Culture of Austria

Joseph Haydn, Portrait by Thomas Hardy, 1791
Johann Strauss, Jr
Mozart, by Barbara Krafft (1764–1825)
Golden Hall, from which the Vienna New Year's concert is broadcast
An overflow crowd watches the simultaneous outdoor broadcast of a performance in National Concert Hall by the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Simon Rattle.
Vienna State Opera
Wiener Sängerknaben (Vienna Boys' Chorus) during a concert at the Wiener Musikverein
Austria3 - from left: Georg Danzer, Rainhard Fendrich, Wolfgang Ambros.
Salzburg old city
Linz, part of main square
New Cathedral of Linz
Stift Melk
Vienna Secession
Prix Ars Electronica 2012, Ars Electronica Center
Seasonal migration to pasture
Krampus at Toblach
Bilingual German-Hungarian sign in Oberwart, Burgenland.
Salzburger Nockerln
Wiener schnitzel
Café Central in Vienna
Austria is known for its Lipizzaner horses at Vienna's Spanish Riding School.
View of one of the main stairs (Hauptstiege) in the University of Vienna
Salzburg Cathedral.

Austrian culture has been influenced by its past and present neighbours: Germany, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, and Bohemia.

- Culture of Austria

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National capital, largest city, and one of nine states of Austria.

Depiction of Vienna in the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493
Vienna in 1683
Vienna from Belvedere by Bernardo Bellotto, 1758
Vienna's Ringstraße and the State Opera in around 1870
Color lithograph of Vienna, 1900
Crowds greet Adolf Hitler as he rides in an open car through Vienna in March 1938
Occupation zones in Vienna, 1945–55
Vienna in 1966
Karlskirche, located on the south side of Karlsplatz in the 4th city district
Satellite image of Vienna (2018)
Map of the districts of Vienna with numbers
Albertina Terrace in the Innere Stadt
The Ring Road (Ringstraße) with a historical tram
The Debating Chamber of the former House of Deputies of Austria in the parliament
Interior of Vienna's historical Rathaus, the seat of city mayor
Messe Wien Congress Center
Austria Center Vienna (ACV)
“HoHo Wien” in January 2020
Monument of Johann Strauss II at Stadtpark, Vienna
State Opera (Staatsoper)
Hofburg Palace
Musikverein Vienna
Statue of Mozart during spring in Vienna
Courtyard of the Museumsquartier with Enzi seating furniture
Leopold Museum
Liechtenstein Museum
Hotel Sacher
View of the city from Stephansdom
Statue of Friedrich Schiller in front of the Academy of Fine Arts
The Vienna University of Economics and Business
The University of Vienna's main building
TU Wien
The Schönbrunn gardens in autumn
Ernst-Happel-Stadion in the Prater
Wiener Schnitzel
A typical Heurigen-Restaurant in Grinzing
Demel Café
Stephansplatz metro station
Vienna Airport terminal 3 arrivals lounge
UN complex in Vienna, with the Austria Center Vienna in front, taken from the Danube Tower in the nearby Donaupark before the extensive building work
Many international organizations and offices are located in Donaustadt.
Austrian Parliament Building
Belvedere Palace
Karlskirche at dusk
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Naturhistorisches Museum
Palais Augarten
Schönbrunn Zoo
Spanish Riding School
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Prince Eugene Monument
View of Hofburg
Vienna Secession building
Vienna State Opera
Wiener Riesenrad

Vienna is Austria's most populous city, with about two million inhabitants (2.9 million within the metropolitan area, nearly one third of the country's population), and its cultural, economic, and political center.

November 15

Defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria.

Anglo-Saxon England (c. 650)

Leopold III, a public holiday in Lower Austria and Vienna.


Tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.

Maple leaf in October.
The calendula
Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, whose devotion and Feast are celebrated in October
Kaloust Guedel, (from Excessivism group)
October, from the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry
A shop in Derry decorated for Halloween
Halloween pumpkins

National Day (Austria)

October 26

1185 – The Uprising of Asen and Peter begins on the feast day of St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki and ends with the creation of the Second Bulgarian Empire.

Battle of Dan-no-Ura in Honshu (1185).

National Day, celebrates the anniversary of the Declaration of Neutrality in 1955. (Austria)


Capital and most populous city of Hungary.

Buda during the Middle Ages, woodcut from the Nuremberg Chronicle (1493)
Retaking of Buda from the Ottoman Empire, painted by Frans Geffels in 1686
Millennium Underground (1894–1896), the second oldest metro in the world (after the Metropolitan line of the London Underground)
The Hungarian State Opera House, built in the time of Austria-Hungary
Bond of the City of Budapest, issued 1. Mai 1911
Soviet tanks in Budapest (1956)
Satellite imagery of Budapest
The most famous Budapest bridge, the Chain Bridge, the icon of the city's 19th century development, built in 1849
The Hungarian Parliament, completed in 1904
MOL Group solar powered filling station in Budapest. It is the second most valuable company in Central and Eastern Europe
Research and development centre of Richter Gedeon in Budapest
Budapest Stock Exchange at Liberty Square, it is the 2nd largest stock exchange in CEE
Model United Nations conference in the assembly hall of House of Magnates
Old building (from 1890) of the Hungarian Royal Curia, that operated as the highest court in the Kingdom of Hungary between 1723 and 1949. Now it houses a museum.
U.S. President George W. Bush meets with Hungarian President László Sólyom at Sándor Palace in Budapest.
The Holy Trinity column in the Holy Trinity Square, Buda Castle Hill
The City Park Ice Rink located in the City Park, the Vajdahunyad Castle is in the background
Park on Margaret Island
Aerial panorama with Margaret Island
Széchenyi Thermal Bath in the City Park
Budapest International Airport arrivals and departures lounge between terminal 2A and 2B, named SkyCourt
Budapest metro and rapid transit network within the city and to suburbs
Green Line 4, a driverless metro line with real-time PIDS system at Kálvin square, a transfer station to Blue Line 3
CAF Tram on Line 17 at Széll Kálmán Square
A Volvo 7900A Hybrid in Budapest on Line 5 operated by BKK
Megyeri Bridge on M0 highway ring road around Budapest
Keleti Railway Station (Budapest East Central)
Hungarian Academy of Sciences seat in Budapest, founded in 1825 by Count István Széchenyi
Hungarian State Opera House
Sziget Festival Budapest. One of the largest music festivals in Europe provides a multicultural, diverse meeting point for locals and foreigners every year.
Hungarian Television seat in 2009 at Liberty square in District V
Puskás Aréna is the national stadium and the László Papp Budapest Sports Arena.
Lewis Hamilton during the 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix on Hungaroring
Main Building of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, the oldest institute of technology in the world, founded in 1782
Rector's Council Hall of Budapest Business School, the first public business school in the world, founded in 1857
Main Building of the Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music, founded in 1875
Well-preserved Baroque University Church
Boscolo Budapest Hotel, café in the ground floor, a 107-room hotel above
Interior of Gerbeaud Café
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Charles and Chief Rabbi Róbert Frölich in the Dohány Street Synagogue, the largest synagogue in Europe

Here are the greatest examples among them: the Hungarian National Museum, the Hungarian National Gallery, the Museum of Fine Arts (where can see the pictures of Hungarian painters, like Victor Vasarely, Mihály Munkácsy and a great collection about Italian art, Dutch art, Spanish art and British art from before the 19th century and French art, British art, German art, Austrian art after the 19th century), the House of Terror, the Budapest Historical Museum, the Aquincum Museum, the Memento Park, Museum of Applied Arts and the contemporary arts exhibition Palace of Arts Budapest.


For a specific analysis of the population of Austria, see Demographics of Austria

The first document containing the word "Ostarrîchi", the word is marked with a red circle.
Growth of the Habsburg Monarchy
Central Europe (ca 1820) showing the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), the Austrian Empire (yellow) and other independent German states (grey). The red line marks the border of the German Confederation; both Prussia and Austria controlled lands outside the Confederation.
A map of the German Confederation in 1849 showing the 39 independent states.
Provinces claimed by German Austria, with the subsequent border of the First Austrian Republic outlined in red.
Kurt Schuschnigg rejected the Nazis desire for an Anschluss and tried his best to keep Austria as an independent country.
Sign of the Austrian resistance movement at the Stephansdom in Vienna
Austrians greeting the Nazis during the Anschluss in Vienna
"Red-White-Red Book" which was published by the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1946, the book describes the accepted description of the events during the Anschluss (1938-1945) by the founders of the Second Austrian Republic.

Roman Catholicism in Austria has played a significant role both in the culture and in the politics of Austria.


Capital city of the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy.

Bolzano and the Alps
Aerial view of Bolzano
Bolzano in 1898
Mercantile Building
The town's coat of arms as depicted in 1471 by the mayor Konrad Lerhueber
Bolzano in 1914, at the outbreak of World War I
Victory Monument
Exhibition Centre
Oberalp Headquarters
NOI Techpark
Bolzano town hall
Bolzano Cathedral
Castle Maretsch
The former Casa del Fascio, now bearing a quotation from Hannah Arendt
South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology
Runkelstein Castle
New theatre Bolzano
Logo of the university
Bolzano railway station
The PalaOnda
Rainer Joseph of Austria
Annette of Menz
Alois Riehl
Dorian Gray, 1956
Tania Cagnotto, 2009
Franciscan Friary, Bolzano
St. Magdalena with the Rosengarten group
Statue of Walther von der Vogelweide
Cable car Ritten
Bolzano railway station
Bolzano Airport

Bolzano is considered a bridge between Northern Europe and Southern Europe due to the three spoken languages in South Tyrol (Italian, German, and Ladin) and the confluence of Italian and German-Austrian culture.


For a specific analysis of the population of Poland, see Demographics of Poland

The Baptism of Poland. Detail from Jan Matejko's Christianization of Poland AD 966.
Fragment of Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum (1073) by Adam of Bremen, containing the name "Polans": "trans Oddaram sunt Polanos"
Book of Henryków. Highlighted in red is the earliest known sentence written in the Old Polish language
King Casimir III the Great welcomes the Jews to Poland (painting by Gerson, 1874).

Poland developed a character that was influenced by its geography at the confluence of fellow Central European countries, most notably German, Austrian, Czech and Slovak as well as other European cultures.

Leopold Museum

Leopold Museum
Egon Schiele, Portrait of Wally Neuzil
Egon Schiele, Self-Portrait with Physalis
Egon Schiele, Lovemaking
Egon Schiele, Self-Portrait with Splayed Fingers
Gustav Klimt, Blind Man
Gustav Klimt, Death and Life
Gustav Klimt, Attersee
Koloman Moser, Lovers
Richard Gerstl, Lakeside Road near Gmunden
Richard Gerstl, Semi-Nude Self-Portrait
Richard Gerstl, Nude Self-Portrait with Palette
Broncia Koller-Pinell, Portrait of Silvia Koller
Albin Egger-Lienz, Totentanz

The Leopold Museum, housed in the Museumsquartier in Vienna, Austria, is home to one of the largest collections of modern Austrian art, featuring artists such as Egon Schiele, Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka and Richard Gerstl.

History of the Jews in Austria

The history of the Jews in Austria probably begins with the exodus of Jews from Judea under Roman occupation.

Samson Wertheimer
Maria Theresa of Austria
Franz Joseph I of Austria
Inside the 1887 opened Türkischer Tempel in Leopoldstadt (painting)
Leopoldstädter Tempel, one of the many synagogues in the neighborhood of Leopoldstadt, Vienna
Rosh Hashanah greeting card by Wiener Werkstätte, 1910
"Razzia" (raid) after the annexation of Austria at the headquarters of the Israelitische Kultusgemeinde in Vienna, March 1938
Immediately after the Anschluss the Nazis forced Austrian Jews to clean pro-independent Austria slogans off the pavements.
Liberation of the Mauthausen concentration camp by the American forces.
The Stadttempel in Vienna—the main building of the Jewish community, which houses the central synagogue
Monument on the place of the destroyed Leopoldstädter Tempel, showing the former size of this synagogue.

During the reign of Franz Joseph and after, Austria's Jewish population contributed greatly to Austrian culture despite their small percentage in the population.