresponding to "First Growth", and which can be used to refer to classified vineyards, wineries and wines, with different meanings in different wine regions:

Terroir

terroirsplantation areasterrior
As a wine term it is closely connected to terroir in the sense of an "extent of terrain having a certain physical homogeneity . . . considered from the point of view of the nature of the soil as communicating a particular character to its produce, notably to wine".

French wine

FranceFrenchFrench wines
The term cru is often used within classifications of French wine.

Vineyard

vineyardswine estatevineries
Premier cru is a French language wine term corresponding to "First Growth", and which can be used to refer to classified vineyards, wineries and wines, with different meanings in different wine regions:

Winery

winerieswine estatebodega
Premier cru is a French language wine term corresponding to "First Growth", and which can be used to refer to classified vineyards, wineries and wines, with different meanings in different wine regions:

List of wine-producing regions

wine regionwine regionswine-producing region
Premier cru is a French language wine term corresponding to "First Growth", and which can be used to refer to classified vineyards, wineries and wines, with different meanings in different wine regions:

Classification of Saint-Émilion wine

1955 Official Classification of St.-ÉmilionClassified Growthformal classification in Saint-Émilion

Appellation d'origine contrôlée

appellationAOCAppellation d’Origine Contrôlée
It is the highest level of classification of Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) wines from Burgundy or Alsace.

Alsace wine

AlsaceAlsace AOCAlsacian wines
It is the highest level of classification of Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) wines from Burgundy or Alsace.

Saint-Émilion AOC

Saint-ÉmilionSt-EmilionSt. Emilion
The same term is applied to Châteaux in Saint-Émilion, although in that region it has a different meaning and does not represent the top tier of classification.