Indications of presence of military orders associated with the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Holy Land during the Crusades (in German).
A 14th century depiction of the 13th century German knight Hartmann von Aue, from the Codex Manesse.
A Seal of the Knights Templar
The Crusader States in 1135
Reconquista of the main towns (per year) (in Spanish).
A Norman knight slaying Harold Godwinson (Bayeux tapestry, c. 1070). The rank of knight developed in the 12th century from the mounted warriors of the 10th and 11th centuries.
Flag used by the Templars in battle.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
Extent of the Teutonic Order in 1410.
The battle between the Turks and Christian knights during the Ottoman wars in Europe
The first headquarters of the Knights Templar, on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The Crusaders called it "the Temple of Solomon" and from this location derived their name of Templar.
Anatolia at the beginning of the First Crusade (1097)
The Hospitallers in the 13th century
David I of Scotland knighting a squire
Battle of Hattin in 1187, the turning point leading to the Third Crusade. From a copy of the Passages d’outremer, c.1490.
Godfrey of Bouillon during the siege of Jerusalem (from the 14th-century Roman de Godefroi de Bouillon)
Map of the branches of the Teutonic Order in Europe around 1300. Shaded area is sovereign territory, Grand Master HQ in Venice is highlighted)
The miles Christianus allegory (mid-13th century), showing a knight armed with virtues and facing the vices in mortal combat. The parts of his armour are identified with Christian virtues, thus correlating essential military equipment with the religious values of chivalry: 
The helmet is spes futuri gaudii (hope of future bliss), the shield (here the shield of the Trinity) is fides (faith), the armour is caritas (charity), the lance is perseverantia (perseverance), the sword is verbum Dei (the word of God), the banner is regni celestis desiderium (desire for the kingdom of heaven), the horse is bona voluntas (good will), the saddle is Christiana religio (Christian religion), the saddlecloth is humilitas (humility), the reins are discretio (discretion), the spurs are disciplina (discipline), the stirrups are propositum boni operis (proposition of good work), and the horse's four hooves are delectatio, consensus, bonum opus, consuetudo (delight, consent, good work, and exercise).
Convent of Christ Castle in Tomar, Portugal. Built in 1160 as a stronghold for the Knights Templar, it became the headquarters of the renamed Order of Christ. In 1983, it was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Montréal castle
Tournament from the Codex Manesse, depicting the mêlée
Templars being burned at the stake.
Kings Louis VIII and Conrad III meet Queen Melisende and King Baldwin III at Acre from a 13th-century codex
Elements of a harness of the late style of Gothic plate armour that was a popular style in the mid 15th to early 16th century (depiction made in the 18th century)
Templar chapel from the 12th century in Metz, France. Once part of the Templar commandery of Metz, the oldest Templar institution of the Holy Roman Empire.
Saladin and Guy fight from a 13th-century manuscript of Matthew Paris's chronicle
Page from King René's Tournament Book (BnF Ms Fr 2695)
Templar building at Saint Martin des Champs, France
The crusader states after Saladin's conquests and before the Third Crusade
The Battle of Pavia in 1525. Landsknecht mercenaries with arquebus.
Representation of a Knight Templar (Ten Duinen Abbey museum, 2010 photograph)
Map of Lesser Armenia in 1200
Fortified house – a family seat of a knight (Schloss Hart by the Harter Graben near Kindberg, Austria)
Depiction of two Templars seated on a horse (emphasising poverty), with Beauséant, the "sacred banner" (or gonfanon) of the Templars, argent a chief sable (Matthew Paris, c. 1250).
A 13th-century manuscript of the marriage of Frederick and Isabella
The Battle of Grunwald between Poland-Lithuania and the Teutonic Knights in 1410
Temple Church, London. As the chapel of the New Temple in London, it was the location for Templar initiation ceremonies. In modern times it is the parish church of the Middle and Inner Temples, two of the Inns of Court, and a popular tourist attraction.
Krak des Chevaliers
Pippo Spano, the member of the Order of the Dragon
The feudatories of the king of Jerusalem in 1187
The English fighting the French knights at the Battle of Crécy in 1346
13th-century miniature of Baldwin II of Jerusalem granting the Al Aqsa Mosque to Hugues de Payens
Miniature from Jean Froissart Chronicles depicting the Battle of Montiel (Castilian Civil War, in the Hundred Years' War)
Coins of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from the British Museum. Left: European style Denier with Holy Sepulchre (1162–1175). Centre: Kufic gold bezant (1140–1180). Right: gold bezant with Christian symbol (1250s)
A modern artistic rendition of a chevalière of the Late Middle Ages.
12th-century Hospitaller castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria
A battle of the Reconquista from the Cantigas de Santa Maria
The Battle of Pavia in 1525. Landsknecht mercenaries with arquebus.

A military order (militaris ordo) is a Christian religious society of knights.

- Military order (religious society)

The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), also known as the Order of Solomon's Temple, the Knights Templar, or simply the Templars, was a Catholic military order, one of the most wealthy and popular of the Western Christian military orders.

- Knights Templar

The original military orders were the Knights Templar, the Knights Hospitaller, the Order of Saint James, the Order of Calatrava, and the Teutonic Knights.

- Military order (religious society)

They arose in the Middle Ages in association with the Crusades, both in the Holy Land and in the Iberian peninsula; their members being dedicated to the protection of pilgrims and the defence of the Crusader states.

- Military order (religious society)

The Crusades brought various military orders of knights to the forefront of defending Christian pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land.

- Knight

Although the city of Jerusalem was relatively secure under Christian control, the rest of Outremer was not.

- Knights Templar

In 1119, the French knight Hugues de Payens approached King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Warmund, Patriarch of Jerusalem, and proposed creating a monastic order for the protection of these pilgrims.

- Knights Templar

The first military orders of knighthood were the Knights of the Holy Sepulchre and the Knights Hospitaller, both founded shortly after the First Crusade of 1099, followed by the Order of Saint Lazarus (1100), Knights Templars (1118) and the Teutonic Knights (1190).

- Knight

It was only over the following century, with the successful conquest of the Holy Land and the rise of the crusader states, that these orders became powerful and prestigious.

- Knight

Violence was endemic, and a new class of mounted warriors, the knights, emerged.

- Crusader states

Church leaders quickly espoused the idea of armed monks, and within a decade, two military orders, the Knights Templar and Hospitaller, were formed.

- Crusader states
Indications of presence of military orders associated with the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Holy Land during the Crusades (in German).

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Coat of arms of the order

Teutonic Order

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Coat of arms of the order
Extent of the Teutonic Order in 1300.
The coat of arms in the style of the 14th century
Teutonic & Livonian Orders in 1422
Reliquary made in Elbing in 1388 for Teutonic komtur Thiele von Lorich, military trophy of Polish king Wladislaus in 1410.
Hermann von Salza, the fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights (1209–1239)
Tannhäuser in the habit of the Teutonic Knights, from the Codex Manesse
Frederick II allows the order to invade Prussia, by P. Janssen
Map of the Teutonic state in 1260
Ruins of the Teutonic Order's castle in Paide, Estonia
Pomerelia (Pommerellen) while part of the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights
Map of the Teutonic state in 1410
Battle of Grunwald
Map of the Teutonic state in 1466
Castle of the Teutonic Order in Bad Mergentheim
A German National People's Party poster from 1920 showing a Teutonic knight being attacked by Poles and socialists. The caption reads "Rescue the East".
14th-century brass stamp with the shield insignia.
In the 16th century, officers of the order would quarter their family arms with the order's arms.<ref>In this example (dated 1594), Hugo Dietrich von Hohenlandenberg, commander of the bailiwick of Swabia-Alsace-Burgundy, shows his Landenberg family arms quartered with the order's black cross.</ref>
Example of the Deutschmeisterwappen on the gate of the Bad Mergentheim residence
Coat of arms of Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine, Grand Master from 1761 to 1780.
Modern (20th century) medal
Procession in honour of Saint Liborius of Le Mans with Knights of the Holy Sepulchre together with Teutonic Knights in Paderborn, Germany.

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: Ordo domus Sanctae Mariae Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum; L'Ordine dei Fratelli della Casa Tedesca di Santa Maria a Gerusalemme; Orden de Hermanos de la Casa Alemana de Santa María en Jerusalén; Ordre des Frères de la Maison allemande de Sainte Marie à Jérusalem; Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem; Orde van de Broeders van het Duitse Huis van Sint-Maria in Jeruzalem; Zakon Szpitala Najświętszej Marii Panny Domu Niemieckiego w Jerozolimie), commonly known as the Teutonic Order (German: Deutscher Orden, Deutschherrenorden or Deutschritterorden), is a Catholic religious order founded as a military order c. 1190 in Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem.

Purely religious since 1810, the Teutonic Order still confers limited honorary knighthoods.

Soon Pope Clement III approved it and the Order started to play an important role in the Outremer (the general name for the Crusader states), controlling the port tolls of Acre.

However, based on the model of the Knights Templar, it was transformed into a military order in 1198 and the head of the order became known as the Grand Master (magister hospitalis).