CryoSat

CryoSat Satellite MissionCryoSat-2
CryoSat is an ESA programme to monitor variations in the extent and thickness of polar ice through use of a satellite in low Earth orbit.wikipedia
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CryoSat-1

CryoSat
The CryoSat-1 spacecraft was lost in a launch failure in 2005, however the programme was resumed with the successful launch of a replacement, CryoSat-2, launched on 8 April 2010.
CryoSat-1, also known as just CryoSat, was a European Space Agency satellite which was lost in a launch failure in 2005.

CryoSat-2

CryoSat 2CryoSat2CryoSat‑2
The CryoSat-1 spacecraft was lost in a launch failure in 2005, however the programme was resumed with the successful launch of a replacement, CryoSat-2, launched on 8 April 2010.
CryoSat-2 is operated as part of the CryoSat programme to study the Earth's polar ice caps, which is itself part of the Living Planet programme.

Duncan Wingham

The original CryoSat was proposed in 1998 by Duncan Wingham of University College London.
He is chief executive of the Natural Environment Research Council and Principal Scientist for the CryoSat Satellite Mission.

Rokot

RockotRokot-KMEurokot
CryoSat-1 was launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia on October 8, 2005, using a Rockot launcher.
After six entirely successful launches, a launch failure occurred on 8 October 2005, leading to the loss of the European Space Agency's CryoSat spacecraft.

UR-100N

SS-19UR-100UTTKhSS-19 Stiletto
(Rockot is a modified SS-19 rocket which was originally an ICBM designed to deliver nuclear weapons, but which Russia is now eliminating in accordance with the START treaties.) According to Mr. Yuri Bakhvalov, First Deputy Director General of the Khrunichev Space Centre, when the automatic command to switch off the second stage engine did not take effect, the second stage continued to operate until it ran out of fuel and as a consequence the planned separation of the third (Breeze-KM) stage of the rocket which carried the CryoSat satellite did not take place, and would thus have remained attached to the second stage.
The UR-100N forms the basis of the Rokot space launch system, which was used in several successful launches in the 1990s and early 2000s (decade), and one failed launch of the ESA CryoSat satellite in 2005.

Satellite

satellitesartificial satelliteartificial satellites
CryoSat is an ESA programme to monitor variations in the extent and thickness of polar ice through use of a satellite in low Earth orbit.

Low Earth orbit

Low EarthLEOlow-Earth orbit
CryoSat is an ESA programme to monitor variations in the extent and thickness of polar ice through use of a satellite in low Earth orbit.

Sea level rise

rising sea levelssea-level risesea level change
The information provided about the behaviour of coastal glaciers that drain thinning ice sheets will be key to better predictions of future sea level rise.

European Space Operations Centre

ESOCESA's Space Operations CentreESOC facilities
CryoSat is operated from the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany.

Darmstadt

Darmstadt, GermanyHessen-DarmstadtDA
CryoSat is operated from the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
CryoSat is operated from the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany.

Synthetic-aperture radar

synthetic aperture radarSARsynthetic aperture
CryoSat's primary instrument is SIRAL (SAR / Interferometric Radar Altimeter).

Interferometry

interferometerinterferometricoptical interferometry
CryoSat's primary instrument is SIRAL (SAR / Interferometric Radar Altimeter).

Radar altimeter

radio altimeterradar altimetryelectronic altimeter
CryoSat's primary instrument is SIRAL (SAR / Interferometric Radar Altimeter).

University College London

University College, LondonUCLUniversity College
The original CryoSat was proposed in 1998 by Duncan Wingham of University College London.

Cryosphere

cryosphericicecryology
The satellite's planned three-year mission was to survey natural and human driven changes in the cryosphere on Earth.

Ice sheet

ice sheetscontinental glacierice-sheet
It was designed to provide much more accurate data on the rate of change of the surface elevation of the polar ice sheets and sea ice thickness.

Sea ice

ice floesicepack ice
It was designed to provide much more accurate data on the rate of change of the surface elevation of the polar ice sheets and sea ice thickness.