A report on Military order (religious society), Knight, Knights Templar and Crusader states
A military order (militaris ordo) is a Christian religious society of knights.- Military order (religious society)
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order, one of the most wealthy and popular of the Western Christian military orders.- Knights Templar
The original military orders were the Knights Templar, the Knights Hospitaller, the Order of Saint James, the Order of Calatrava, and the Teutonic Knights.- Military order (religious society)
They arose in the Middle Ages in association with the Crusades, both in the Holy Land and in the Iberian peninsula; their members being dedicated to the protection of pilgrims and the defence of the Crusader states.- Military order (religious society)
The Crusades brought various military orders of knights to the forefront of defending Christian pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land.- Knight
Although the city of Jerusalem was relatively secure under Christian control, the rest of Outremer was not.- Knights Templar
In 1119, the French knight Hugues de Payens approached King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Warmund, Patriarch of Jerusalem, and proposed creating a monastic order for the protection of these pilgrims.- Knights Templar
The first military orders of knighthood were the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre and the Knights Hospitaller, both founded shortly after the First Crusade of 1099, followed by the Order of Saint Lazarus (1100), Knights Templars (1118) and the Teutonic Knights (1190).- Knight
It was only over the following century, with the successful conquest of the Holy Land and the rise of the crusader states, that these orders became powerful and prestigious.- Knight
Violence was endemic, and a new class of mounted warriors, the knights, emerged.- Crusader states
Church leaders quickly espoused the idea of armed monks, and within a decade, two military orders, the Knights Templar and Hospitaller, were formed.- Crusader states
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Teutonic Order0 links
The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctae Mariae Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum; L'Ordine dei Fratelli della Casa Tedesca di Santa Maria a Gerusalemme; Orden de Hermanos de la Casa Alemana de Santa María en Jerusalén; Ordre des Frères de la Maison allemande de Sainte Marie à Jérusalem; Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem; Orde van de Broeders van het Duitse Huis van Sint-Maria in Jeruzalem; Zakon Szpitala Najświętszej Marii Panny Domu Niemieckiego w Jerozolimie), commonly known as the Teutonic Order (German: Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.
Purely religious since 1810, the Teutonic Order still confers limited honorary knighthoods.
Soon Pope Clement III approved it and the Order started to play an important role in the Outremer (the general name for the Crusader states), controlling the port tolls of Acre.
However, based on the model of the Knights Templar, it was transformed into a military order in 1198 and the head of the order became known as the Grand Master (magister hospitalis).