Cultural diplomacy

cultural exchangecultural exchangesinternational understandingcross-cultural exchangecultural ambassadorcultural ambassadorscultural and sporting eventscultural aspectscultural diplomatscultural exchange program
Cultural diplomacy is a type of public diplomacy and soft power that includes the "exchange of ideas, information, art, language and other aspects of culture among nations and their peoples in order to foster mutual understanding".wikipedia
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Fulbright Program

Fulbright ScholarFulbrightFulbright Scholarship
The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright–Hays Program, is one of several United States Cultural Exchange Programs whose goal is to improve intercultural relations, cultural diplomacy, and intercultural competence between the people of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills.

Public diplomacy

diplomats establish exchange programmespeople-to-people diplomacypropagandistic campaign
Cultural diplomacy is a type of public diplomacy and soft power that includes the "exchange of ideas, information, art, language and other aspects of culture among nations and their peoples in order to foster mutual understanding".
Nicholas J. Cull divides the practice into five elements: listening, advocacy, cultural diplomacy, exchange diplomacy and international broadcasting (IB).

John Serry Sr.

John Serry, Sr.John SerrySerry, John Sr.
Musical artists such as Alfredo Antonini, Terig Tucci, John Serry Sr., Miguel Sandoval, Juan Arvizu, Elsa Miranda, Eva Garza and Nestor Mesta Chayres participated in this truly international effort to foster peace throughout the Americas through shared musical performances (See Viva América).
He performed on the CBS Radio and Television networks and contributed to Voice of America's cultural diplomacy initiatives during the Golden Age of Radio.

American National Exhibition

1959 Moscow FairAmerican exhibitionAmerican National Exhibition in Moscow
In 1959, the American National Exhibition was held on Sokolniki Park in Moscow.
It featured many displays of the latest "home appliances, fashions, television and hi-fi sets, a model house priced to sell [to] an 'average' family, farm equipment, 1959 automobiles, boats, sporting equipment and a children's playground, as well as books and vinyl records, this exhibit was intended to narrow the gap between the Americans and the Soviets and improve the political relations between them. However, the "exhibition was also a tool of cultural diplomacy against the Soviet Communist Regime" as the American politicians wanted to demonstrate the advantages of capitalism to the Soviets. This is evident in Vice President Richard Nixon's speech on the opening night of the Exhibition on July 24, 1959, as he congratulated USSR's Premier Nikita Khrushchev and the Soviets on their advances in astronomy and rocket science, but quickly returned to focus on the United States' strong points, especially the concept of freedom.

Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs

Office of Inter-American AffairsCoordinator of Inter-American AffairsCoordinator of the Office of Inter-American Affairs
In the early 1940s, Nelson Rockefeller at the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs collaborated with Edmund A. Chester of the CBS radio broadcasting network in order to showcase leading musicians from both North and South America for audiences on both continents.
The mission of the OCIAA was cultural diplomacy, promoting hemispheric solidarity and countering the growing influence of the Axis powers in Latin America.

Soft power

soft diplomacypoliticallysoft
Cultural diplomacy is a type of public diplomacy and soft power that includes the "exchange of ideas, information, art, language and other aspects of culture among nations and their peoples in order to foster mutual understanding".
The term was not defined but it was described as related to cultural diplomacy.

Nelson Rockefeller

Nelson A. RockefellerNelson Aldrich RockefellerNelson
In the early 1940s, Nelson Rockefeller at the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs collaborated with Edmund A. Chester of the CBS radio broadcasting network in order to showcase leading musicians from both North and South America for audiences on both continents.
He facilitated this form of cultural diplomacy by collaborating with the Director of Latin American Relations at the CBS radio network Edmund A. Chester.

Samuel Adler (composer)

Samuel AdlerSamuel Hans AdlerDr. Samuel Adler
In 1952 the U.S. Seventh Army enlisted the expertise of the young conductor Samuel Adler to establish the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra in Stuttgart, Germany in order to demonstrate the shared cultural heritage of America and Europe.
In addition, he is credited with founding and conducting the U.S. Seventh Army's Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra which participated in the cultural diplomacy initiatives of the United States in Germany and throughout Europe in the aftermath of World War II.

Henry Lewis (musician)

Henry LewisLewisHenry Jay Lewis
They showcased the talents of several noted conductors and musicians including: James Dixon, John Ferritto, Henry Lewis and Kenneth Schermerhorn.
As musical director of the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra, he supported America's cultural diplomacy initiatives in Europe after World War II.

Alfredo Antonini

Musical artists such as Alfredo Antonini, Terig Tucci, John Serry Sr., Miguel Sandoval, Juan Arvizu, Elsa Miranda, Eva Garza and Nestor Mesta Chayres participated in this truly international effort to foster peace throughout the Americas through shared musical performances (See Viva América).
These included: the CBS Pan American Orchestra (1940–1949), as part of the cultural diplomacy initiative of the Department of State and the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs during World War II, the Columbia Concert Orchestra (1940–1949) and the CBS Symphony Orchestra.

Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra

In 1952 the U.S. Seventh Army enlisted the expertise of the young conductor Samuel Adler to establish the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra in Stuttgart, Germany in order to demonstrate the shared cultural heritage of America and Europe.
Founded by the composer Samuel Adler, its members participated in the cultural diplomacy initiatives of the United States in an effort to demonstrate the shared cultural heritage of the United States, its European allies and the vanquished countries of Europe during the post World War II era.

United States Information Agency

U.S. Information AgencyUnited States Information ServiceUSIA
In an effort to change this perception, the United States Information Agency (USIA) sponsored a photographic exhibition titled The Family of Man.

Viva América

Viva America
Musical artists such as Alfredo Antonini, Terig Tucci, John Serry Sr., Miguel Sandoval, Juan Arvizu, Elsa Miranda, Eva Garza and Nestor Mesta Chayres participated in this truly international effort to foster peace throughout the Americas through shared musical performances (See Viva América).
All broadcasts of this program were supervised under the strict government supervision of the United States Department of State and the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (OCIAA) as part of the United States Cultural Exchange Programs cultural diplomacy initiative authorized by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (via Voice of America) during World War II through the Office for Coordination of Commercial and Cultural Relations (OCCCRBAR) and the Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs directed by Nelson Rockefeller.

Balassi Institute

Hungarian Cultural InstituteBalassi InstitutHungarian Cultural centre, Brussels
The Institute plays a key role in developing and attaining Hungary’s objectives in the area of cultural diplomacy.

Danish Cultural Institute

The Danish Cultural Institute promotes cultural exchanges between Denmark and the rest of the world.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight EisenhowerEisenhowerPresident Eisenhower
With this in mind, President Dwight D. Eisenhower established an Emergency Fund for International Affairs in 1954 to stimulate the presentation of America's cultural achievements to international audiences in the realms of dance, theatre and music.
In 1954, he also induced Congress to create an Emergency Fund for International Affairs in order to support America's use of cultural diplomacy to strengthen international relations throughout Europe during the cold war.

Goethe-Institut

Goethe InstituteGoethe InstitutThe Goethe Institute
The Goethe-Institut (, GI, "Goethe Institute") is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with 159 institutes, promoting the study of the German language abroad and encouraging international cultural exchange and relations.

Miguel Sandoval (composer)

Miguel SandovalSandoval
Musical artists such as Alfredo Antonini, Terig Tucci, John Serry Sr., Miguel Sandoval, Juan Arvizu, Elsa Miranda, Eva Garza and Nestor Mesta Chayres participated in this truly international effort to foster peace throughout the Americas through shared musical performances (See Viva América).
These were all transmitted through the shortwave to Spanish-speaking audiences around the world as part of the State Department's cultural diplomacy initiatives during World War II.

Japan Foundation

The Japan FoundationWochi Kochi MagazineJapan Arts Foundation
The Japan Foundation aims towards comprehensive and effective development of its international cultural exchange programs in the following categories:

Culinary diplomacy

gastrodiplomacy
Culinary diplomacy, also known as gastrodiplomacy, is a type of cultural diplomacy, which itself is a subset of public diplomacy.

Howard Hanson

HansonHanson, HowardHoward
Members of the advisory panel included such noted American composers and academics as: Virgil Thomson, Howard Hanson at the Eastman School of Music, William Schuman at the Juilliard School, Milton Katims, and the music critic Alfred Frankenstein.
Musicians who were accepted into this program represented America's cultural diplomacy initiatives in concert venues throughout the world during the Cold War.

Seventh United States Army

Seventh ArmyU.S. Seventh Army7th Army
In 1952 the U.S. Seventh Army enlisted the expertise of the young conductor Samuel Adler to establish the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra in Stuttgart, Germany in order to demonstrate the shared cultural heritage of America and Europe.
For over a decade it also hosted and staffed the acclaimed Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra founded by the conductor Samuel Adler in support of the United States Army's cultural diplomacy initiatives throughout Germany and Europe in the aftermath of World War II (1952–1962).

Alliance Française

Alliance FrancaiseThéâtre de l'Alliance françaiseAlliances Francaises

Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs

United States Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural AffairsBureau for Educational and Cultural AffairsDepartment of State Bureau of Education and Cultural Affairs

Istituto Italiano di Cultura

Italian Cultural InstituteItalian Institute of CultureInstitutes of Italian Culture